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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] virtio_ring: Use DMA API if guest memory is encrypted
On Wed, Apr 24, 2019 at 10:01:56PM -0300, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
>
> Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> writes:
>
> > On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 06:42:00PM -0300, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
> >>
> >> Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> writes:
> >>
> >> > On Thu, Mar 21, 2019 at 09:05:04PM -0300, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
> >> >>
> >> >> Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> writes:
> >> >>
> >> >> > On Wed, Mar 20, 2019 at 01:13:41PM -0300, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
> >> >> >> >From what I understand of the ACCESS_PLATFORM definition, the host will
> >> >> >> only ever try to access memory addresses that are supplied to it by the
> >> >> >> guest, so all of the secure guest memory that the host cares about is
> >> >> >> accessible:
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> If this feature bit is set to 0, then the device has same access to
> >> >> >> memory addresses supplied to it as the driver has. In particular,
> >> >> >> the device will always use physical addresses matching addresses
> >> >> >> used by the driver (typically meaning physical addresses used by the
> >> >> >> CPU) and not translated further, and can access any address supplied
> >> >> >> to it by the driver. When clear, this overrides any
> >> >> >> platform-specific description of whether device access is limited or
> >> >> >> translated in any way, e.g. whether an IOMMU may be present.
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> All of the above is true for POWER guests, whether they are secure
> >> >> >> guests or not.
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> Or are you saying that a virtio device may want to access memory
> >> >> >> addresses that weren't supplied to it by the driver?
> >> >> >
> >> >> > Your logic would apply to IOMMUs as well. For your mode, there are
> >> >> > specific encrypted memory regions that driver has access to but device
> >> >> > does not. that seems to violate the constraint.
> >> >>
> >> >> Right, if there's a pre-configured 1:1 mapping in the IOMMU such that
> >> >> the device can ignore the IOMMU for all practical purposes I would
> >> >> indeed say that the logic would apply to IOMMUs as well. :-)
> >> >>
> >> >> I guess I'm still struggling with the purpose of signalling to the
> >> >> driver that the host may not have access to memory addresses that it
> >> >> will never try to access.
> >> >
> >> > For example, one of the benefits is to signal to host that driver does
> >> > not expect ability to access all memory. If it does, host can
> >> > fail initialization gracefully.
> >>
> >> But why would the ability to access all memory be necessary or even
> >> useful? When would the host access memory that the driver didn't tell it
> >> to access?
> >
> > When I say all memory I mean even memory not allowed by the IOMMU.
>
> Yes, but why? How is that memory relevant?

It's relevant when driver is not trusted to only supply correct
addresses. The feature was originally designed to support userspace
drivers within guests.

> >> >> >> >> > But the name "sev_active" makes me scared because at least AMD guys who
> >> >> >> >> > were doing the sensible thing and setting ACCESS_PLATFORM
> >> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> >> My understanding is, AMD guest-platform knows in advance that their
> >> >> >> >> guest will run in secure mode and hence sets the flag at the time of VM
> >> >> >> >> instantiation. Unfortunately we dont have that luxury on our platforms.
> >> >> >> >
> >> >> >> > Well you do have that luxury. It looks like that there are existing
> >> >> >> > guests that already acknowledge ACCESS_PLATFORM and you are not happy
> >> >> >> > with how that path is slow. So you are trying to optimize for
> >> >> >> > them by clearing ACCESS_PLATFORM and then you have lost ability
> >> >> >> > to invoke DMA API.
> >> >> >> >
> >> >> >> > For example if there was another flag just like ACCESS_PLATFORM
> >> >> >> > just not yet used by anyone, you would be all fine using that right?
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> Yes, a new flag sounds like a great idea. What about the definition
> >> >> >> below?
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM_NO_IOMMU This feature has the same meaning as
> >> >> >> VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM both when set and when not set, with the
> >> >> >> exception that the IOMMU is explicitly defined to be off or bypassed
> >> >> >> when accessing memory addresses supplied to the device by the
> >> >> >> driver. This flag should be set by the guest if offered, but to
> >> >> >> allow for backward-compatibility device implementations allow for it
> >> >> >> to be left unset by the guest. It is an error to set both this flag
> >> >> >> and VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > It looks kind of narrow but it's an option.
> >> >>
> >> >> Great!
> >> >>
> >> >> > I wonder how we'll define what's an iommu though.
> >> >>
> >> >> Hm, it didn't occur to me it could be an issue. I'll try.
> >>
> >> I rephrased it in terms of address translation. What do you think of
> >> this version? The flag name is slightly different too:
> >>
> >>
> >> VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM_NO_TRANSLATION This feature has the same
> >> meaning as VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM both when set and when not set,
> >> with the exception that address translation is guaranteed to be
> >> unnecessary when accessing memory addresses supplied to the device
> >> by the driver. Which is to say, the device will always use physical
> >> addresses matching addresses used by the driver (typically meaning
> >> physical addresses used by the CPU) and not translated further. This
> >> flag should be set by the guest if offered, but to allow for
> >> backward-compatibility device implementations allow for it to be
> >> left unset by the guest. It is an error to set both this flag and
> >> VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM.
> >
> > Thanks, I'll think about this approach. Will respond next week.
>
> Thanks!
>
> >> >> > Another idea is maybe something like virtio-iommu?
> >> >>
> >> >> You mean, have legacy guests use virtio-iommu to request an IOMMU
> >> >> bypass? If so, it's an interesting idea for new guests but it doesn't
> >> >> help with guests that are out today in the field, which don't have A
> >> >> virtio-iommu driver.
> >> >
> >> > I presume legacy guests don't use encrypted memory so why do we
> >> > worry about them at all?
> >>
> >> They don't use encrypted memory, but a host machine will run a mix of
> >> secure and legacy guests. And since the hypervisor doesn't know whether
> >> a guest will be secure or not at the time it is launched, legacy guests
> >> will have to be launched with the same configuration as secure guests.
> >
> > OK and so I think the issue is that hosts generally fail if they set
> > ACCESS_PLATFORM and guests do not negotiate it.
> > So you can not just set ACCESS_PLATFORM for everyone.
> > Is that the issue here?
>
> Yes, that is one half of the issue. The other is that even if hosts
> didn't fail, existing legacy guests wouldn't "take the initiative" of
> not negotiating ACCESS_PLATFORM to get the improved performance. They'd
> have to be modified to do that.

So there's a non-encrypted guest, hypervisor wants to set
ACCESS_PLATFORM to allow encrypted guests but that will slow down legacy
guests since their vIOMMU emulation is very slow.

So enabling support for encryption slows down non-encrypted guests. Not
great but not the end of the world, considering even older guests that
don't support ACCESS_PLATFORM are completely broken and you do not seem
to be too worried by that.

For future non-encrypted guests, bypassing the emulated IOMMU for when
that emulated IOMMU is very slow might be solvable in some other way,
e.g. with virtio-iommu. Which reminds me, could you look at
virtio-iommu as a solution for some of the issues?
Review of that patchset from that POV would be appreciated.

> --
> Thiago Jung Bauermann
> IBM Linux Technology Center

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