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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] lib: add __sysfs_match_string_with_gaps() helper
On Tue, 23 Apr 2019 06:38:44 +0000
"Ardelean, Alexandru" <alexandru.Ardelean@analog.com> wrote:

> On Mon, 2019-04-22 at 23:06 +0200, Greg KH wrote:
> >
> >
> > On Mon, Apr 22, 2019 at 11:32:56AM +0300, Alexandru Ardelean wrote:
> > > This helper is similar to __sysfs_match_string() with the exception
> > > that it
> > > ignores NULL elements within the array.
> >
> > sysfs is "one value per file", why are you trying to write multiple
> > things on a single line to a single sysfs file?
> >
> > Is IIO really that messy? :)
> >
>
> Hmm, I don't think I understood the comment/question, or maybe I did not
> formulate the comment properly.
>
> Maybe Jonathan can pitch-in here if I'm saying something wrong.
>
> So, in IIO there is `struct iio_enum` which is essentially a sysfs wrapper
> for exposing an "enum" type to userspace via sysfs (which takes only one
> value). This iio_enum type is basically a string-to-int mapping.

>
> Some example in C:
>
> enum {
> ENUM0,
> ENUM1,
> ENUM5 = 5,
> ENUM6,
> ENUM7
> };
>
>
> /* Notice the gaps in the elements */
> static const char * const item_strings[] = {
> [ENUM0] = "mode0",
> [ENUM1] = "mode1",
> [ENUM5] = "mode5",
> [ENUM6] = "mode6",
> [ENUM7] = "mode7",
> };
>
> static const struct iio_enum iio_enum1 = {
> .items = item_strings,
> .num_items = ARRAY_SIZE(item_strings),
> .set = iio_enum1_set,
> .get = iio_enum1_get,
> };
>
>
> The signature of the iio_enum1_set / iio_enum1_get is below:
>
> static int iio_enum1_set(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> const struct iio_chan_spec *chan, unsigned int val);
>
> static int iio_enum1_get(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> const struct iio_chan_spec *chan)
>
>
> IIO core resolves the string-to-int mapping.
> It uses __sysfs_match_string() to do that, but it requires that the list of
> strings (and C enums) be contiguous.
> This change [and V2 of this patch] introduces a
> __sysfs_match_string_with_gaps() helper that ignores gaps (represented as
> NULLs).
>
> For reference, __sysfs_match_string() returns -EINVAL on the first NULL in
> the array of strings (regardless of the given array size).
>
> __sysfs_match_string_with_gaps() is typically helpful when C enums refer to
> bitfields, or have some equivalence in HW.
>

You have described it well.
Perhaps the issue is in the naming? Or more description is needed for the original
patch.

It's worth highlighting that the current help text for
__sysfs_match_string has a description that says:

/**
* __sysfs_match_string - matches given string in an array
* @array: array of strings
* @n: number of strings in the array or -1 for NULL terminated arrays
* @str: string to match with
*
* Returns index of @str in the @array or -EINVAL, just like match_string().
* Uses sysfs_streq instead of strcmp for matching.
*/

so one could argue that if you pass a value of n which is not -1 the function
should not assume that any NULL terminates the array...

So basically this new function is implementing what I would have assumed
__sysfs_match_string would do, but doesn't.

Jonathan



> Thanks
> Alex
>
> > thanks,
> >
> > greg k-h


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