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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: x86: Add Intel CPUID.1F cpuid emulation support
On Tue, Apr 23, 2019 at 11:23:59AM +0800, Like Xu wrote:
> On 2019/4/23 2:35, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> >> #define F(x) bit(X86_FEATURE_##x)
> >> int kvm_update_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> >>@@ -426,6 +436,7 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> >> switch (function) {
> >> case 0:
> >> entry->eax = min(entry->eax, (u32)(f_intel_pt ? 0x14 : 0xd));
> >>+ entry->eax = kvm_supported_intel_mcp() ? 0x1f : entry->eax;
> >
> >This all seems unnecessary. And by 'all', I mean the existing Intel PT
> >and XSAVE leaf checks, as well as the new mcp check. entry->eax comes
> >directly from hardware, and unless I missed something, PT and XSAVE are
> >only exposed to the guest when they're supported in hardware. In other
> >words, KVM will never need to adjust entry->eax to expose PT or XSAVE.
>
> We call this function for both case KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID and
> KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID although kvm user could reconfig them via
> KVM_SET_CPUID* path.

Not that it matters, but __do_cpuid_ent() is only used for the non-emulated
case, KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID goes to __do_cpuid_ent_emulated().

> >The original min() check was added by commit 0771671749b5 ("KVM: Enhance
> >guest cpuid management"), which doesn't provide any explicit information
> >on why KVM does min() in the first place.
>
> Exposing cpuid.0.eax in a blind way (with host hardware support)
> is not a good practice for guest migration and improves compatibility
> requirements.

Right, but isn't the f_intel_pt check for example completely irrelevant?
f_intel_pt is true if and only if hardware supports PT, i.e. CPUID.0.EAX
and thus entry->eax will already be >=0x14.

I don't fully understand whether or not KVM needs to raise the minimum to
0xb regardless of h/w XSAVE support, but it's likely irrelevant in the end.

Anyways, back to 0x1f, kvm_supported_intel_mcp() returns true if and only
if hardware's CPUID.0.EAX >= 0x1f, i.e. adjusting entry->eax is always a
nop. So if KVM wants to advertise leaf 0x1f only when it's supported in
hardware then adjusting entry->eax is unnecessary, and if KVM wants to
unconditionally advertise 0x1f then adjusting entry->eax should also be
done unconditionally.

> >Given that the original code
> >was "entry->eax = min(entry->eax, (u32)0xb);", my *guess* is that the
> >idea was to always report "Extended Topology Enumeration Leaf" as
> >supported so that userspace can enumerate the VM's topology to the guest
> >even when hardware itself doesn't do so.
>
> If the host cpu mode is too antiquated to support 0xb, it wouldn't report
> 0xb for sure. The host cpuid.0.eax has been over 0xb for a long time and
> reached 0x1f in the latest SDM.
>
> AFAICT, the original code keeps minimum cpuid.0.eax out of features guest
> just used or at least it claimed to use.
>
> >
> >Assuming we want to allow userspace to use "V2 Extended Topology
> >Enumeration Leaf" regardless of hardware support, then this can simply be:
> >
> > entry->eax = min(entry->eax, (u32)0x1f);
> >
> >Or am I completely missing something?

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