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SubjectRe: [Resend] arch: mips: Fix initrd_start and initrd_end when read from DT
Hi Paul,

Thank you for your detail explanation. There are few observations below.

The 04/19/2019 20:55, Paul Burton wrote:
> External E-Mail
>
>
> Hi Horatiu,
>
> On Tue, Apr 16, 2019 at 12:18:20PM +0200, Horatiu Vultur wrote:
> > When the bootloader passes arguments to linux kernel through device tree,
> > it passes the address of initrd_start and initrd_stop, which are in kseg0.
> > But when linux kernel reads these addresses from device tree, it converts
> > them to virtual addresses inside the function
> > __early_init_dt_declare_initrd.
>
> I'm not sure I follow - if the bootloader provides an address in kseg0
> then it's already a virtual address.

So I am just a novice in this, but in my case the bootloader(Uboot) passes
the address in kseg0(e.g 0x9f8a6000), but if I understand correctly
this is just cached access to location 0x1f8a6000.

>
> It looks like __early_init_dt_declare_initrd expects the DT to provide
> physical addresses, which fits in well with the fact that DTs generally
> use physical addresses for everything else.
>
> __early_init_dt_declare_initrd calling __va on a virtual address will
> give you something bogus, and it looks like you're just cancelling this
> out below. In practice for a typical system where PAGE_OFFSET is the
> start of kseg0 (0x80000000) the bogus address you get will happen to be
> the same as the physical address, but that's not guaranteed.
>
> > At a later point then in the function init_initrd, it is checking for
> > initrd_start to be lower than PAGE_OFFSET, which for a 32 CPU it is not,
> > therefore it would disable the initrd by setting 0 to initrd_start and
> > initrd_stop.
>
> The check you mention here is to make sure initrd_start looks like a
> virtual address - if it's lower than PAGE_OFFSET (typically 0x80000000)
> then it looks bad & initrd is disabled. I think your comment is
> backwards - what you have is a physical address, entirely by accident,
> and you're converting it back to a virtual address again by accident
> which keeps the check happy.

I am a little bit confused here. so the initrd_start has to have a
virtual address(in kseg0) inside the function init_initrd. Meaning that
when the bootloader passes the arguments to linux through a command line,
then initrd_start has to be already a virtual address? Because I
couldn't see a place where it converts the initrd_start. But when the
bootloader pass the arguments through DT it has to be physical address?

>
> > The fix consists of checking if linux kernel received a device tree and not
> > having enable extended virtual address and in that case convert them back
> > to physical addresses that point in kseg0 as expected.
>
> Can you instead just have your bootloader provide physical addresses in
> the DT?

Yes, I have done few tests and it seems to work fine, but I need to
understand it better.

>
> Even if we were to have this code try to sanitize the value with
> something like __va(__pa(initrd_start)), it only covers systems using
> the UHI boot protocol which isn't the only way we can obtain a DT. If a
> system builds in its DTB for example it'll get different behaviour to if
> it's passed via the UHI protocol by the bootloader.
>
> Thanks,
> Paul
>
> > Signed-off-by: Horatiu Vultur <horatiu.vultur@microchip.com>
> > ---
> > arch/mips/kernel/setup.c | 11 +++++++++++
> > 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c b/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c
> > index 8d1dc6c..774ee00 100644
> > --- a/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c
> > +++ b/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c
> > @@ -264,6 +264,17 @@ static unsigned long __init init_initrd(void)
> > pr_err("initrd start must be page aligned\n");
> > goto disable;
> > }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * In case the initrd_start and initrd_end are read from DT,
> > + * then they are converted to virtual address, therefore convert
> > + * them back to physical address.
> > + */
> > + if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EVA) && fw_arg0 == -2) {
> > + initrd_start = initrd_start - PAGE_OFFSET + PHYS_OFFSET;
> > + initrd_end = initrd_end - PAGE_OFFSET + PHYS_OFFSET;
> > + }
> > +
> > if (initrd_start < PAGE_OFFSET) {
> > pr_err("initrd start < PAGE_OFFSET\n");
> > goto disable;
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >
>

--
/Horatiu

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