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Subject[PATCH 5.0 92/93] bpf: fix use after free in bpf_evict_inode
[ Upstream commit 1da6c4d9140cb7c13e87667dc4e1488d6c8fc10f ]

syzkaller was able to generate the following UAF in bpf:

BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in lookup_last fs/namei.c:2269 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in path_lookupat.isra.43+0x9f8/0xc00 fs/namei.c:2318
Read of size 1 at addr ffff8801c4865c47 by task syz-executor2/9423

CPU: 0 PID: 9423 Comm: syz-executor2 Not tainted 4.20.0-rc1-next-20181109+
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS
Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
__dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
dump_stack+0x244/0x39d lib/dump_stack.c:113
print_address_description.cold.7+0x9/0x1ff mm/kasan/report.c:256
kasan_report_error mm/kasan/report.c:354 [inline]
kasan_report.cold.8+0x242/0x309 mm/kasan/report.c:412
__asan_report_load1_noabort+0x14/0x20 mm/kasan/report.c:430
lookup_last fs/namei.c:2269 [inline]
path_lookupat.isra.43+0x9f8/0xc00 fs/namei.c:2318
filename_lookup+0x26a/0x520 fs/namei.c:2348
user_path_at_empty+0x40/0x50 fs/namei.c:2608
user_path include/linux/namei.h:62 [inline]
do_mount+0x180/0x1ff0 fs/namespace.c:2980
ksys_mount+0x12d/0x140 fs/namespace.c:3258
__do_sys_mount fs/namespace.c:3272 [inline]
__se_sys_mount fs/namespace.c:3269 [inline]
__x64_sys_mount+0xbe/0x150 fs/namespace.c:3269
do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
RIP: 0033:0x457569
Code: fd b3 fb ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 66 90 48 89 f8 48 89 f7
48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff
ff 0f 83 cb b3 fb ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00
RSP: 002b:00007fde6ed96c78 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000a5
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000005 RCX: 0000000000457569
RDX: 0000000020000040 RSI: 0000000020000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
RBP: 000000000072bf00 R08: 0000000020000340 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000200000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007fde6ed976d4
R13: 00000000004c2c24 R14: 00000000004d4990 R15: 00000000ffffffff

Allocated by task 9424:
save_stack+0x43/0xd0 mm/kasan/kasan.c:448
set_track mm/kasan/kasan.c:460 [inline]
kasan_kmalloc+0xc7/0xe0 mm/kasan/kasan.c:553
__do_kmalloc mm/slab.c:3722 [inline]
__kmalloc_track_caller+0x157/0x760 mm/slab.c:3737
kstrdup+0x39/0x70 mm/util.c:49
bpf_symlink+0x26/0x140 kernel/bpf/inode.c:356
vfs_symlink+0x37a/0x5d0 fs/namei.c:4127
do_symlinkat+0x242/0x2d0 fs/namei.c:4154
__do_sys_symlink fs/namei.c:4173 [inline]
__se_sys_symlink fs/namei.c:4171 [inline]
__x64_sys_symlink+0x59/0x80 fs/namei.c:4171
do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290

Freed by task 9425:
save_stack+0x43/0xd0 mm/kasan/kasan.c:448
set_track mm/kasan/kasan.c:460 [inline]
__kasan_slab_free+0x102/0x150 mm/kasan/kasan.c:521
kasan_slab_free+0xe/0x10 mm/kasan/kasan.c:528
__cache_free mm/slab.c:3498 [inline]
kfree+0xcf/0x230 mm/slab.c:3817
bpf_evict_inode+0x11f/0x150 kernel/bpf/inode.c:565
evict+0x4b9/0x980 fs/inode.c:558
iput_final fs/inode.c:1550 [inline]
iput+0x674/0xa90 fs/inode.c:1576
do_unlinkat+0x733/0xa30 fs/namei.c:4069
__do_sys_unlink fs/namei.c:4110 [inline]
__se_sys_unlink fs/namei.c:4108 [inline]
__x64_sys_unlink+0x42/0x50 fs/namei.c:4108
do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290

In this scenario path lookup under RCU is racing with the final
unlink in case of symlinks. As Linus puts it in his analysis:

[...] We actually RCU-delay the inode freeing itself, but
when we do the final iput(), the "evict()" function is called
synchronously. Now, the simple fix would seem to just RCU-delay
the kfree() of the symlink data in bpf_evict_inode(). Maybe
that's the right thing to do. [...]

Al suggested to piggy-back on the ->destroy_inode() callback in
order to implement RCU deferral there which can then kfree() the
inode->i_link eventually right before putting inode back into
inode cache. By reusing free_inode_nonrcu() from there we can
avoid the need for our own inode cache and just reuse generic
one as we currently do.

And in-fact on top of all this we should just get rid of the
bpf_evict_inode() entirely. This means truncate_inode_pages_final()
and clear_inode() will then simply be called by the fs core via
evict(). Dropping the reference should really only be done when
inode is unhashed and nothing reachable anymore, so it's better
also moved into the final ->destroy_inode() callback.

Fixes: 0f98621bef5d ("bpf, inode: add support for symlinks and fix mtime/ctime")
Suggested-by: Al Viro <>
Analyzed-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Acked-by: Al Viro <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin (Microsoft) <>
kernel/bpf/inode.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++--------------
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/bpf/inode.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/inode.c
@@ -554,19 +554,6 @@ struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get_type_path(

-static void bpf_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
- enum bpf_type type;
- truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data);
- clear_inode(inode);
- if (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode))
- kfree(inode->i_link);
- if (!bpf_inode_type(inode, &type))
- bpf_any_put(inode->i_private, type);
* Display the mount options in /proc/mounts.
@@ -579,11 +566,28 @@ static int bpf_show_options(struct seq_f
return 0;

+static void bpf_destroy_inode_deferred(struct rcu_head *head)
+ struct inode *inode = container_of(head, struct inode, i_rcu);
+ enum bpf_type type;
+ if (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode))
+ kfree(inode->i_link);
+ if (!bpf_inode_type(inode, &type))
+ bpf_any_put(inode->i_private, type);
+ free_inode_nonrcu(inode);
+static void bpf_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
+ call_rcu(&inode->i_rcu, bpf_destroy_inode_deferred);
static const struct super_operations bpf_super_ops = {
.statfs = simple_statfs,
.drop_inode = generic_delete_inode,
.show_options = bpf_show_options,
- .evict_inode = bpf_evict_inode,
+ .destroy_inode = bpf_destroy_inode,

enum {

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