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Subject[PATCH v4 61/63] Documentation: x86: convert x86_64/fake-numa-for-cpusets to reST
This converts the plain text documentation to reStructuredText format and
add it to Sphinx TOC tree. No essential content change.

Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <>
...a-for-cpusets => fake-numa-for-cpusets.rst} | 18 +++++++++++++-----
Documentation/x86/x86_64/index.rst | 1 +
2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
rename Documentation/x86/x86_64/{fake-numa-for-cpusets => fake-numa-for-cpusets.rst} (90%)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/fake-numa-for-cpusets b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/fake-numa-for-cpusets.rst
similarity index 90%
rename from Documentation/x86/x86_64/fake-numa-for-cpusets
rename to Documentation/x86/x86_64/fake-numa-for-cpusets.rst
index 4b09f18831f8..3c23f45d38f6 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/fake-numa-for-cpusets
+++ b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/fake-numa-for-cpusets.rst
@@ -1,5 +1,12 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+Fake NUMA For CPUSets
+:Author: David Rientjes <>
Using numa=fake and CPUSets for Resource Management
-Written by David Rientjes <>

This document describes how the numa=fake x86_64 command-line option can be used
in conjunction with cpusets for coarse memory management. Using this feature,
@@ -20,7 +27,7 @@ you become more familiar with using this combination for resource control,
you'll determine a better setup to minimize the number of nodes you have to deal

-A machine may be split as follows with "numa=fake=4*512," as reported by dmesg:
+A machine may be split as follows with "numa=fake=4*512," as reported by dmesg::

Faking node 0 at 0000000000000000-0000000020000000 (512MB)
Faking node 1 at 0000000020000000-0000000040000000 (512MB)
@@ -34,7 +41,7 @@ A machine may be split as follows with "numa=fake=4*512," as reported by dmesg:

Now following the instructions for mounting the cpusets filesystem from
Documentation/cgroup-v1/cpusets.txt, you can assign fake nodes (i.e. contiguous memory
-address spaces) to individual cpusets:
+address spaces) to individual cpusets::

[root@xroads /]# mkdir exampleset
[root@xroads /]# mount -t cpuset none exampleset
@@ -47,7 +54,7 @@ Now this cpuset, 'ddset', will only allowed access to fake nodes 0 and 1 for
memory allocations (1G).

You can now assign tasks to these cpusets to limit the memory resources
-available to them according to the fake nodes assigned as mems:
+available to them according to the fake nodes assigned as mems::

[root@xroads /exampleset/ddset]# echo $$ > tasks
[root@xroads /exampleset/ddset]# dd if=/dev/zero of=tmp bs=1024 count=1G
@@ -56,7 +63,8 @@ available to them according to the fake nodes assigned as mems:
Notice the difference between the system memory usage as reported by
/proc/meminfo between the restricted cpuset case above and the unrestricted
case (i.e. running the same 'dd' command without assigning it to a fake NUMA
Unrestricted Restricted
MemTotal: 3091900 kB 3091900 kB
MemFree: 42113 kB 1513236 kB
diff --git a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/index.rst b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/index.rst
index 7b8c82151358..e2a324cde671 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/index.rst
@@ -11,3 +11,4 @@ x86_64 Support
+ fake-numa-for-cpusets
 \ /
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