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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 15/17] sched: Trivial forced-newidle balancer
On Wed, Apr 24, 2019 at 12:18 AM Vineeth Remanan Pillai
<vpillai@digitalocean.com> wrote:
>
> From: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
>
> When a sibling is forced-idle to match the core-cookie; search for
> matching tasks to fill the core.
>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
> ---
> include/linux/sched.h | 1 +
> kernel/sched/core.c | 131 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> kernel/sched/idle.c | 1 +
> kernel/sched/sched.h | 6 ++
> 4 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index a4b39a28236f..1a309e8546cd 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -641,6 +641,7 @@ struct task_struct {
> #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_CORE
> struct rb_node core_node;
> unsigned long core_cookie;
> + unsigned int core_occupation;
> #endif
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 9e6e90c6f9b9..e8f5ec641d0a 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -217,6 +217,21 @@ struct task_struct *sched_core_find(struct rq *rq, unsigned long cookie)
> return match;
> }
>
> +struct task_struct *sched_core_next(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long cookie)
> +{
> + struct rb_node *node = &p->core_node;
> +
> + node = rb_next(node);
> + if (!node)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + p = container_of(node, struct task_struct, core_node);
> + if (p->core_cookie != cookie)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + return p;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * The static-key + stop-machine variable are needed such that:
> *
> @@ -3672,7 +3687,7 @@ pick_next_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev, struct rq_flags *rf)
> struct task_struct *next, *max = NULL;
> const struct sched_class *class;
> const struct cpumask *smt_mask;
> - int i, j, cpu;
> + int i, j, cpu, occ = 0;
>
> if (!sched_core_enabled(rq))
> return __pick_next_task(rq, prev, rf);
> @@ -3763,6 +3778,9 @@ pick_next_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev, struct rq_flags *rf)
> goto done;
> }
>
> + if (!is_idle_task(p))
> + occ++;
> +
> rq_i->core_pick = p;
>
> /*
> @@ -3786,6 +3804,7 @@ pick_next_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev, struct rq_flags *rf)
>
> cpu_rq(j)->core_pick = NULL;
> }
> + occ = 1;
> goto again;
> }
> }
> @@ -3808,6 +3827,8 @@ next_class:;
>
> WARN_ON_ONCE(!rq_i->core_pick);
>
> + rq_i->core_pick->core_occupation = occ;
> +
> if (i == cpu)
> continue;
>
> @@ -3823,6 +3844,114 @@ next_class:;
> return next;
> }
>
> +static bool try_steal_cookie(int this, int that)
> +{
> + struct rq *dst = cpu_rq(this), *src = cpu_rq(that);
> + struct task_struct *p;
> + unsigned long cookie;
> + bool success = false;
> +

try_steal_cookie() is in the loop of for_each_cpu_wrap().
The root domain could be large and we should avoid
stealing cookie if source rq has only one task or dst is really busy.

The following patch eliminated a deadlock issue on my side if I didn't
miss anything in v1. I'll double check with v2, but it at least avoids
unnecessary irq off/on and double rq lock. Especially, it avoids lock
contention that the idle cpu which is holding rq lock in the progress
of load_balance() and tries to lock rq here. I think it might be worth to
be picked up.

Thanks,
-Aubrey

---
kernel/sched/core.c | 7 +++++++
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 191ebf9..973a75d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -3876,6 +3876,13 @@ static bool try_steal_cookie(int this, int that)
unsigned long cookie;
bool success = false;

+ /*
+ * Don't steal if src is idle or has only one runnable task,
+ * or dst has more than one runnable task
+ */
+ if (src->nr_running <= 1 || unlikely(dst->nr_running >= 1))
+ return false;
+
local_irq_disable();
double_rq_lock(dst, src);

--
2.7.4
> + local_irq_disable();
> + double_rq_lock(dst, src);
> +
> + cookie = dst->core->core_cookie;
> + if (!cookie)
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + if (dst->curr != dst->idle)
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + p = sched_core_find(src, cookie);
> + if (p == src->idle)
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + do {
> + if (p == src->core_pick || p == src->curr)
> + goto next;
> +
> + if (!cpumask_test_cpu(this, &p->cpus_allowed))
> + goto next;
> +
> + if (p->core_occupation > dst->idle->core_occupation)
> + goto next;
> +
> + p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_MIGRATING;
> + deactivate_task(src, p, 0);
> + set_task_cpu(p, this);
> + activate_task(dst, p, 0);
> + p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_QUEUED;
> +
> + resched_curr(dst);
> +
> + success = true;
> + break;
> +
> +next:
> + p = sched_core_next(p, cookie);
> + } while (p);
> +
> +unlock:
> + double_rq_unlock(dst, src);
> + local_irq_enable();
> +
> + return success;
> +}
> +
> +static bool steal_cookie_task(int cpu, struct sched_domain *sd)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + for_each_cpu_wrap(i, sched_domain_span(sd), cpu) {
> + if (i == cpu)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (need_resched())
> + break;
> +
> + if (try_steal_cookie(cpu, i))
> + return true;
> + }
> +
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static void sched_core_balance(struct rq *rq)
> +{
> + struct sched_domain *sd;
> + int cpu = cpu_of(rq);
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + raw_spin_unlock_irq(rq_lockp(rq));
> + for_each_domain(cpu, sd) {
> + if (!(sd->flags & SD_LOAD_BALANCE))
> + break;
> +
> + if (need_resched())
> + break;
> +
> + if (steal_cookie_task(cpu, sd))
> + break;
> + }
> + raw_spin_lock_irq(rq_lockp(rq));
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +}
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct callback_head, core_balance_head);
> +
> +void queue_core_balance(struct rq *rq)
> +{
> + if (!sched_core_enabled(rq))
> + return;
> +
> + if (!rq->core->core_cookie)
> + return;
> +
> + if (!rq->nr_running) /* not forced idle */
> + return;
> +
> + queue_balance_callback(rq, &per_cpu(core_balance_head, rq->cpu), sched_core_balance);
> +}
> +
> #else /* !CONFIG_SCHED_CORE */
>
> static struct task_struct *
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> index e7f38da60373..44decdcccba1 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> @@ -387,6 +387,7 @@ static void set_next_task_idle(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
> {
> update_idle_core(rq);
> schedstat_inc(rq->sched_goidle);
> + queue_core_balance(rq);
> }
>
> static struct task_struct *
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index 4cfde289610d..2a5f5a6b11ae 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -1013,6 +1013,8 @@ static inline raw_spinlock_t *rq_lockp(struct rq *rq)
> return &rq->__lock;
> }
>
> +extern void queue_core_balance(struct rq *rq);
> +
> #else /* !CONFIG_SCHED_CORE */
>
> static inline bool sched_core_enabled(struct rq *rq)
> @@ -1025,6 +1027,10 @@ static inline raw_spinlock_t *rq_lockp(struct rq *rq)
> return &rq->__lock;
> }
>
> +static inline void queue_core_balance(struct rq *rq)
> +{
> +}
> +
> #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_CORE */
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_SMT
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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