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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 02/10] swiotlb: Factor out slot allocation and free
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Hi Christoph,

Thanks for reviewing my patches.

On 4/23/19 12:45 AM, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> I looked over your swiotlb modification and I don't think we really need
> them. The only thing we really need is to split the size parameter to
> swiotlb_tbl_map_single and swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single into an alloc_size
> and a mapping_size paramter, where the latter one is rounded up to the
> iommu page size. Below is an untested patch on top of your series to
> show what I mean.

Good suggestion. The only problem as far as I can see is:

442 phys_addr_t swiotlb_tbl_map_single(struct device *hwdev,
443 dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr, phys_addr_t orig_addr,
444 size_t mapping_size, size_t alloc_size,
445 enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
446 {
447 unsigned long flags;
448 phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
449 unsigned int nslots, stride, index, wrap;
450 int i;
451 unsigned long mask;
452 unsigned long offset_slots;
453 unsigned long max_slots;

[--->o<----]

545 found:
546 io_tlb_used += nslots;
547 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
548
549 /*
550 * Save away the mapping from the original address to the
DMA address.
551 * This is needed when we sync the memory. Then we sync the
buffer if
552 * needed.
553 */
554 for (i = 0; i < nslots; i++)
555 io_tlb_orig_addr[index+i] = orig_addr + (i <<
IO_TLB_SHIFT);

Could the tlb orig address set to PAGE_ALIGN_DOWN(orig_addr)? We
couldn't assume the bounce buffer just starts from the beginning of the
slot. Or anything I missed?


556 if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC) &&
557 (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL))
558 swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr, mapping_size,
559 DMA_TO_DEVICE);

Same here. We should sync from the place where the bounce buffer starts
from.


560
561 return tlb_addr;
562 }


> That being said - both the current series and the one
> with my patch will still leak the content of the swiotlb buffer
> allocated but not used to the untrusted external device. Is that
> acceptable? If not we need to clear that part, at which point you don't
> need swiotlb changes.

Good catch. I think the allocated buffer should be cleared, otherwise,
the untrusted device still has a chance to access the data belonging to
other swiotlb consumers.

> Another implication is that for untrusted devices
> the size of the dma coherent allocations needs to be rounded up to the
> iommu page size (if that can ever be larger than the host page size).

Agreed.

Intel iommu driver has already aligned the dma coherent allocation size
to PAGE_SIZE. And alloc_coherent is equal to alloc plus map. Hence, it
eventually goes into bounce_map().

Best regards,
Lu Baolu

>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> index 8c4a078fb041..eb5c32ad4443 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> @@ -2151,10 +2151,13 @@ static int bounce_map(struct device *dev, struct iommu_domain *domain,
> void *data)
> {
> const struct iommu_ops *ops = domain->ops;
> + unsigned long page_size = domain_minimal_pgsize(domain);
> phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
> int prot = 0;
> int ret;
>
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > page_size))
> + return -EINVAL;
> if (unlikely(!ops->map || domain->pgsize_bitmap == 0UL))
> return -ENODEV;
>
> @@ -2164,16 +2167,16 @@ static int bounce_map(struct device *dev, struct iommu_domain *domain,
> if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)
> prot |= IOMMU_WRITE;
>
> - tlb_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, paddr);
> - if (!swiotlb_map(dev, &paddr, &tlb_addr, size,
> - dir, attrs | DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE))
> + tlb_addr = swiotlb_tbl_map_single(dev, __phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_start),
> + paddr, size, page_size, dir, attrs);
> + if (tlb_addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> ret = ops->map(domain, addr, tlb_addr, size, prot);
> - if (ret)
> - swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, tlb_addr, size,
> - dir, attrs | DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE);
> -
> + if (ret) {
> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, tlb_addr, size, page_size,
> + dir, attrs);
> + }
> return ret;
> }
>
> @@ -2194,11 +2197,12 @@ static int bounce_unmap(struct device *dev, struct iommu_domain *domain,
>
> if (unlikely(!ops->unmap))
> return -ENODEV;
> - ops->unmap(domain, ALIGN_DOWN(addr, page_size), page_size);
> + ops->unmap(domain, addr, page_size);
>
> - if (tlb_addr)
> - swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, tlb_addr, size,
> - dir, attrs | DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE);
> + if (tlb_addr) {
> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, tlb_addr, size, page_size,
> + dir, attrs);
> + }
>
> return 0;
> }
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c b/drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c
> index 877baf2a94f4..3b6ce643bffa 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c
> @@ -404,7 +404,7 @@ static dma_addr_t xen_swiotlb_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
> */
> trace_swiotlb_bounced(dev, dev_addr, size, swiotlb_force);
>
> - map = swiotlb_tbl_map_single(dev, start_dma_addr, phys, size, dir,
> + map = swiotlb_tbl_map_single(dev, start_dma_addr, phys, size, size, dir,
> attrs);
> if (map == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR)
> return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
> @@ -420,7 +420,7 @@ static dma_addr_t xen_swiotlb_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
> return dev_addr;
>
> attrs |= DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC;
> - swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, map, size, dir, attrs);
> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, map, size, size, dir, attrs);
>
> return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
> }
> @@ -445,7 +445,7 @@ static void xen_unmap_single(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
>
> /* NOTE: We use dev_addr here, not paddr! */
> if (is_xen_swiotlb_buffer(dev_addr))
> - swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(hwdev, paddr, size, dir, attrs);
> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(hwdev, paddr, size, size, dir, attrs);
> }
>
> static void xen_swiotlb_unmap_page(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
> @@ -556,6 +556,7 @@ xen_swiotlb_map_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
> start_dma_addr,
> sg_phys(sg),
> sg->length,
> + sg->length,
> dir, attrs);
> if (map == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR) {
> dev_warn(hwdev, "swiotlb buffer is full\n");
> diff --git a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> index 26e506e5b04c..75e60be91e5f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> @@ -70,12 +70,6 @@
> */
> #define DMA_ATTR_PRIVILEGED (1UL << 9)
>
> -/*
> - * DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE: used by the IOMMU sub-system to indicate that
> - * the buffer is used as a bounce page in the DMA remapping page table.
> - */
> -#define DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE (1UL << 10)
> -
> /*
> * A dma_addr_t can hold any valid DMA or bus address for the platform.
> * It can be given to a device to use as a DMA source or target. A CPU cannot
> diff --git a/include/linux/swiotlb.h b/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> index 361f62bb4a8e..e1c738eb5baf 100644
> --- a/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> +++ b/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> @@ -44,16 +44,13 @@ enum dma_sync_target {
> SYNC_FOR_DEVICE = 1,
> };
>
> -extern phys_addr_t swiotlb_tbl_map_single(struct device *hwdev,
> - dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr,
> - phys_addr_t phys, size_t size,
> - enum dma_data_direction dir,
> - unsigned long attrs);
> -
> -extern void swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(struct device *hwdev,
> - phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
> - size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
> - unsigned long attrs);
> +phys_addr_t swiotlb_tbl_map_single(struct device *hwdev,
> + dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr, phys_addr_t phys, size_t mapping_size,
> + size_t alloc_size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
> + unsigned long attrs);
> +void swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
> + size_t mapping_size, size_t alloc_size,
> + enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs);
>
> extern void swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(struct device *hwdev,
> phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
> diff --git a/kernel/dma/direct.c b/kernel/dma/direct.c
> index fcdb23e8d2fc..0edc0bf80207 100644
> --- a/kernel/dma/direct.c
> +++ b/kernel/dma/direct.c
> @@ -290,7 +290,7 @@ void dma_direct_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr,
> dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(dev, addr, size, dir);
>
> if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(phys)))
> - swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs);
> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, phys, size, size, dir, attrs);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_direct_unmap_page);
>
> diff --git a/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c b/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c
> index 96b87a11dee1..feec87196cc8 100644
> --- a/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c
> +++ b/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c
> @@ -34,7 +34,6 @@
> #include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>
> #include <linux/set_memory.h>
> -#include <linux/iommu.h>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
> #include <linux/debugfs.h>
> #endif
> @@ -440,9 +439,10 @@ static void swiotlb_bounce(phys_addr_t orig_addr, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
> }
> }
>
> -static phys_addr_t
> -swiotlb_tbl_alloc_tlb(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr,
> - phys_addr_t orig_addr, size_t size)
> +phys_addr_t swiotlb_tbl_map_single(struct device *hwdev,
> + dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr, phys_addr_t orig_addr,
> + size_t mapping_size, size_t alloc_size,
> + enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
> {
> unsigned long flags;
> phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
> @@ -476,8 +476,8 @@ swiotlb_tbl_alloc_tlb(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr,
> * For mappings greater than or equal to a page, we limit the stride
> * (and hence alignment) to a page size.
> */
> - nslots = ALIGN(size, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
> - if (size >= PAGE_SIZE)
> + nslots = ALIGN(alloc_size, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
> + if (alloc_size >= PAGE_SIZE)
> stride = (1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - IO_TLB_SHIFT));
> else
> stride = 1;
> @@ -538,6 +538,9 @@ swiotlb_tbl_alloc_tlb(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr,
>
> not_found:
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
> + if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_NO_WARN) && printk_ratelimit())
> + dev_warn(hwdev, "swiotlb buffer is full (sz: %zd bytes)\n",
> + alloc_size);
> return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
> found:
> io_tlb_used += nslots;
> @@ -550,21 +553,34 @@ swiotlb_tbl_alloc_tlb(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr,
> */
> for (i = 0; i < nslots; i++)
> io_tlb_orig_addr[index+i] = orig_addr + (i << IO_TLB_SHIFT);
> + if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC) &&
> + (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL))
> + swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr, mapping_size,
> + DMA_TO_DEVICE);
>
> return tlb_addr;
> }
>
> -static void
> -swiotlb_tbl_free_tlb(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr, size_t size)
> +/*
> + * tlb_addr is the physical address of the bounce buffer to unmap.
> + */
> +void swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
> + size_t mapping_size, size_t alloc_size,
> + enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
> {
> unsigned long flags;
> - int i, count, nslots = ALIGN(size, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
> + int i, count, nslots;
> int index = (tlb_addr - io_tlb_start) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
> + phys_addr_t orig_addr = io_tlb_orig_addr[index];
>
> - /* Return directly if the tlb address is out of slot pool. */
> - if (tlb_addr < io_tlb_start || tlb_addr + size > io_tlb_end) {
> - dev_warn(hwdev, "invalid tlb address\n");
> - return;
> + /*
> + * First, sync the memory before unmapping the entry
> + */
> + if (orig_addr != INVALID_PHYS_ADDR &&
> + !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC) &&
> + (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)) {
> + swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr, mapping_size,
> + DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -573,6 +589,7 @@ swiotlb_tbl_free_tlb(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr, size_t size)
> * While returning the entries to the free list, we merge the entries
> * with slots below and above the pool being returned.
> */
> + nslots = ALIGN(alloc_size, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
> spin_lock_irqsave(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
> {
> count = ((index + nslots) < ALIGN(index + 1, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE) ?
> @@ -597,88 +614,6 @@ swiotlb_tbl_free_tlb(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr, size_t size)
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
> }
>
> -static unsigned long
> -get_iommu_pgsize(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t phys, size_t size)
> -{
> - struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
> -
> - return domain_minimal_pgsize(domain);
> -}
> -
> -phys_addr_t swiotlb_tbl_map_single(struct device *hwdev,
> - dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr,
> - phys_addr_t orig_addr, size_t size,
> - enum dma_data_direction dir,
> - unsigned long attrs)
> -{
> - phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
> - unsigned long offset = 0;
> -
> - if (attrs & DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE) {
> - unsigned long pgsize = get_iommu_pgsize(hwdev, orig_addr, size);
> -
> - offset = orig_addr & (pgsize - 1);
> -
> - /* Don't allow the buffer to cross page boundary. */
> - if (offset + size > pgsize)
> - return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
> -
> - tlb_addr = swiotlb_tbl_alloc_tlb(hwdev,
> - __phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_start),
> - ALIGN_DOWN(orig_addr, pgsize), pgsize);
> - } else {
> - tlb_addr = swiotlb_tbl_alloc_tlb(hwdev,
> - tbl_dma_addr, orig_addr, size);
> - }
> -
> - if (tlb_addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR) {
> - if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_NO_WARN) && printk_ratelimit())
> - dev_warn(hwdev, "swiotlb buffer is full (sz: %zd bytes)\n",
> - size);
> - return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
> - }
> -
> - tlb_addr += offset;
> - if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC) &&
> - (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL))
> - swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr, size, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
> -
> - return tlb_addr;
> -}
> -
> -/*
> - * tlb_addr is the physical address of the bounce buffer to unmap.
> - */
> -void swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
> - size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
> - unsigned long attrs)
> -{
> - int index = (tlb_addr - io_tlb_start) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
> - phys_addr_t orig_addr = io_tlb_orig_addr[index];
> - unsigned long offset = 0;
> -
> - if (attrs & DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE)
> - offset = tlb_addr & ((1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) - 1);
> -
> - /*
> - * First, sync the memory before unmapping the entry
> - */
> - if (orig_addr != INVALID_PHYS_ADDR &&
> - !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC) &&
> - ((dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) || (dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)))
> - swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr + offset,
> - tlb_addr, size, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
> -
> - if (attrs & DMA_ATTR_BOUNCE_PAGE) {
> - unsigned long pgsize = get_iommu_pgsize(hwdev, tlb_addr, size);
> -
> - swiotlb_tbl_free_tlb(hwdev,
> - ALIGN_DOWN(tlb_addr, pgsize), pgsize);
> - } else {
> - swiotlb_tbl_free_tlb(hwdev, tlb_addr, size);
> - }
> -}
> -
> void swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
> size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
> enum dma_sync_target target)
> @@ -727,14 +662,14 @@ bool swiotlb_map(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t *phys, dma_addr_t *dma_addr,
>
> /* Oh well, have to allocate and map a bounce buffer. */
> *phys = swiotlb_tbl_map_single(dev, __phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_start),
> - *phys, size, dir, attrs);
> + *phys, size, size, dir, attrs);
> if (*phys == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR)
> return false;
>
> /* Ensure that the address returned is DMA'ble */
> *dma_addr = __phys_to_dma(dev, *phys);
> if (unlikely(!dma_capable(dev, *dma_addr, size))) {
> - swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, *phys, size, dir,
> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, *phys, size, size, dir,
> attrs | DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC);
> return false;
> }
>

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