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SubjectRE: [PATCHv1 7/7] vfio/mdev: Fix race conditions with mdev device life cycle APIs
Date
Hi Alex,

First, sorry for my late reply.

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> Sent: Tuesday, April 23, 2019 2:22 PM
> To: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> kwankhede@nvidia.com; cjia@nvidia.com
> Subject: Re: [PATCHv1 7/7] vfio/mdev: Fix race conditions with mdev device
> life cycle APIs
>
> On Thu, 4 Apr 2019 23:05:43 +0000
> Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com> wrote:
>
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> > > Sent: Thursday, April 4, 2019 3:44 PM
> > > To: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > > Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > > kwankhede@nvidia.com; cjia@nvidia.com
> > > Subject: Re: [PATCHv1 7/7] vfio/mdev: Fix race conditions with mdev
> > > device life cycle APIs
> > >
> > > On Thu, 4 Apr 2019 00:02:22 +0000
> > > Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > > From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> > > > > Sent: Wednesday, April 3, 2019 4:27 PM
> > > > > To: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > > > > Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > > > > kwankhede@nvidia.com; cjia@nvidia.com
> > > > > Subject: Re: [PATCHv1 7/7] vfio/mdev: Fix race conditions with
> > > > > mdev device life cycle APIs
> > > > >
> > > > > On Tue, 26 Mar 2019 22:45:45 -0500 Parav Pandit
> > > > > <parav@mellanox.com> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > Below race condition and call trace exist with current device
> > > > > > life cycle sequence.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > 1. In following sequence, child devices created while removing
> > > > > > mdev parent device can be left out, or it may lead to race of
> > > > > > removing half initialized child mdev devices.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > issue-1:
> > > > > > --------
> > > > > > cpu-0 cpu-1
> > > > > > ----- -----
> > > > > > mdev_unregister_device()
> > > > > > device_for_each_child()
> > > > > > mdev_device_remove_cb()
> > > > > >
> > > > > > mdev_device_remove()
> > > > > > create_store()
> > > > > > mdev_device_create() [...]
> > > > > > device_register()
> > > > > > parent_remove_sysfs_files()
> > > > > > /* BUG: device added by cpu-0
> > > > > > * whose parent is getting removed.
> > > > > > */
> > > > > >
> > > > > > issue-2:
> > > > > > --------
> > > > > > cpu-0 cpu-1
> > > > > > ----- -----
> > > > > > create_store()
> > > > > > mdev_device_create() [...]
> > > > > > device_register()
> > > > > >
> > > > > > [...] mdev_unregister_device()
> > > > > > device_for_each_child()
> > > > > > mdev_device_remove_cb()
> > > > > >
> > > > > > mdev_device_remove()
> > > > > >
> > > > > > mdev_create_sysfs_files()
> > > > > > /* BUG: create is adding
> > > > > > * sysfs files for a device
> > > > > > * which is undergoing removal.
> > > > > > */
> > > > > > parent_remove_sysfs_files()
> > > > > >
> > > > > > 2. Below crash is observed when user initiated remove is in
> > > > > > progress and mdev_unregister_driver() completes parent
> > > unregistration.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > cpu-0 cpu-1
> > > > > > ----- -----
> > > > > > remove_store()
> > > > > > mdev_device_remove()
> > > > > > active = false;
> > > > > > mdev_unregister_device()
> > > > > > remove type
> > > > > > [...]
> > > > > > mdev_remove_ops() crashes.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > This is similar race like create() racing with
> mdev_unregister_device().
> > > > > >
> > > > > > mtty mtty: MDEV: Registered
> > > > > > iommu: Adding device 83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001 to
> > > > > > group
> > > > > > 57 vfio_mdev 83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001: MDEV:
> > > > > > group_id = 57 mtty mtty: MDEV: Unregistering
> > > > > > mtty_dev: Unloaded!
> > > > > > BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at
> > > > > > ffffffffc027d668 PGD
> > > > > > af9818067 P4D af9818067 PUD af981a067 PMD 8583c3067 PTE 0
> > > > > > Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
> > > > > > CPU: 15 PID: 3517 Comm: bash Kdump: loaded Not tainted
> > > > > > 5.0.0-rc7-vdevbus+ #2 Hardware name: Supermicro
> > > > > > SYS-6028U-TR4+/X10DRU-i+, BIOS 2.0b 08/09/2016
> > > > > > RIP: 0010:mdev_device_remove_ops+0x1a/0x50 [mdev] Call Trace:
> > > > > > mdev_device_remove+0xef/0x130 [mdev]
> > > > > > remove_store+0x77/0xa0 [mdev]
> > > > > > kernfs_fop_write+0x113/0x1a0
> > > > > > __vfs_write+0x33/0x1b0
> > > > > > ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0x64/0x70
> > > > > > ? rcu_sync_lockdep_assert+0x2a/0x50 ?
> > > > > > __sb_start_write+0x121/0x1b0 ? vfs_write+0x17c/0x1b0
> > > > > > vfs_write+0xad/0x1b0
> > > > > > ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
> > > > > > ksys_write+0x55/0xc0
> > > > > > do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x210
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Therefore, mdev core is improved to overcome above issues.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Wait for any ongoing mdev create() and remove() to finish
> > > > > > before unregistering parent device using srcu. This continues
> > > > > > to allow multiple create and remove to progress in parallel.
> > > > > > At the same time guard parent removal while parent is being
> > > > > > access by create() and remove
> > > > > callbacks.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > mdev_device_remove() is refactored to not block on srcu when
> > > > > > device is removed as part of parent removal.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Fixes: 7b96953bc640 ("vfio: Mediated device Core driver")
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > > > > > ---
> > > > > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 83
> > > > > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
> > > > > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h | 6 +++
> > > > > > 2 files changed, 77 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > > > > b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c index aefcf34..fa233c8 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > > > > @@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ static void mdev_release_parent(struct kref
> *kref)
> > > > > > ref);
> > > > > > struct device *dev = parent->dev;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > + cleanup_srcu_struct(&parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > > > > kfree(parent);
> > > > > > put_device(dev);
> > > > > > }
> > > > > > @@ -147,10 +148,30 @@ static int
> mdev_device_remove_ops(struct
> > > > > mdev_device *mdev, bool force_remove)
> > > > > > return 0;
> > > > > > }
> > > > > >
> > > > > > +static int mdev_device_remove_common(struct mdev_device
> *mdev,
> > > > > > + bool force_remove)
> > > > > > +{
> > > > > > + struct mdev_type *type;
> > > > > > + int ret;
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > + type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
> > > > >
> > > > > I know you're just moving this into the common function, but I
> > > > > think we're just caching this for aesthetics, the mdev object is
> > > > > still valid after the remove ops and I don't see anything
> > > > > touching this field. If so, maybe we should remove 'type' or at
> > > > > least set it right before it's used so it doesn't appear that
> > > > > we're preserving it before
> > > the remove op.
> > > > >
> > > > Sure, yes.
> > > > Type assignment should be done just before calling
> > > mdev_remove_sysfs_files().
> > > > Will send v2.
> > > >
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > + ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
> > > > > > + if (ret && !force_remove) {
> > > > > > + mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > > > > + mdev->active = true;
> > > > > > + mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > > >
> > > > > The mutex around this is a change from the previous code and I'm
> > > > > not sure it adds anything. If there's a thread testing for
> > > > > active racing with this thread setting active to true, there's
> > > > > no meaningful difference in the result by acquiring the mutex.
> > > > > 'active' may change from false->true during the critical section
> > > > > of the other thread, but I don't think there are any strange out
> > > > > of order things that give the wrong result, the other thread
> > > > > either sees true
> > > or false and continues or exits, regardless of this mutex.
> > > > >
> > > > Yes, I can drop the mutex.
> > > > In future remove sequence fix, this will anyway vanish.
> > > >
> > > > Shall we finish this series with these 7 patches?
> > > > Once you ack it will send v2 for these 7 patches and follow on to
> > > > that we
> > > cleanup the sequencing?
> > >
> > > Do you intend to move the removal of the mdev sanitization loop from
> > > 6/7 to this patch? I don't think we can really claim that what it's
> > > trying to do is unnecessary until after we have the new code here
> > > that prevents the sysfs remove path from running concurrent to the
> > > parent remove path. It's not really related to the changes in 6/7
> > > anyway. In fact, rather than moving that chunk here, it could be
> > > added as a follow-on patch with explanation of why it is now
> > > unnecessary. Thanks,
> > >
> > Device type cannot change from mdev to something else when it was
> invoked by the remove() sysfs cb.
> > Neither it can be something else in parent removal is passes bus
> comparison check.
>
> Hi Parav,
>
> I tried to explain the concern in
> Message-ID: <20190402163309.414c45ad@x1.home> It hinges on the fact
> that
> remove_store() calls device_remove_file_self() before calling
> mdev_device_remove(). Therefore imagine this scenarios:
>
> Thread A Thread B
>
> mdev_device_remove()
> mdev_remove_sysfs_files()
> remove_store()
> device_remove_file_self()
> sysfs_remove_files...
> mdev_device_remove()
> return -EAGAIN
> device_create_file()
> device_unregister()
> mdev_put_parent()
>
> So Thread B recreated a stale sysfs attribute. If it prevents the mdev from
> being released via mdev_device_release() then it will forever be !active and
> calling remove store will continue to error and recreate it. If the mdev does
> get freed, then remove_store() is working with a stale device, which the
> sanitizing loop removed in 6/7 is meant to catch. Therefore, it makes sense
> to me to relocate that loop removal until after we clean up the mess around
> removal.
>
If device gets freed in mdev_device_release(), than remove_store() shouldn't find a valid entry.
Isn't it?

> BTW, I exchanged email with Kirti offline and I think we're in agreement
> around your plans to fix this. The confusion was around whether the vendor
> driver remove callback can be called while the device is still in use, but I
> believe vfio-core will prevent that with the correct bus removal logic in place.
>
Yes. vfio-core waits there. I think I shared the trace of it.
If this mdev is used by non vfio driver, such as mlx5_core, than remove() of the mlx5_core driver will get called, and there it will follow standard PCI bus style forced removal anyway.
So we are good there.

> So where do we stand on this series? I think patches 1-5 look good.
Yes. There were more review-by tags that I guess you need to include.

> Should I incorporate them for v5.2?
Yes. that will be good. So next series can be shorter. :-)

> Patch 6 looks ok, except I'd rather see
> the sanitizing loop stay until we can otherwise fix the race above.
I can put back the sanitizing look, once it looks valid. Will wait for your response.

> Patch 7 needed more work, iirc. Thanks,
For a moment if we assume sanitizing loop exists, than patch-7 looks good?

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