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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 10/63] Documentation: ACPI: move initrd_table_override.txt to admin-guide/acpi and convert to reST
On Tue, Apr 23, 2019 at 06:07:34PM -0300, Mauro Carvalho Chehab wrote:
> Em Wed, 24 Apr 2019 00:28:39 +0800
> Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com> escreveu:
>
> > This converts the plain text documentation to reStructuredText format and
> > add it to Sphinx TOC tree. No essential content change.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > Documentation/acpi/initrd_table_override.txt | 111 ----------------
> > Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/index.rst | 1 +
> > .../acpi/initrd_table_override.rst | 120 ++++++++++++++++++
> > 3 files changed, 121 insertions(+), 111 deletions(-)
> > delete mode 100644 Documentation/acpi/initrd_table_override.txt
> > create mode 100644 Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/initrd_table_override.rst
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/acpi/initrd_table_override.txt b/Documentation/acpi/initrd_table_override.txt
> > deleted file mode 100644
> > index 30437a6db373..000000000000
> > --- a/Documentation/acpi/initrd_table_override.txt
> > +++ /dev/null
> > @@ -1,111 +0,0 @@
> > -Upgrading ACPI tables via initrd
> > -================================
> > -
> > -1) Introduction (What is this about)
> > -2) What is this for
> > -3) How does it work
> > -4) References (Where to retrieve userspace tools)
> > -
> > -1) What is this about
> > ----------------------
> > -
> > -If the ACPI_TABLE_UPGRADE compile option is true, it is possible to
> > -upgrade the ACPI execution environment that is defined by the ACPI tables
> > -via upgrading the ACPI tables provided by the BIOS with an instrumented,
> > -modified, more recent version one, or installing brand new ACPI tables.
> > -
> > -When building initrd with kernel in a single image, option
> > -ACPI_TABLE_OVERRIDE_VIA_BUILTIN_INITRD should also be true for this
> > -feature to work.
> > -
> > -For a full list of ACPI tables that can be upgraded/installed, take a look
> > -at the char *table_sigs[MAX_ACPI_SIGNATURE]; definition in
> > -drivers/acpi/tables.c.
> > -All ACPI tables iasl (Intel's ACPI compiler and disassembler) knows should
> > -be overridable, except:
> > - - ACPI_SIG_RSDP (has a signature of 6 bytes)
> > - - ACPI_SIG_FACS (does not have an ordinary ACPI table header)
> > -Both could get implemented as well.
> > -
> > -
> > -2) What is this for
> > --------------------
> > -
> > -Complain to your platform/BIOS vendor if you find a bug which is so severe
> > -that a workaround is not accepted in the Linux kernel. And this facility
> > -allows you to upgrade the buggy tables before your platform/BIOS vendor
> > -releases an upgraded BIOS binary.
> > -
> > -This facility can be used by platform/BIOS vendors to provide a Linux
> > -compatible environment without modifying the underlying platform firmware.
> > -
> > -This facility also provides a powerful feature to easily debug and test
> > -ACPI BIOS table compatibility with the Linux kernel by modifying old
> > -platform provided ACPI tables or inserting new ACPI tables.
> > -
> > -It can and should be enabled in any kernel because there is no functional
> > -change with not instrumented initrds.
> > -
> > -
> > -3) How does it work
> > --------------------
> > -
> > -# Extract the machine's ACPI tables:
> > -cd /tmp
> > -acpidump >acpidump
> > -acpixtract -a acpidump
> > -# Disassemble, modify and recompile them:
> > -iasl -d *.dat
> > -# For example add this statement into a _PRT (PCI Routing Table) function
> > -# of the DSDT:
> > -Store("HELLO WORLD", debug)
> > -# And increase the OEM Revision. For example, before modification:
> > -DefinitionBlock ("DSDT.aml", "DSDT", 2, "INTEL ", "TEMPLATE", 0x00000000)
> > -# After modification:
> > -DefinitionBlock ("DSDT.aml", "DSDT", 2, "INTEL ", "TEMPLATE", 0x00000001)
> > -iasl -sa dsdt.dsl
> > -# Add the raw ACPI tables to an uncompressed cpio archive.
> > -# They must be put into a /kernel/firmware/acpi directory inside the cpio
> > -# archive. Note that if the table put here matches a platform table
> > -# (similar Table Signature, and similar OEMID, and similar OEM Table ID)
> > -# with a more recent OEM Revision, the platform table will be upgraded by
> > -# this table. If the table put here doesn't match a platform table
> > -# (dissimilar Table Signature, or dissimilar OEMID, or dissimilar OEM Table
> > -# ID), this table will be appended.
> > -mkdir -p kernel/firmware/acpi
> > -cp dsdt.aml kernel/firmware/acpi
> > -# A maximum of "NR_ACPI_INITRD_TABLES (64)" tables are currently allowed
> > -# (see osl.c):
> > -iasl -sa facp.dsl
> > -iasl -sa ssdt1.dsl
> > -cp facp.aml kernel/firmware/acpi
> > -cp ssdt1.aml kernel/firmware/acpi
> > -# The uncompressed cpio archive must be the first. Other, typically
> > -# compressed cpio archives, must be concatenated on top of the uncompressed
> > -# one. Following command creates the uncompressed cpio archive and
> > -# concatenates the original initrd on top:
> > -find kernel | cpio -H newc --create > /boot/instrumented_initrd
> > -cat /boot/initrd >>/boot/instrumented_initrd
> > -# reboot with increased acpi debug level, e.g. boot params:
> > -acpi.debug_level=0x2 acpi.debug_layer=0xFFFFFFFF
> > -# and check your syslog:
> > -[ 1.268089] ACPI: PCI Interrupt Routing Table [\_SB_.PCI0._PRT]
> > -[ 1.272091] [ACPI Debug] String [0x0B] "HELLO WORLD"
> > -
> > -iasl is able to disassemble and recompile quite a lot different,
> > -also static ACPI tables.
> > -
> > -
> > -4) Where to retrieve userspace tools
> > -------------------------------------
> > -
> > -iasl and acpixtract are part of Intel's ACPICA project:
> > -http://acpica.org/
> > -and should be packaged by distributions (for example in the acpica package
> > -on SUSE).
> > -
> > -acpidump can be found in Len Browns pmtools:
> > -ftp://kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/lenb/acpi/utils/pmtools/acpidump
> > -This tool is also part of the acpica package on SUSE.
> > -Alternatively, used ACPI tables can be retrieved via sysfs in latest kernels:
> > -/sys/firmware/acpi/tables
> > diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/index.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/index.rst
> > index 3e041206089d..09e4e81e4fb7 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/index.rst
> > +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/index.rst
> > @@ -8,3 +8,4 @@ the Linux ACPI support.
> > .. toctree::
> > :maxdepth: 1
> >
> > + initrd_table_override
> > diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/initrd_table_override.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/initrd_table_override.rst
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..0787b2b91ded
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/acpi/initrd_table_override.rst
> > @@ -0,0 +1,120 @@
> > +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +================================
> > +Upgrading ACPI tables via initrd
> > +================================
> > +
> > +1) Introduction (What is this about)
> > +2) What is this for
> > +3) How does it work
> > +4) References (Where to retrieve userspace tools)
>
> Hmm... I did the same on my conversion, but IMO, the best would be to
> hide (or remove, if ACPI maintainers agree) the contents, as this may
> conflict with the body as people may add new stuff and forget to
> update it.
>
> So, if ACPI maintainers insist on keeping it, I would code this as:
>
> .. Contents
>
> 1) Introduction (What is this about)
> 2) What is this for
> 3) How does it work
> 4) References (Where to retrieve userspace tools)
>
> as this will make this invisible on html/pdf/epub output.
>
I just removed it. If anyone wants it back, please comment. Thanks.

> Anyway, with or without the above change:
>
> Reviewed-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
>
> > +
> > +1) What is this about
> > +=====================
> > +
> > +If the ACPI_TABLE_UPGRADE compile option is true, it is possible to
> > +upgrade the ACPI execution environment that is defined by the ACPI tables
> > +via upgrading the ACPI tables provided by the BIOS with an instrumented,
> > +modified, more recent version one, or installing brand new ACPI tables.
> > +
> > +When building initrd with kernel in a single image, option
> > +ACPI_TABLE_OVERRIDE_VIA_BUILTIN_INITRD should also be true for this
> > +feature to work.
> > +
> > +For a full list of ACPI tables that can be upgraded/installed, take a look
> > +at the char `*table_sigs[MAX_ACPI_SIGNATURE];` definition in
> > +drivers/acpi/tables.c.
> > +
> > +All ACPI tables iasl (Intel's ACPI compiler and disassembler) knows should
> > +be overridable, except:
> > +
> > + - ACPI_SIG_RSDP (has a signature of 6 bytes)
> > + - ACPI_SIG_FACS (does not have an ordinary ACPI table header)
> > +
> > +Both could get implemented as well.
> > +
> > +
> > +2) What is this for
> > +===================
> > +
> > +Complain to your platform/BIOS vendor if you find a bug which is so severe
> > +that a workaround is not accepted in the Linux kernel. And this facility
> > +allows you to upgrade the buggy tables before your platform/BIOS vendor
> > +releases an upgraded BIOS binary.
> > +
> > +This facility can be used by platform/BIOS vendors to provide a Linux
> > +compatible environment without modifying the underlying platform firmware.
> > +
> > +This facility also provides a powerful feature to easily debug and test
> > +ACPI BIOS table compatibility with the Linux kernel by modifying old
> > +platform provided ACPI tables or inserting new ACPI tables.
> > +
> > +It can and should be enabled in any kernel because there is no functional
> > +change with not instrumented initrds.
> > +
> > +
> > +3) How does it work
> > +===================
> > +::
> > +
> > + # Extract the machine's ACPI tables:
> > + cd /tmp
> > + acpidump >acpidump
> > + acpixtract -a acpidump
> > + # Disassemble, modify and recompile them:
> > + iasl -d *.dat
> > + # For example add this statement into a _PRT (PCI Routing Table) function
> > + # of the DSDT:
> > + Store("HELLO WORLD", debug)
> > + # And increase the OEM Revision. For example, before modification:
> > + DefinitionBlock ("DSDT.aml", "DSDT", 2, "INTEL ", "TEMPLATE", 0x00000000)
> > + # After modification:
> > + DefinitionBlock ("DSDT.aml", "DSDT", 2, "INTEL ", "TEMPLATE", 0x00000001)
> > + iasl -sa dsdt.dsl
> > + # Add the raw ACPI tables to an uncompressed cpio archive.
> > + # They must be put into a /kernel/firmware/acpi directory inside the cpio
> > + # archive. Note that if the table put here matches a platform table
> > + # (similar Table Signature, and similar OEMID, and similar OEM Table ID)
> > + # with a more recent OEM Revision, the platform table will be upgraded by
> > + # this table. If the table put here doesn't match a platform table
> > + # (dissimilar Table Signature, or dissimilar OEMID, or dissimilar OEM Table
> > + # ID), this table will be appended.
> > + mkdir -p kernel/firmware/acpi
> > + cp dsdt.aml kernel/firmware/acpi
> > + # A maximum of "NR_ACPI_INITRD_TABLES (64)" tables are currently allowed
> > + # (see osl.c):
> > + iasl -sa facp.dsl
> > + iasl -sa ssdt1.dsl
> > + cp facp.aml kernel/firmware/acpi
> > + cp ssdt1.aml kernel/firmware/acpi
> > + # The uncompressed cpio archive must be the first. Other, typically
> > + # compressed cpio archives, must be concatenated on top of the uncompressed
> > + # one. Following command creates the uncompressed cpio archive and
> > + # concatenates the original initrd on top:
> > + find kernel | cpio -H newc --create > /boot/instrumented_initrd
> > + cat /boot/initrd >>/boot/instrumented_initrd
> > + # reboot with increased acpi debug level, e.g. boot params:
> > + acpi.debug_level=0x2 acpi.debug_layer=0xFFFFFFFF
> > + # and check your syslog:
> > + [ 1.268089] ACPI: PCI Interrupt Routing Table [\_SB_.PCI0._PRT]
> > + [ 1.272091] [ACPI Debug] String [0x0B] "HELLO WORLD"
> > +
> > +iasl is able to disassemble and recompile quite a lot different,
> > +also static ACPI tables.
> > +
> > +
> > +4) Where to retrieve userspace tools
> > +====================================
> > +
> > +iasl and acpixtract are part of Intel's ACPICA project:
> > +http://acpica.org/
> > +
> > +and should be packaged by distributions (for example in the acpica package
> > +on SUSE).
> > +
> > +acpidump can be found in Len Browns pmtools:
> > +ftp://kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/lenb/acpi/utils/pmtools/acpidump
> > +
> > +This tool is also part of the acpica package on SUSE.
> > +Alternatively, used ACPI tables can be retrieved via sysfs in latest kernels:
> > +/sys/firmware/acpi/tables
>
>
>
> Thanks,
> Mauro

--
Cheers,
Changbin Du

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