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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] lib: add __sysfs_match_string_with_gaps() helper
On Mon, 2019-04-22 at 23:06 +0200, Greg KH wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 22, 2019 at 11:32:56AM +0300, Alexandru Ardelean wrote:
> > This helper is similar to __sysfs_match_string() with the exception
> > that it
> > ignores NULL elements within the array.
> sysfs is "one value per file", why are you trying to write multiple
> things on a single line to a single sysfs file?
> Is IIO really that messy? :)

Hmm, I don't think I understood the comment/question, or maybe I did not
formulate the comment properly.

Maybe Jonathan can pitch-in here if I'm saying something wrong.

So, in IIO there is `struct iio_enum` which is essentially a sysfs wrapper
for exposing an "enum" type to userspace via sysfs (which takes only one
value). This iio_enum type is basically a string-to-int mapping.

Some example in C:

enum {
ENUM5 = 5,

/* Notice the gaps in the elements */
static const char * const item_strings[] = {
[ENUM0] = "mode0",
[ENUM1] = "mode1",
[ENUM5] = "mode5",
[ENUM6] = "mode6",
[ENUM7] = "mode7",

static const struct iio_enum iio_enum1 = {
.items = item_strings,
.num_items = ARRAY_SIZE(item_strings),
.set = iio_enum1_set,
.get = iio_enum1_get,

The signature of the iio_enum1_set / iio_enum1_get is below:

static int iio_enum1_set(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
const struct iio_chan_spec *chan, unsigned int val);

static int iio_enum1_get(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
const struct iio_chan_spec *chan)

IIO core resolves the string-to-int mapping.
It uses __sysfs_match_string() to do that, but it requires that the list of
strings (and C enums) be contiguous.
This change [and V2 of this patch] introduces a
__sysfs_match_string_with_gaps() helper that ignores gaps (represented as

For reference, __sysfs_match_string() returns -EINVAL on the first NULL in
the array of strings (regardless of the given array size).

__sysfs_match_string_with_gaps() is typically helpful when C enums refer to
bitfields, or have some equivalence in HW.


> thanks,
> greg k-h
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