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SubjectRe: [PATCH] reiserfs: Force type conversion in xattr_hash
On Thu, Apr 18, 2019 at 03:50:19PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Wed, 17 Apr 2019 17:22:00 +0530 Bharath Vedartham <> wrote:
> > This patch fixes the sparse warning:
> >
> > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: warning: incorrect type in return
> > expression (different base types)
> > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: expected unsigned int
> > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: got restricted __wsum
> > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: warning: incorrect type in return
> > expression (different base types)
> > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: expected unsigned int
> > fs/reiserfs//xattr.c:453:28: got restricted __wsum
> >
> > csum_partial returns restricted integer __wsum whereas xattr_hash
> > expects a return type of __u32.
> >
> > ...
> >
> > --- a/fs/reiserfs/xattr.c
> > +++ b/fs/reiserfs/xattr.c
> > @@ -450,7 +450,7 @@ static struct page *reiserfs_get_page(struct inode *dir, size_t n)
> >
> > static inline __u32 xattr_hash(const char *msg, int len)
> > {
> > - return csum_partial(msg, len, 0);
> > + return (__force __u32)csum_partial(msg, len, 0);
> > }
> >
> > int reiserfs_commit_write(struct file *f, struct page *page,
> hm. Conversion from int to __u32 should be OK - why is sparse being so
> picky here?

Because csum_partial() returns __wsum_t, not int.

> Why is the __force needed, btw?

So that accidental mixing of those csums (both 16bit and 32bit) with
host- or net-endian would be caught.

And I'm not at all sure reiserfs xattr_hash() doesn't bugger it up, actually.

Recall that 16bit inet csum is the sum of 16bit words (treated as host-endian)
modulo 0xffff, i.e. the entire buffer interpreted as host-endian integer
taken modulo 0xffff. That has a lovely property - memory representation
of that value is the same whether we'd done calculations on b-e or l-e
host; the reason is that modulo 65535 byteswap is the same as multiplying
by 256, so the sum of byteswapped 16bit values modulo 65535 is byteswapped
sum of original values.

csum_partial() is sum of 32bit words (treated as host-endian) modulo 0xffffffff,
i.e. the entire buffer treated as host-endian number modulo 0xffffffff.
It is convenient when we want to calculate the 16bit csum - 0xffffffff is
a multiple of 0xffff, so residue modulo 0xffffffff determines the residue
modulo 0xffff; that's what csum_fold() is.

However, result of csum_partial() on big- and little-endian hosts
does *not* have the same property. Consider e.g. an array {0, 0, 0, 128,
0, 0, 0, 128}. csum_partial of that on l-e will be (2^31 + 2^31)mod(2^32 - 1),
i.e. 1, with {1, 0, 0, 0} as memory representation. 16bit csum will
again be 1, with {1, 0} as memory representation. On big-endian we
get (128 + 128)mod(2^32 - 1), i.e. 256, with {0, 0, 1, 0} as memory
representation. 16bit csum is again 256, stored as {1, 0}, i.e.
the same as if we'd done everything on l-e; however, raw csum_partial()
values have different memory representations. They certainly are
different as host-endian (and so are 16bit csums).

Reiserfs takes csum_partial() on buffer, interprets it as host-endian
and stores it little-endian on disk. When fetching those it does
the same calculation and fails on mismatch. However, if the
store had been done on little-endian host and load - on big-endian
one we *will* get mismatch almost all the time. Treating ->rx_hash
as __wsum_t (and not doing that cpu_to_le32()) would lower the
frequency of mismatches, but still would be broken. Storing
a 16bit csum (declared as __sum16_t, again, without cpu_to_le...())
would be endian-safe, but that's not what reiserfs folks wanted
(16 bits of csum instead of 32, for starters).

IOW, what sparse has caught here is a genuine endianness bug; images
created on little-endian host and mounted on big-endian (or vice
versa) will see csum mismatches when trying to fetch xattrs.
Broken since
commit 0b1a6a8ca8a78c2e068b04acf97479ee89a024ac
Author: Andrew Morton <>
Date: Sun May 9 23:59:13 2004 -0700

[PATCH] reiserfs: xattr support

From: Chris Mason <>


reiserfs support for xattrs

ISTR some discussions of reiserfs layout endianness problems, but
that had been many years ago and I could be wrong; I _think_
the conclusion had been "it sucks, but we can't do anything
without breaking existing filesystem images". Not sure if that
was the same bug or something different, though.

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