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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 1/2] Add polling support to pidfd
On Fri, Apr 19, 2019 at 03:49:02PM -0400, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 19, 2019 at 09:18:59PM +0200, Christian Brauner wrote:
> > On Fri, Apr 19, 2019 at 03:02:47PM -0400, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > > On Thu, Apr 18, 2019 at 07:26:44PM +0200, Christian Brauner wrote:
> > > > On April 18, 2019 7:23:38 PM GMT+02:00, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> wrote:
> > > > >On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 3:09 PM Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> wrote:
> > > > >> On 04/16, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > > > >> > On Tue, Apr 16, 2019 at 02:04:31PM +0200, Oleg Nesterov wrote:
> > > > >> > >
> > > > >> > > Could you explain when it should return POLLIN? When the whole
> > > > >process exits?
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > It returns POLLIN when the task is dead or doesn't exist anymore,
> > > > >or when it
> > > > >> > is in a zombie state and there's no other thread in the thread
> > > > >group.
> > > > >>
> > > > >> IOW, when the whole thread group exits, so it can't be used to
> > > > >monitor sub-threads.
> > > > >>
> > > > >> just in case... speaking of this patch it doesn't modify
> > > > >proc_tid_base_operations,
> > > > >> so you can't poll("/proc/sub-thread-tid") anyway, but iiuc you are
> > > > >going to use
> > > > >> the anonymous file returned by CLONE_PIDFD ?
> > > > >
> > > > >I don't think procfs works that way. /proc/sub-thread-tid has
> > > > >proc_tgid_base_operations despite not being a thread group leader.
> > > > >(Yes, that's kinda weird.) AFAICS the WARN_ON_ONCE() in this code can
> > > > >be hit trivially, and then the code will misbehave.
> > > > >
> > > > >@Joel: I think you'll have to either rewrite this to explicitly bail
> > > > >out if you're dealing with a thread group leader, or make the code
> > > > >work for threads, too.
> > > >
> > > > The latter case probably being preferred if this API is supposed to be
> > > > useable for thread management in userspace.
> > >
> > > At the moment, we are not planning to use this for sub-thread management. I
> > > am reworking this patch to only work on clone(2) pidfds which makes the above
> >
> > Indeed and agreed.
> >
> > > discussion about /proc a bit unnecessary I think. Per the latest CLONE_PIDFD
> > > patches, CLONE_THREAD with pidfd is not supported.
> >
> > Yes. We have no one asking for it right now and we can easily add this
> > later.
> >
> > Admittedly I haven't gotten around to reviewing the patches here yet
> > completely. But one thing about using POLLIN. FreeBSD is using POLLHUP
> > on process exit which I think is nice as well. How about returning
> > POLLIN | POLLHUP on process exit?
> > We already do things like this. For example, when you proxy between
> > ttys. If the process that you're reading data from has exited and closed
> > it's end you still can't usually simply exit because it might have still
> > buffered data that you want to read. The way one can deal with this
> > from userspace is that you can observe a (POLLHUP | POLLIN) event and
> > you keep on reading until you only observe a POLLHUP without a POLLIN
> > event at which point you know you have read
> > all data.
> > I like the semantics for pidfds as well as it would indicate:
> > - POLLHUP -> process has exited
> > - POLLIN -> information can be read
>
> Actually I think a bit different about this, in my opinion the pidfd should
> always be readable (we would store the exit status somewhere in the future
> which would be readable, even after task_struct is dead). So I was thinking

So your idea is that you always get EPOLLIN when the process is alive,
i.e. epoll_wait() immediately returns for a pidfd that referes to a live
process if you specify EPOLLIN? E.g. if I specify EPOLLIN | EPOLLHUP
then epoll_wait() would constantly return. I would then need to check
for EPOLLHUP, see that it is not present and then go back into the
epoll_wait() loop and play the same game again?
What do you need this for?
And if you have a valid reason to do this would it make sense to set
POLLPRI if the actual exit status can be read? This way one could at
least specify POLLPRI | POLLHUP without being constantly woken.

> we always return EPOLLIN. If process has not exited, then it blocks.
>
> However, we also are returning EPOLLERR in previous patch if the task_struct
> has been reaped (task == NULL). I could change that to EPOLLHUP.

That would be here, right?:

> + if (!task)
> + poll_flags = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM | POLLHUP;

That sounds better to me that EPOLLERR.

>
> So the update patch looks like below. Thoughts?
>
> ---8<-----------------------
>
> diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
> index 6a803a0b75df..eb279b5f4115 100644
> --- a/fs/proc/base.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/base.c
> @@ -3069,8 +3069,45 @@ static int proc_tgid_base_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
> tgid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff));
> }
>
> +static unsigned int proc_tgid_base_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts)
> +{
> + int poll_flags = 0;
> + struct task_struct *task;
> + struct pid *pid;
> +
> + task = get_proc_task(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
> +
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(task && !thread_group_leader(task));
> +
> + /*
> + * tasklist_lock must be held because to avoid racing with
> + * changes in exit_state and wake up. Basically to avoid:
> + *
> + * P0: read exit_state = 0
> + * P1: write exit_state = EXIT_DEAD
> + * P1: Do a wake up - wq is empty, so do nothing
> + * P0: Queue for polling - wait forever.
> + */
> + read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
> + if (!task)
> + poll_flags = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM | POLLHUP;
> + else if (task->exit_state && thread_group_empty(task))
> + poll_flags = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
> +
> + if (!poll_flags) {
> + pid = proc_pid(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
> + poll_wait(file, &pid->wait_pidfd, pts);
> + }
> + read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
> +
> + if (task)
> + put_task_struct(task);
> + return poll_flags;
> +}
> +
> static const struct file_operations proc_tgid_base_operations = {
> .read = generic_read_dir,
> + .poll = proc_tgid_base_poll,
> .iterate_shared = proc_tgid_base_readdir,
> .llseek = generic_file_llseek,
> };
> diff --git a/include/linux/pid.h b/include/linux/pid.h
> index b6f4ba16065a..2e0dcbc6d14e 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pid.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pid.h
> @@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
> #define _LINUX_PID_H
>
> #include <linux/rculist.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
>
> enum pid_type
> {
> @@ -60,6 +61,8 @@ struct pid
> unsigned int level;
> /* lists of tasks that use this pid */
> struct hlist_head tasks[PIDTYPE_MAX];
> + /* wait queue for pidfd pollers */
> + wait_queue_head_t wait_pidfd;
> struct rcu_head rcu;
> struct upid numbers[1];
> };
> diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c
> index 20881598bdfa..5c90c239242f 100644
> --- a/kernel/pid.c
> +++ b/kernel/pid.c
> @@ -214,6 +214,8 @@ struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns)
> for (type = 0; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type)
> INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->tasks[type]);
>
> + init_waitqueue_head(&pid->wait_pidfd);
> +
> upid = pid->numbers + ns->level;
> spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock);
> if (!(ns->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING))
> diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
> index f98448cf2def..e3781703ef7e 100644
> --- a/kernel/signal.c
> +++ b/kernel/signal.c
> @@ -1800,6 +1800,17 @@ int send_sigqueue(struct sigqueue *q, struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type)
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static void do_wakeup_pidfd_pollers(struct task_struct *task)
> +{
> + struct pid *pid;
> +
> + lockdep_assert_held(&tasklist_lock);
> +
> + pid = get_task_pid(task, PIDTYPE_PID);
> + wake_up_all(&pid->wait_pidfd);
> + put_pid(pid);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Let a parent know about the death of a child.
> * For a stopped/continued status change, use do_notify_parent_cldstop instead.
> @@ -1823,6 +1834,9 @@ bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig)
> BUG_ON(!tsk->ptrace &&
> (tsk->group_leader != tsk || !thread_group_empty(tsk)));
>
> + /* Wake up all pidfd waiters */
> + do_wakeup_pidfd_pollers(tsk);
> +
> if (sig != SIGCHLD) {
> /*
> * This is only possible if parent == real_parent.
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/Makefile
> index deaf8073bc06..4b31c14f273c 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/Makefile
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/Makefile
> @@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
> -CFLAGS += -g -I../../../../usr/include/
> +CFLAGS += -g -I../../../../usr/include/ -lpthread
>
> TEST_GEN_PROGS := pidfd_test
>
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/pidfd_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/pidfd_test.c
> index d59378a93782..57ae217339e9 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/pidfd_test.c
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/pidfd_test.c
> @@ -4,18 +4,26 @@
> #include <errno.h>
> #include <fcntl.h>
> #include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <pthread.h>
> #include <sched.h>
> #include <signal.h>
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include <stdlib.h>
> #include <string.h>
> #include <syscall.h>
> +#include <sys/epoll.h>
> +#include <sys/mman.h>
> #include <sys/mount.h>
> #include <sys/wait.h>
> +#include <time.h>
> #include <unistd.h>
>
> #include "../kselftest.h"
>
> +#define CHILD_THREAD_MIN_WAIT 3 /* seconds */
> +#define MAX_EVENTS 5
> +#define __NR_pidfd_send_signal 424
> +
> static inline int sys_pidfd_send_signal(int pidfd, int sig, siginfo_t *info,
> unsigned int flags)
> {
> @@ -30,6 +38,22 @@ static void set_signal_received_on_sigusr1(int sig)
> signal_received = 1;
> }
>
> +static int open_pidfd(const char *test_name, pid_t pid)
> +{
> + char buf[256];
> + int pidfd;
> +
> + snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%d", pid);
> + pidfd = open(buf, O_DIRECTORY | O_CLOEXEC);
> +
> + if (pidfd < 0)
> + ksft_exit_fail_msg(
> + "%s test: Failed to open process file descriptor\n",
> + test_name);
> +
> + return pidfd;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Straightforward test to see whether pidfd_send_signal() works is to send
> * a signal to ourself.
> @@ -87,7 +111,6 @@ static int wait_for_pid(pid_t pid)
> static int test_pidfd_send_signal_exited_fail(void)
> {
> int pidfd, ret, saved_errno;
> - char buf[256];
> pid_t pid;
> const char *test_name = "pidfd_send_signal signal exited process";
>
> @@ -99,17 +122,10 @@ static int test_pidfd_send_signal_exited_fail(void)
> if (pid == 0)
> _exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
>
> - snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%d", pid);
> -
> - pidfd = open(buf, O_DIRECTORY | O_CLOEXEC);
> + pidfd = open_pidfd(test_name, pid);
>
> (void)wait_for_pid(pid);
>
> - if (pidfd < 0)
> - ksft_exit_fail_msg(
> - "%s test: Failed to open process file descriptor\n",
> - test_name);
> -
> ret = sys_pidfd_send_signal(pidfd, 0, NULL, 0);
> saved_errno = errno;
> close(pidfd);
> @@ -368,10 +384,179 @@ static int test_pidfd_send_signal_syscall_support(void)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +void *test_pidfd_poll_exec_thread(void *priv)
> +{
> + char waittime[256];
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Child Thread: starting. pid %d tid %d ; and sleeping\n",
> + getpid(), syscall(SYS_gettid));
> + ksft_print_msg("Child Thread: doing exec of sleep\n");
> +
> + sprintf(waittime, "%d", CHILD_THREAD_MIN_WAIT);
> + execl("/bin/sleep", "sleep", waittime, (char *)NULL);
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Child Thread: DONE. pid %d tid %d\n",
> + getpid(), syscall(SYS_gettid));
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int poll_pidfd(const char *test_name, int pidfd)
> +{
> + int c;
> + int epoll_fd = epoll_create1(0);
> + struct epoll_event event, events[MAX_EVENTS];
> +
> + if (epoll_fd == -1)
> + ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s test: Failed to create epoll file descriptor\n",
> + test_name);
> +
> + event.events = EPOLLIN;
> + event.data.fd = pidfd;
> +
> + if (epoll_ctl(epoll_fd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, pidfd, &event)) {
> + ksft_print_msg("%s test: Failed to add epoll file descriptor: Skipping\n",
> + test_name);
> + _exit(PIDFD_SKIP);
> + }
> +
> + c = epoll_wait(epoll_fd, events, MAX_EVENTS, 5000);
> + if (c != 1 || !(events[0].events & EPOLLIN))
> + ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s test: Unexpected epoll_wait result (c=%d, events=%x)\n",
> + test_name, c, events[0].events);
> +
> + close(epoll_fd);
> + return events[0].events;
> +
> +}
> +
> +int test_pidfd_poll_exec(int use_waitpid)
> +{
> + int pid, pidfd;
> + int status, ret;
> + pthread_t t1;
> + time_t prog_start = time(NULL);
> + const char *test_name = "pidfd_poll check for premature notification on child thread exec";
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: pid: %d\n", getpid());
> + pid = fork();
> + if (pid == 0) {
> + ksft_print_msg("Child: starting. pid %d tid %d\n", getpid(),
> + syscall(SYS_gettid));
> + pthread_create(&t1, NULL, test_pidfd_poll_exec_thread, NULL);
> + /*
> + * Exec in the non-leader thread will destroy the leader immediately.
> + * If the wait in the parent returns too soon, the test fails.
> + */
> + while (1)
> + ;
> + }
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: Waiting for Child (%d) to complete.\n", pid);
> +
> + if (use_waitpid) {
> + ret = waitpid(pid, &status, 0);
> + if (ret == -1)
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: error\n");
> +
> + if (ret == pid)
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: Child process waited for.\n");
> + } else {
> + pidfd = open_pidfd(test_name, pid);
> + poll_pidfd(test_name, pidfd);
> + }
> +
> + time_t prog_time = time(NULL) - prog_start;
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Time waited for child: %lu\n", prog_time);
> +
> + close(pidfd);
> +
> + if (prog_time < CHILD_THREAD_MIN_WAIT || prog_time > CHILD_THREAD_MIN_WAIT + 2)
> + ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s test: Failed\n", test_name);
> + else
> + ksft_test_result_pass("%s test: Passed\n", test_name);
> +}
> +
> +void *test_pidfd_poll_leader_exit_thread(void *priv)
> +{
> + char waittime[256];
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Child Thread: starting. pid %d tid %d ; and sleeping\n",
> + getpid(), syscall(SYS_gettid));
> + sleep(CHILD_THREAD_MIN_WAIT);
> + ksft_print_msg("Child Thread: DONE. pid %d tid %d\n", getpid(), syscall(SYS_gettid));
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static time_t *child_exit_secs;
> +int test_pidfd_poll_leader_exit(int use_waitpid)
> +{
> + int pid, pidfd;
> + int status, ret;
> + pthread_t t1, t2;
> + time_t prog_start = time(NULL);
> + const char *test_name = "pidfd_poll check for premature notification on non-empty"
> + "group leader exit";
> +
> + child_exit_secs = mmap(NULL, sizeof *child_exit_secs, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
> + MAP_SHARED | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: pid: %d\n", getpid());
> + pid = fork();
> + if (pid == 0) {
> + ksft_print_msg("Child: starting. pid %d tid %d\n", getpid(), syscall(SYS_gettid));
> + pthread_create(&t1, NULL, test_pidfd_poll_leader_exit_thread, NULL);
> + pthread_create(&t2, NULL, test_pidfd_poll_leader_exit_thread, NULL);
> +
> + /*
> + * glibc exit calls exit_group syscall, so explicity call exit only
> + * so that only the group leader exits, leaving the threads alone.
> + */
> + *child_exit_secs = time(NULL);
> + syscall(SYS_exit, 0);
> + }
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: Waiting for Child (%d) to complete.\n", pid);
> +
> + if (use_waitpid) {
> + ret = waitpid(pid, &status, 0);
> + if (ret == -1)
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: error\n");
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * This sleep tests for the case where if the child exits, and is in
> + * EXIT_ZOMBIE, but the thread group leader is non-empty, then the poll
> + * doesn't prematurely return even though there are active threads
> + */
> + sleep(1);
> + pidfd = open_pidfd(test_name, pid);
> + poll_pidfd(test_name, pidfd);
> + }
> +
> + if (ret == pid)
> + ksft_print_msg("Parent: Child process waited for.\n");
> +
> + time_t since_child_exit = time(NULL) - *child_exit_secs;
> +
> + ksft_print_msg("Time since child exit: %lu\n", since_child_exit);
> +
> + close(pidfd);
> +
> + if (since_child_exit < CHILD_THREAD_MIN_WAIT ||
> + since_child_exit > CHILD_THREAD_MIN_WAIT + 2)
> + ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s test: Failed\n", test_name);
> + else
> + ksft_test_result_pass("%s test: Passed\n", test_name);
> +}
> +
> int main(int argc, char **argv)
> {
> ksft_print_header();
>
> + test_pidfd_poll_exec(0);
> + test_pidfd_poll_exec(1);
> + test_pidfd_poll_leader_exit(0);
> + test_pidfd_poll_leader_exit(1);
> test_pidfd_send_signal_syscall_support();
> test_pidfd_send_signal_simple_success();
> test_pidfd_send_signal_exited_fail();

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