lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Apr]   [23]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] reiserfs: Force type conversion in xattr_hash
On Sun, Apr 21, 2019 at 06:02:35PM +0100, Al Viro wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 18, 2019 at 03:50:19PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > On Wed, 17 Apr 2019 17:22:00 +0530 Bharath Vedartham <linux.bhar@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > > This patch fixes the sparse warning:
> > >
> > > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: warning: incorrect type in return
> > > expression (different base types)
> > > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: expected unsigned int
> > > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: got restricted __wsum
> > > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: warning: incorrect type in return
> > > expression (different base types)
> > > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: expected unsigned int
> > > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: got restricted __wsum
> > >
> > > csum_partial returns restricted integer __wsum whereas xattr_hash
> > > expects a return type of __u32.
> > >
> > > ...
> > >
> > > --- a/fs/reiserfs/xattr.c
> > > +++ b/fs/reiserfs/xattr.c
> > > @@ -450,7 +450,7 @@ static struct page *reiserfs_get_page(struct inode *dir, size_t n)
> > >
> > > static inline __u32 xattr_hash(const char *msg, int len)
> > > {
> > > - return csum_partial(msg, len, 0);
> > > + return (__force __u32)csum_partial(msg, len, 0);
> > > }
> > >
> > > int reiserfs_commit_write(struct file *f, struct page *page,
> >
> > hm. Conversion from int to __u32 should be OK - why is sparse being so
> > picky here?
>
> Because csum_partial() returns __wsum_t, not int.
>
> > Why is the __force needed, btw?
>
> So that accidental mixing of those csums (both 16bit and 32bit) with
> host- or net-endian would be caught.
>
> And I'm not at all sure reiserfs xattr_hash() doesn't bugger it up, actually.
>
> Recall that 16bit inet csum is the sum of 16bit words (treated as host-endian)
> modulo 0xffff, i.e. the entire buffer interpreted as host-endian integer
> taken modulo 0xffff. That has a lovely property - memory representation
> of that value is the same whether we'd done calculations on b-e or l-e
> host; the reason is that modulo 65535 byteswap is the same as multiplying
> by 256, so the sum of byteswapped 16bit values modulo 65535 is byteswapped
> sum of original values.
>
> csum_partial() is sum of 32bit words (treated as host-endian) modulo 0xffffffff,
> i.e. the entire buffer treated as host-endian number modulo 0xffffffff.
> It is convenient when we want to calculate the 16bit csum - 0xffffffff is
> a multiple of 0xffff, so residue modulo 0xffffffff determines the residue
> modulo 0xffff; that's what csum_fold() is.
>
> However, result of csum_partial() on big- and little-endian hosts
> does *not* have the same property. Consider e.g. an array {0, 0, 0, 128,
> 0, 0, 0, 128}. csum_partial of that on l-e will be (2^31 + 2^31)mod(2^32 - 1),
> i.e. 1, with {1, 0, 0, 0} as memory representation. 16bit csum will
> again be 1, with {1, 0} as memory representation. On big-endian we
> get (128 + 128)mod(2^32 - 1), i.e. 256, with {0, 0, 1, 0} as memory
> representation. 16bit csum is again 256, stored as {1, 0}, i.e.
> the same as if we'd done everything on l-e; however, raw csum_partial()
> values have different memory representations. They certainly are
> different as host-endian (and so are 16bit csums).
>
> Reiserfs takes csum_partial() on buffer, interprets it as host-endian
> and stores it little-endian on disk. When fetching those it does
> the same calculation and fails on mismatch. However, if the
> store had been done on little-endian host and load - on big-endian
> one we *will* get mismatch almost all the time. Treating ->rx_hash
> as __wsum_t (and not doing that cpu_to_le32()) would lower the
> frequency of mismatches, but still would be broken. Storing
> a 16bit csum (declared as __sum16_t, again, without cpu_to_le...())
> would be endian-safe, but that's not what reiserfs folks wanted
> (16 bits of csum instead of 32, for starters).
>
> IOW, what sparse has caught here is a genuine endianness bug; images
> created on little-endian host and mounted on big-endian (or vice
> versa) will see csum mismatches when trying to fetch xattrs.
> Broken since
> commit 0b1a6a8ca8a78c2e068b04acf97479ee89a024ac
> Author: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
> Date: Sun May 9 23:59:13 2004 -0700
>
> [PATCH] reiserfs: xattr support
>
> From: Chris Mason <mason@suse.com>
>
> From: jeffm@suse.com
>
> reiserfs support for xattrs
>
> ISTR some discussions of reiserfs layout endianness problems, but
> that had been many years ago and I could be wrong; I _think_
> the conclusion had been "it sucks, but we can't do anything
> without breaking existing filesystem images". Not sure if that
> was the same bug or something different, though.

Hi Al,

Thanks for your detailed explanation. I learnt quite a bit from it.
I agree we should not "supress" this bug.

I have noticed in the reiserfs code that, a checksum mismatch only
causes a warning? Even if there is a checksum mismatch, data still is
copied to the buffer?

What is the point of the checksum over here?

Thanks

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-04-23 16:53    [W:0.101 / U:0.428 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site