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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] Input: uinput: Avoid Object-Already-Free with a global lock
On Wed, Apr 24, 2019 at 05:40:40PM +0530, Mukesh Ojha wrote:
>
> Al,
>
> i tried to put traceprintk inside ioctl after fdget and fdput on a simple
> call of open  => ioctl => close

in a loop, and multithreaded, presumably?

> on /dev/uinput.
>
>           uinput-532   [002] ....    45.312044: SYSC_ioctl: 2     <= f_count
> >    <After fdget()
>           uinput-532   [002] ....    45.312055: SYSC_ioctl: 2           
> <After fdput()
>           uinput-532   [004] ....    45.313766: uinput_open: uinput: 1
>           uinput-532   [004] ....    45.313783: SYSC_ioctl: 1
>           uinput-532   [004] ....    45.313788: uinput_ioctl_handler:
> uinput: uinput_ioctl_handler, 1
>           uinput-532   [004] ....    45.313835: SYSC_ioctl: 1
>           uinput-532   [004] ....    45.313843: uinput_release: uinput:  0
>
>
> So while a ioctl is running the f_count is 1, so a fput could be run and do
> atomic_long_dec_and_test
> this could call release right ?

Look at ksys_ioctl():
int ksys_ioctl(unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
int error;
struct fd f = fdget(fd);
an error or refcount bumped
if (!f.file)
return -EBADF;
not an error, then. We know that ->release() won't be called
until we drop the reference we've just acquired.
error = security_file_ioctl(f.file, cmd, arg);
if (!error)
error = do_vfs_ioctl(f.file, fd, cmd, arg);
... and we are done with calling ->ioctl(), so
fdput(f);
... we drop the reference we'd acquired.

Seeing refcount 1 inside ->ioctl() is possible, all right:

CPU1: ioctl(2) resolves fd to struct file *, refcount 2
CPU2: close(2) rips struct file * from descriptor table and does fput() to drop it;
refcount reaches 1 and fput() is done; no call of ->release() yet.
CPU1: we get arouund to ->ioctl(), where your trace sees refcount 1
CPU1: done with ->ioctl(), drop our reference. *NOW* refcount gets to 0, and
->release() is called.

IOW, in your trace fput() has already been run by close(2); having somebody else
do that again while we are in ->ioctl() would be a bug (to start with, where
did they get that struct file * and why wasn't that reference contributing to
struct file refcount?)

In all cases we only call ->release() once all references gone - both
the one(s) in descriptor tables and any transient ones acquired by
fdget(), etc.

I would really like to see a reproducer for the original use-after-free report...

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