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Subject[PATCH 1/2] vfio/mdev: add version field as mandatory attribute for mdev device
Date
device version attribute in mdev sysfs is used by user space software
(e.g. libvirt) to query device compatibility for live migration of VFIO
mdev devices. This attribute is mandatory if a mdev device supports live
migration.

It consists of two parts: common part and vendor proprietary part.
common part: 32 bit. lower 16 bits is vendor id and higher 16 bits
identifies device type. e.g., for pci device, it is
"pci vendor id" | (VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI << 16).
vendor proprietary part: this part is varied in length. vendor driver can
specify any string to identify a device.

When reading this attribute, it should show device version string of the
device of type <type-id>. If a device does not support live migration, it
should return errno.
When writing a string to this attribute, it returns errno for
incompatibility or returns written string length in compatibility case.
If a device does not support live migration, it always returns errno.

For user space software to use:
1.
Before starting live migration, user space software first reads source side
mdev device's version. e.g.
"#cat \
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/5ac1fb20-2bbf-4842-bb7e-36c58c3be9cd/mdev_type/version"
00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_4

2.
Then, user space software writes the source side returned version string
to device version attribute in target side, and checks the return value.
If a negative errno is returned in the target side, then mdev devices in
source and target sides are not compatible;
If a positive number is returned and it equals to the length of written
string, then the two mdev devices in source and target side are compatible.
e.g.
(a) compatibility case
"# echo 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_4 >
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/882cc4da-dede-11e7-9180-078a62063ab1/mdev_type/version"

(b) incompatibility case
"#echo 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_1 >
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/882cc4da-dede-11e7-9180-078a62063ab1/mdev_type/version"
-bash: echo: write error: Invalid argument

3. if two mdev devices are compatible, user space software can start
live migration, and vice versa.

Note: if a mdev device does not support live migration, it either does
not provide a version attribute, or always returns errno when its version
attribute is read/written.

Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Cc: Erik Skultety <eskultet@redhat.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Cornelia Huck <cohuck@redhat.com>
Cc: "Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com>
Cc: Zhenyu Wang <zhenyuw@linux.intel.com>
Cc: "Wang, Zhi A" <zhi.a.wang@intel.com>
Cc: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Cc: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>

Signed-off-by: Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com>
---
Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c | 17 ++++++++++++
samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c | 16 ++++++++++++
samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c | 16 ++++++++++++
4 files changed, 85 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
index c3f69bcaf96e..bc28471c0667 100644
--- a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
+++ b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
@@ -202,6 +202,7 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
| | |--- available_instances
| | |--- device_api
| | |--- description
+ | | |--- version
| | |--- [devices]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| | |--- create
@@ -209,6 +210,7 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
| | |--- available_instances
| | |--- device_api
| | |--- description
+ | | |--- version
| | |--- [devices]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| |--- create
@@ -216,6 +218,7 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
| |--- available_instances
| |--- device_api
| |--- description
+ | |--- version
| |--- [devices]

* [mdev_supported_types]
@@ -225,6 +228,8 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
[<type-id>], device_api, and available_instances are mandatory attributes
that should be provided by vendor driver.

+ version is a mandatory attribute if a mdev device supports live migration.
+
* [<type-id>]

The [<type-id>] name is created by adding the device driver string as a prefix
@@ -246,6 +251,35 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
This attribute should show the number of devices of type <type-id> that can be
created.

+* version
+
+ This attribute is rw. It is used to check whether two devices are compatible
+ for live migration. If this attribute is missing, then the corresponding mdev
+ device is regarded as not supporting live migration.
+
+ It consists of two parts: common part and vendor proprietary part.
+ common part: 32 bit. lower 16 bits is vendor id and higher 16 bits identifies
+ device type. e.g., for pci device, it is
+ "pci vendor id" | (VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI << 16).
+ vendor proprietary part: this part is varied in length. vendor driver can
+ specify any string to identify a device.
+
+ When reading this attribute, it should show device version string of the device
+ of type <type-id>. If a device does not support live migration, it should
+ return errno.
+ When writing a string to this attribute, it returns errno for incompatibility
+ or returns written string length in compatibility case. If a device does not
+ support live migration, it always returns errno.
+
+ for example.
+ # cat \
+ /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/mdev_supported_types/i915-GVTg_V5_2/version
+ 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_2
+
+ #echo 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_2 > \
+ /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/mdev_supported_types/i915-GVTg_V5_4/version
+ -bash: echo: write error: Invalid argument
+
* [device]

This directory contains links to the devices of type <type-id> that have been
@@ -327,12 +361,14 @@ card.
| | |-- available_instances
| | |-- create
| | |-- device_api
+ | | |-- version
| | |-- devices
| | `-- name
| `-- mtty-2
| |-- available_instances
| |-- create
| |-- device_api
+ | |-- version
| |-- devices
| `-- name
|-- mtty_dev
diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
index b038aa9f5a70..2f5ba96b91a2 100644
--- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
+++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
@@ -1391,11 +1391,28 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
}
MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);

+static ssize_t version_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ /* do not support live migration */
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static ssize_t version_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ /* do not support live migration */
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(version);
+
static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
&mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_description.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
+ &mdev_type_attr_version.attr,
NULL,
};

diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
index cc86bf6566e4..ff15fdfc7d46 100644
--- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
+++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
@@ -695,11 +695,27 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
}
MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);

+static ssize_t version_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ /* do not support live migration */
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static ssize_t version_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ /* do not support live migration */
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(version);
+
static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
&mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_description.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
+ &mdev_type_attr_version.attr,
NULL,
};

diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
index 1c77c370c92f..4ae3aad3474d 100644
--- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
+++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
@@ -1390,10 +1390,26 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,

MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);

+static ssize_t version_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ /* do not support live migration */
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static ssize_t version_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ /* do not support live migration */
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(version);
static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
&mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
&mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
+ &mdev_type_attr_version.attr,
NULL,
};

--
2.17.1
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