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Subject[PATCH v2 08/19] ioasid: Add custom IOASID allocator
Date
Sometimes, IOASID allocation must be handled by platform specific
code. The use cases are guest vIOMMU and pvIOMMU where IOASIDs need
to be allocated by the host via enlightened or paravirt interfaces.

This patch adds an extension to the IOASID allocator APIs such that
platform drivers can register a custom allocator, possibly at boot
time, to take over the allocation. Xarray is still used for tracking
and searching purposes internal to the IOASID code. Private data of
an IOASID can also be set after the allocation.

There can be multiple custom allocators registered but only one is
used at a time. In case of hot removal of devices that provides the
allocator, all IOASIDs must be freed prior to unregistering the
allocator. Default XArray based allocator cannot be mixed with
custom allocators, i.e. custom allocators will not be used if there
are outstanding IOASIDs allocated by the default XA allocator.

Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
---
drivers/base/ioasid.c | 182 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
include/linux/ioasid.h | 15 +++-
2 files changed, 187 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/ioasid.c b/drivers/base/ioasid.c
index c4012aa..5cb36a4 100644
--- a/drivers/base/ioasid.c
+++ b/drivers/base/ioasid.c
@@ -17,6 +17,120 @@ struct ioasid_data {
};

static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_xa);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(ioasid_allocator_lock);
+static struct ioasid_allocator *ioasid_allocator;
+
+static LIST_HEAD(custom_allocators);
+/*
+ * A flag to track if ioasid default allocator already been used, this will
+ * prevent custom allocator from being used. The reason is that custom allocator
+ * must have unadulterated space to track private data with xarray, there cannot
+ * be a mix been default and custom allocated IOASIDs.
+ */
+static int default_allocator_used;
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_register_allocator - register a custom allocator
+ * @allocator: the custom allocator to be registered
+ *
+ * Custom allocator take precedence over the default xarray based allocator.
+ * Private data associated with the ASID are managed by ASID common code
+ * similar to data stored in xa.
+ *
+ * There can be multiple allocators registered but only one is active. In case
+ * of runtime removal of an custom allocator, the next one is activated based
+ * on the registration ordering.
+ */
+int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator)
+{
+ struct ioasid_allocator *pallocator;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!allocator)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+ if (list_empty(&custom_allocators))
+ ioasid_allocator = allocator;
+ else {
+ /* Check if the allocator is already registered */
+ list_for_each_entry(pallocator, &custom_allocators, list) {
+ if (pallocator == allocator) {
+ pr_err("IOASID allocator already exist\n");
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ list_add_tail(&allocator->list, &custom_allocators);
+
+out_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_register_allocator);
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_unregister_allocator - Remove a custom IOASID allocator
+ * @allocator: the custom allocator to be removed
+ *
+ * Remove an allocator from the list, activate the next allocator in
+ * the order it was registration.
+ */
+void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator)
+{
+ if (!allocator)
+ return;
+
+ if (list_empty(&custom_allocators)) {
+ pr_warn("No custom IOASID allocators active!\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+ list_del(&allocator->list);
+ if (list_empty(&custom_allocators)) {
+ pr_info("No custom IOASID allocators\n");
+ /*
+ * All IOASIDs should have been freed before the last allocator
+ * is unregistered.
+ */
+ BUG_ON(!xa_empty(&ioasid_xa));
+ ioasid_allocator = NULL;
+ } else if (allocator == ioasid_allocator) {
+ ioasid_allocator = list_entry(&custom_allocators, struct ioasid_allocator, list);
+ pr_info("IOASID allocator changed");
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_unregister_allocator);
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_set_data - Set private data for an allocated ioasid
+ * @ioasid: the ID to set data
+ * @data: the private data
+ *
+ * For IOASID that is already allocated, private data can be set
+ * via this API. Future lookup can be done via ioasid_find.
+ */
+int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data)
+{
+ struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
+ if (ioasid_data)
+ ioasid_data->private = data;
+ else
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+
+ /* getter may use the private data */
+ synchronize_rcu();
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_set_data);
+
/**
* ioasid_alloc - Allocate an IOASID
* @set: the IOASID set
@@ -31,7 +145,7 @@ static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_xa);
ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
void *private)
{
- int id = -1;
+ int id = INVALID_IOASID;
struct ioasid_data *data;

data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -40,14 +154,37 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,

data->set = set;
data->private = private;
+
+ /*
+ * Use custom allocator if available, otherwise use default.
+ * However, if there are active IOASIDs already been allocated by default
+ * allocator, custom allocator cannot be used.
+ */
+ if (!default_allocator_used && ioasid_allocator) {
+ mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+ id = ioasid_allocator->alloc(min, max, ioasid_allocator->pdata);
+ mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+ if (id == INVALID_IOASID) {
+ pr_err("Failed ASID allocation by custom allocator\n");
+ goto exit_free;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Use XA to manage private data also sanitiy check custom
+ * allocator for duplicates.
+ */
+ min = id;
+ max = id + 1;
+ } else
+ default_allocator_used = 1;
+
if (xa_alloc(&ioasid_xa, &id, data, XA_LIMIT(min, max), GFP_KERNEL)) {
pr_err("Failed to alloc ioasid from %d to %d\n", min, max);
goto exit_free;
}
-
data->id = id;
+
exit_free:
- if (id < 0) {
+ if (id < 0 || id == INVALID_IOASID) {
kfree(data);
return INVALID_IOASID;
}
@@ -59,12 +196,29 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_alloc);
* ioasid_free - Free an IOASID
* @ioasid: the ID to remove
*/
-void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
+int ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
{
struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (ioasid_allocator) {
+ mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+ ret = ioasid_allocator->free(ioasid, ioasid_allocator->pdata);
+ mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+ }
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("ioasid %d custom allocator free failed\n", ioasid);
+ return ret;
+ }

ioasid_data = xa_erase(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
+
kfree_rcu(ioasid_data, rcu);
+
+ if (xa_empty(&ioasid_xa))
+ default_allocator_used = 0;
+
+ return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);

@@ -79,7 +233,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
* if @getter returns false, then the object is invalid and NULL is returned.
*
* If the IOASID has been allocated for this set, return the private pointer
- * passed to ioasid_alloc. Otherwise return NULL.
+ * passed to ioasid_alloc. Private data can be NULL if not set. Return an error
+ * if the IOASID is not found or not belong to the set.
*/
void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
bool (*getter)(void *))
@@ -89,11 +244,20 @@ void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,

rcu_read_lock();
ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
- if (ioasid_data && ioasid_data->set == set) {
- priv = ioasid_data->private;
- if (getter && !getter(priv))
- priv = NULL;
+ if (!ioasid_data) {
+ priv = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ if (set && ioasid_data->set != set) {
+ /* data found but does not belong to the set */
+ priv = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
+ goto unlock;
}
+ /* Now IOASID and its set is verified, we can return the private data */
+ priv = ioasid_data->private;
+ if (getter && !getter(priv))
+ priv = NULL;
+unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();

return priv;
diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
index 6f3655a..e773c13 100644
--- a/include/linux/ioasid.h
+++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
@@ -5,20 +5,33 @@
#define INVALID_IOASID ((ioasid_t)-1)
typedef unsigned int ioasid_t;
typedef int (*ioasid_iter_t)(ioasid_t ioasid, void *private, void *data);
+typedef ioasid_t (*ioasid_alloc_fn_t)(ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max, void *data);
+typedef int (*ioasid_free_fn_t)(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);

struct ioasid_set {
int dummy;
};

+struct ioasid_allocator {
+ ioasid_alloc_fn_t alloc;
+ ioasid_free_fn_t free;
+ void *pdata;
+ struct list_head list;
+};
+
#define DECLARE_IOASID_SET(name) struct ioasid_set name = { 0 }

#ifdef CONFIG_IOASID
ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
void *private);
-void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);
+int ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);

void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
bool (*getter)(void *));
+int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator);
+void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator);
+
+int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);

#else /* !CONFIG_IOASID */
static inline ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min,
--
2.7.4
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