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Subject[PATCH bpf-next v2 2/3] selftests: bpf: read netns from struct bpf_sock_ops
Date
From: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>

This shows how a sockops program could be restricted to a specific
network namespace. The sockops program looks at the current netns via
(struct bpf_sock_ops)->netns and checks if the value matches the
configuration in the new BPF map "sock_netns".

The test program ./test_sockmap accepts a new parameter "--netns"; the
default value is the current netns found by stat() on /proc/self/ns/net,
so the previous tests still pass:

sudo ./test_sockmap
...
Summary: 412 PASSED 0 FAILED
...
Summary: 824 PASSED 0 FAILED

I run my additional test in the following way:

NETNS=$(readlink /proc/self/ns/net | sed 's/^net:\[\(.*\)\]$/\1/')
CGR=/sys/fs/cgroup/unified/user.slice/user-1000.slice/session-5.scope/
sudo ./test_sockmap --cgroup $CGR --netns $NETNS &

cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace_pipe

echo foo | nc -l 127.0.0.1 8080 &
echo bar | nc 127.0.0.1 8080

=> the connection goes through the sockmap

When testing with a wrong $NETNS, I get the trace_pipe log:
> not binding connection on netns 4026531992

Signed-off-by: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>

---

Changes since v1:
- tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h: update with netns_dev
- tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap_kern.h: print debugs with
both netns_dev and netns_ino
---
tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 2 +
tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap.c | 38 +++++++++++++++++--
.../testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap_kern.h | 22 +++++++++++
3 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 704bb69514a2..eb56620a9d7a 100644
--- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -3206,6 +3206,8 @@ struct bpf_sock_ops {
__u32 sk_txhash;
__u64 bytes_received;
__u64 bytes_acked;
+ __u64 netns_dev;
+ __u64 netns_ino;
};

/* Definitions for bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags */
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap.c
index 3845144e2c91..5a1b9c96fca1 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap.c
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
// Copyright (c) 2017-2018 Covalent IO, Inc. http://covalent.io
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/select.h>
@@ -21,6 +22,7 @@
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/sendfile.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>

#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
@@ -63,8 +65,8 @@ int s1, s2, c1, c2, p1, p2;
int test_cnt;
int passed;
int failed;
-int map_fd[8];
-struct bpf_map *maps[8];
+int map_fd[9];
+struct bpf_map *maps[9];
int prog_fd[11];

int txmsg_pass;
@@ -84,6 +86,7 @@ int txmsg_ingress;
int txmsg_skb;
int ktls;
int peek_flag;
+uint64_t netns_opt;

static const struct option long_options[] = {
{"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h' },
@@ -111,6 +114,7 @@ static const struct option long_options[] = {
{"txmsg_skb", no_argument, &txmsg_skb, 1 },
{"ktls", no_argument, &ktls, 1 },
{"peek", no_argument, &peek_flag, 1 },
+ {"netns", required_argument, NULL, 'n'},
{0, 0, NULL, 0 }
};

@@ -1585,6 +1589,7 @@ char *map_names[] = {
"sock_bytes",
"sock_redir_flags",
"sock_skb_opts",
+ "sock_netns",
};

int prog_attach_type[] = {
@@ -1619,6 +1624,8 @@ static int populate_progs(char *bpf_file)
struct bpf_object *obj;
int i = 0;
long err;
+ struct stat netns_sb;
+ uint64_t netns_ino;

obj = bpf_object__open(bpf_file);
err = libbpf_get_error(obj);
@@ -1655,6 +1662,28 @@ static int populate_progs(char *bpf_file)
}
}

+ if (netns_opt == 0) {
+ err = stat("/proc/self/ns/net", &netns_sb);
+ if (err) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "ERROR: cannot stat network namespace: %ld (%s)\n",
+ err, strerror(errno));
+ return -1;
+ }
+ netns_ino = netns_sb.st_ino;
+ } else {
+ netns_ino = netns_opt;
+ }
+ i = 1;
+ err = bpf_map_update_elem(map_fd[8], &netns_ino, &i, BPF_ANY);
+ if (err) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "ERROR: bpf_map_update_elem (netns): %ld (%s)\n",
+ err, strerror(errno));
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+
return 0;
}

@@ -1738,7 +1767,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
if (argc < 2)
return test_suite(-1);

- while ((opt = getopt_long(argc, argv, ":dhvc:r:i:l:t:p:q:",
+ while ((opt = getopt_long(argc, argv, ":dhvc:r:i:l:t:p:q:n:",
long_options, &longindex)) != -1) {
switch (opt) {
case 's':
@@ -1805,6 +1834,9 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
return -1;
}
break;
+ case 'n':
+ netns_opt = strtoull(optarg, NULL, 10);
+ break;
case 0:
break;
case 'h':
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap_kern.h b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap_kern.h
index e7639f66a941..317406dad6cf 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap_kern.h
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_sockmap_kern.h
@@ -91,6 +91,13 @@ struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") sock_skb_opts = {
.max_entries = 1
};

+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") sock_netns = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
+ .key_size = sizeof(__u64),
+ .value_size = sizeof(int),
+ .max_entries = 16
+};
+
SEC("sk_skb1")
int bpf_prog1(struct __sk_buff *skb)
{
@@ -132,9 +139,24 @@ int bpf_sockmap(struct bpf_sock_ops *skops)
{
__u32 lport, rport;
int op, err = 0, index, key, ret;
+ int i = 0;
+ __u64 netns_dev, netns_ino;
+ int *allowed;


op = (int) skops->op;
+ netns_dev = skops->netns_dev;
+ netns_ino = skops->netns_ino;
+ bpf_printk("bpf_sockmap: netns_dev = %lu netns_ino = %lu\n",
+ netns_dev, netns_ino);
+
+ // Only allow sockmap connection on the configured network namespace
+ allowed = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&sock_netns, &netns_ino);
+ if (allowed == NULL || *allowed == 0) {
+ bpf_printk("not binding connection on netns_ino %lu\n",
+ netns_ino);
+ return 0;
+ }

switch (op) {
case BPF_SOCK_OPS_PASSIVE_ESTABLISHED_CB:
--
2.20.1
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