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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: x86: Add Intel CPUID.1F cpuid emulation support
On Wed, Apr 24, 2019 at 09:59:50AM +0800, Like Xu wrote:
> On 2019/4/24 1:44, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> >Right, but isn't the f_intel_pt check for example completely irrelevant?
> >f_intel_pt is true if and only if hardware supports PT, i.e. CPUID.0.EAX
> >and thus entry->eax will already be >=0x14.
>
> The f_intel_pt check is not only about hardware supports check but also
> module_param (pt_mode) supports check.
>
> So the case is the host does have PT support which means (host CPUID.0.EAX
> already be >=0x14 for Intel CPUs) but kvm doesn't want advertise it and thus
> the min() operation is needed.
>
> >
> >I don't fully understand whether or not KVM needs to raise the minimum to
> >0xb regardless of h/w XSAVE support, but it's likely irrelevant in the end.
> >
> >Anyways, back to 0x1f, kvm_supported_intel_mcp() returns true if and only
> >if hardware's CPUID.0.EAX >= 0x1f,
>
> According to latest SDM, the max hardware CPUID.0.EAX is 0x1f and BIOS would
> expose 0x1f only for multi-chip packaging CPUs (at least for now).
>
> >i.e. adjusting entry->eax is always a
> >nop. So if KVM wants to advertise leaf 0x1f only when it's supported in
> >hardware then adjusting entry->eax is unnecessary, and if KVM wants to
> >unconditionally advertise 0x1f then adjusting entry->eax should also be
> >done unconditionally.
>
> It we have no check on kvm_supported_intel_mcp() in legacy code,
> CPUID.0.EAX would be min() and thus less than 0x1f which means the cpuid.1f
> info is not exposed.

Ah crud, I'm an idiot. I just spent two days conflating min() and max().
So yeah, everything makes total sense now. My apologies for wasting your
time, I'll re-review the patch.

>
> I know your point is to avoid min() totally (I thought so at the time) and I
> have pointed out it's necessary for kvm features setting.
>
> If KVM wants to unconditionally advertise 0x1f (in EMULATED way),
> kvm needs cover other side effects and this patch only advertises 0x1f
> when hardware has it.
>
> It's very common that guest wants to set 0x1f regardless of h/w support
> and this is another story.
>
> >
> >>>Given that the original code
> >>>was "entry->eax = min(entry->eax, (u32)0xb);", my *guess* is that the
> >>>idea was to always report "Extended Topology Enumeration Leaf" as
> >>>supported so that userspace can enumerate the VM's topology to the guest
> >>>even when hardware itself doesn't do so.
> >>
> >>If the host cpu mode is too antiquated to support 0xb, it wouldn't report
> >>0xb for sure. The host cpuid.0.eax has been over 0xb for a long time and
> >>reached 0x1f in the latest SDM.
> >>
> >>AFAICT, the original code keeps minimum cpuid.0.eax out of features guest
> >>just used or at least it claimed to use.
> >>
> >>>
> >>>Assuming we want to allow userspace to use "V2 Extended Topology
> >>>Enumeration Leaf" regardless of hardware support, then this can simply be:
> >>>
> >>> entry->eax = min(entry->eax, (u32)0x1f);
> >>>
> >>>Or am I completely missing something?
> >
>

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