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Subject[PATCH] f2fs: Add option to limit required GC for checkpoint=disable
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This extends the checkpoint option to allow checkpoint=disable:%u
This allows you to specify what percent of the drive you are willing
to lose access to while mounting with checkpoint=disable. If the amount
lost would be higher, the mount will return -EAGAIN.
Currently, we need to run garbage collection until the amount of holes
is smaller than the OVP space. With the new option, f2fs can mark
space as unusable up front instead of requiring that
the space be freed up with garbage collection.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Rosenberg <drosen@google.com>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs | 8 +++++
Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.txt | 8 +++--
fs/f2fs/f2fs.h | 6 +++-
fs/f2fs/segment.c | 17 ++++++++--
fs/f2fs/super.c | 44 +++++++++++++------------
fs/f2fs/sysfs.c | 16 +++++++++
6 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
index 91822ce258317..d65b9ebc56190 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
@@ -243,3 +243,11 @@ Description:
- Del: echo '[h/c]!extension' > /sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/extension_list
- [h] means add/del hot file extension
- [c] means add/del cold file extension
+
+What: /sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/unusable
+Date April 2019
+Contact: "Daniel Rosenberg" <drosen@google.com>
+Description:
+ Displays the number of blocks that are unusable during checkpoint=disable
+ or the number of blocks that would be unusable if checkpoint=disable
+ were to be set.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.txt
index f7b5e4ff0de3e..b3b5534407da7 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.txt
@@ -214,11 +214,15 @@ fsync_mode=%s Control the policy of fsync. Currently supports "posix",
non-atomic files likewise "nobarrier" mount option.
test_dummy_encryption Enable dummy encryption, which provides a fake fscrypt
context. The fake fscrypt context is used by xfstests.
-checkpoint=%s Set to "disable" to turn off checkpointing. Set to "enable"
+checkpoint=%s[:%u] Set to "disable" to turn off checkpointing. Set to "enable"
to reenable checkpointing. Is enabled by default. While
disabled, any unmounting or unexpected shutdowns will cause
the filesystem contents to appear as they did when the
- filesystem was mounted with that option.
+ filesystem was mounted with that option. While mounting
+ with disabled, you may optionally add a percentage to
+ limit the amount of space that checkpoint=disable denies
+ access to. If this is set, the mount may return EAGAIN if
+ additional garbage collection is required to meet the limit

================================================================================
DEBUGFS ENTRIES
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
index 30acde08822ef..d0477251cec56 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
@@ -136,6 +136,9 @@ struct f2fs_mount_info {
int alloc_mode; /* segment allocation policy */
int fsync_mode; /* fsync policy */
bool test_dummy_encryption; /* test dummy encryption */
+ block_t unusable_percent_cap; /* Percent of space allowed to be
+ * unusable when disabling checkpoint
+ */
};

#define F2FS_FEATURE_ENCRYPT 0x0001
@@ -3049,7 +3052,8 @@ bool f2fs_issue_discard_timeout(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
void f2fs_clear_prefree_segments(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
struct cp_control *cpc);
void f2fs_dirty_to_prefree(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
-int f2fs_disable_cp_again(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
+block_t f2fs_get_unusable_blocks(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
+int f2fs_disable_cp_again(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, block_t unusable);
void f2fs_release_discard_addrs(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
int f2fs_npages_for_summary_flush(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, bool for_ra);
void f2fs_allocate_new_segments(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.c b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
index a3380d1de6000..704224f4a2866 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/segment.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
@@ -869,11 +869,12 @@ void f2fs_dirty_to_prefree(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
mutex_unlock(&dirty_i->seglist_lock);
}

-int f2fs_disable_cp_again(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
+block_t f2fs_get_unusable_blocks(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
{
- struct dirty_seglist_info *dirty_i = DIRTY_I(sbi);
block_t ovp = overprovision_segments(sbi) << sbi->log_blocks_per_seg;
+ struct dirty_seglist_info *dirty_i = DIRTY_I(sbi);
block_t holes[2] = {0, 0}; /* DATA and NODE */
+ block_t unusable;
struct seg_entry *se;
unsigned int segno;

@@ -887,7 +888,17 @@ int f2fs_disable_cp_again(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
}
mutex_unlock(&dirty_i->seglist_lock);

- if (holes[DATA] > ovp || holes[NODE] > ovp)
+ unusable = holes[DATA] > holes[NODE] ? holes[DATA] : holes[NODE];
+ if (unusable > ovp)
+ return unusable - ovp;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int f2fs_disable_cp_again(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, block_t unusable)
+{
+ block_t max_allowed = (sbi->user_block_count / 100) *
+ F2FS_OPTION(sbi).unusable_percent_cap;
+ if (unusable > max_allowed)
return -EAGAIN;
if (is_sbi_flag_set(sbi, SBI_CP_DISABLED_QUICK) &&
dirty_segments(sbi) > overprovision_segments(sbi))
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
index 0b6fa77c35f3e..f91ec6b440f39 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
@@ -136,7 +136,9 @@ enum {
Opt_alloc,
Opt_fsync,
Opt_test_dummy_encryption,
- Opt_checkpoint,
+ Opt_checkpoint_disable,
+ Opt_checkpoint_disable_cap,
+ Opt_checkpoint_enable,
Opt_err,
};

@@ -195,7 +197,9 @@ static match_table_t f2fs_tokens = {
{Opt_alloc, "alloc_mode=%s"},
{Opt_fsync, "fsync_mode=%s"},
{Opt_test_dummy_encryption, "test_dummy_encryption"},
- {Opt_checkpoint, "checkpoint=%s"},
+ {Opt_checkpoint_disable, "checkpoint=disable"},
+ {Opt_checkpoint_disable_cap, "checkpoint=disable:%u"},
+ {Opt_checkpoint_enable, "checkpoint=enable"},
{Opt_err, NULL},
};

@@ -771,22 +775,17 @@ static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options)
"Test dummy encryption mount option ignored");
#endif
break;
- case Opt_checkpoint:
- name = match_strdup(&args[0]);
- if (!name)
- return -ENOMEM;
-
- if (strlen(name) == 6 &&
- !strncmp(name, "enable", 6)) {
- clear_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT);
- } else if (strlen(name) == 7 &&
- !strncmp(name, "disable", 7)) {
- set_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT);
- } else {
- kvfree(name);
+ case Opt_checkpoint_disable_cap:
+ if (args->from && match_int(args, &arg))
return -EINVAL;
- }
- kvfree(name);
+ if (arg < 0 || arg > 100)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ F2FS_OPTION(sbi).unusable_percent_cap = arg;
+ case Opt_checkpoint_disable:
+ set_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT);
+ break;
+ case Opt_checkpoint_enable:
+ clear_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT);
break;
default:
f2fs_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
@@ -1411,8 +1410,8 @@ static int f2fs_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
seq_printf(seq, ",alloc_mode=%s", "reuse");

if (test_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT))
- seq_puts(seq, ",checkpoint=disable");
-
+ seq_printf(seq, ",checkpoint=disable:%u",
+ F2FS_OPTION(sbi).unusable_percent_cap);
if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fsync_mode == FSYNC_MODE_POSIX)
seq_printf(seq, ",fsync_mode=%s", "posix");
else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fsync_mode == FSYNC_MODE_STRICT)
@@ -1441,6 +1440,7 @@ static void default_options(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
set_opt(sbi, EXTENT_CACHE);
set_opt(sbi, NOHEAP);
clear_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT);
+ F2FS_OPTION(sbi).unusable_percent_cap = 100;
sbi->sb->s_flags |= SB_LAZYTIME;
set_opt(sbi, FLUSH_MERGE);
set_opt(sbi, DISCARD);
@@ -1469,6 +1469,7 @@ static int f2fs_disable_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
struct cp_control cpc;
int err = 0;
int ret;
+ block_t unusable;

if (s_flags & SB_RDONLY) {
f2fs_msg(sbi->sb, KERN_ERR,
@@ -1496,7 +1497,8 @@ static int f2fs_disable_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
goto restore_flag;
}

- if (f2fs_disable_cp_again(sbi)) {
+ unusable = f2fs_get_unusable_blocks(sbi);
+ if (f2fs_disable_cp_again(sbi, unusable)) {
err = -EAGAIN;
goto restore_flag;
}
@@ -1506,7 +1508,7 @@ static int f2fs_disable_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
set_sbi_flag(sbi, SBI_CP_DISABLED);
f2fs_write_checkpoint(sbi, &cpc);

- sbi->unusable_block_count = 0;
+ sbi->unusable_block_count = unusable;
mutex_unlock(&sbi->gc_mutex);
restore_flag:
sbi->sb->s_flags = s_flags; /* Restore MS_RDONLY status */
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
index 729f46a3c9ee0..fa184880cff34 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
@@ -68,6 +68,20 @@ static ssize_t dirty_segments_show(struct f2fs_attr *a,
(unsigned long long)(dirty_segments(sbi)));
}

+static ssize_t unusable_show(struct f2fs_attr *a,
+ struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, char *buf)
+{
+ block_t unusable;
+
+ if (test_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT))
+ unusable = sbi->unusable_block_count;
+ else
+ unusable = f2fs_get_unusable_blocks(sbi);
+ return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%llu\n",
+ (unsigned long long)unusable);
+}
+
+
static ssize_t lifetime_write_kbytes_show(struct f2fs_attr *a,
struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, char *buf)
{
@@ -440,6 +454,7 @@ F2FS_GENERAL_RO_ATTR(dirty_segments);
F2FS_GENERAL_RO_ATTR(lifetime_write_kbytes);
F2FS_GENERAL_RO_ATTR(features);
F2FS_GENERAL_RO_ATTR(current_reserved_blocks);
+F2FS_GENERAL_RO_ATTR(unusable);

#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION
F2FS_FEATURE_RO_ATTR(encryption, FEAT_CRYPTO);
@@ -495,6 +510,7 @@ static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
ATTR_LIST(inject_type),
#endif
ATTR_LIST(dirty_segments),
+ ATTR_LIST(unusable),
ATTR_LIST(lifetime_write_kbytes),
ATTR_LIST(features),
ATTR_LIST(reserved_blocks),
--
2.21.0.593.g511ec345e18-goog
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