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SubjectRe: [patch V2 28/29] stacktrace: Provide common infrastructure
On Thu, Apr 18, 2019 at 10:41:47AM +0200, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> All architectures which support stacktrace carry duplicated code and
> do the stack storage and filtering at the architecture side.
>
> Provide a consolidated interface with a callback function for consuming the
> stack entries provided by the architecture specific stack walker. This
> removes lots of duplicated code and allows to implement better filtering
> than 'skip number of entries' in the future without touching any
> architecture specific code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
> ---
> include/linux/stacktrace.h | 38 +++++++++
> kernel/stacktrace.c | 173 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> lib/Kconfig | 4 +
> 3 files changed, 215 insertions(+)
>
> --- a/include/linux/stacktrace.h
> +++ b/include/linux/stacktrace.h
> @@ -23,6 +23,43 @@ unsigned int stack_trace_save_regs(struc
> unsigned int stack_trace_save_user(unsigned long *store, unsigned int size);
>
> /* Internal interfaces. Do not use in generic code */
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_STACKWALK
> +
> +/**
> + * stack_trace_consume_fn - Callback for arch_stack_walk()
> + * @cookie: Caller supplied pointer handed back by arch_stack_walk()
> + * @addr: The stack entry address to consume
> + * @reliable: True when the stack entry is reliable. Required by
> + * some printk based consumers.
> + *
> + * Returns: True, if the entry was consumed or skipped
> + * False, if there is no space left to store
> + */
> +typedef bool (*stack_trace_consume_fn)(void *cookie, unsigned long addr,
> + bool reliable);
> +/**
> + * arch_stack_walk - Architecture specific function to walk the stack
> +

Nit: no '*' at line beginning makes kernel-doc unhappy

> + * @consume_entry: Callback which is invoked by the architecture code for
> + * each entry.
> + * @cookie: Caller supplied pointer which is handed back to
> + * @consume_entry
> + * @task: Pointer to a task struct, can be NULL
> + * @regs: Pointer to registers, can be NULL
> + *
> + * @task @regs:
> + * NULL NULL Stack trace from current
> + * task NULL Stack trace from task (can be current)
> + * NULL regs Stack trace starting on regs->stackpointer

This will render as a single line with 'make *docs'.
Adding line separators makes this actually a table in the generated docs:

* ============ ======= ============================================
* task regs
* ============ ======= ============================================
* NULL NULL Stack trace from current
* task NULL Stack trace from task (can be current)
* NULL regs Stack trace starting on regs->stackpointer
* ============ ======= ============================================


> + */
> +void arch_stack_walk(stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry, void *cookie,
> + struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs);
> +int arch_stack_walk_reliable(stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry, void *cookie,
> + struct task_struct *task);
> +void arch_stack_walk_user(stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry, void *cookie,
> + const struct pt_regs *regs);
> +
> +#else /* CONFIG_ARCH_STACKWALK */
> struct stack_trace {
> unsigned int nr_entries, max_entries;
> unsigned long *entries;
> @@ -37,6 +74,7 @@ extern void save_stack_trace_tsk(struct
> extern int save_stack_trace_tsk_reliable(struct task_struct *tsk,
> struct stack_trace *trace);
> extern void save_stack_trace_user(struct stack_trace *trace);
> +#endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_STACKWALK */
> #endif /* CONFIG_STACKTRACE */
>
> #if defined(CONFIG_STACKTRACE) && defined(CONFIG_HAVE_RELIABLE_STACKTRACE)
> --- a/kernel/stacktrace.c
> +++ b/kernel/stacktrace.c
> @@ -5,6 +5,8 @@
> *
> * Copyright (C) 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> */
> +#include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/debug.h>
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/kernel.h>
> #include <linux/export.h>
> @@ -64,6 +66,175 @@ int stack_trace_snprint(char *buf, size_
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stack_trace_snprint);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_STACKWALK
> +
> +struct stacktrace_cookie {
> + unsigned long *store;
> + unsigned int size;
> + unsigned int skip;
> + unsigned int len;
> +};
> +
> +static bool stack_trace_consume_entry(void *cookie, unsigned long addr,
> + bool reliable)
> +{
> + struct stacktrace_cookie *c = cookie;
> +
> + if (c->len >= c->size)
> + return false;
> +
> + if (c->skip > 0) {
> + c->skip--;
> + return true;
> + }
> + c->store[c->len++] = addr;
> + return c->len < c->size;
> +}
> +
> +static bool stack_trace_consume_entry_nosched(void *cookie, unsigned long addr,
> + bool reliable)
> +{
> + if (in_sched_functions(addr))
> + return true;
> + return stack_trace_consume_entry(cookie, addr, reliable);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * stack_trace_save - Save a stack trace into a storage array
> + * @store: Pointer to storage array
> + * @size: Size of the storage array
> + * @skipnr: Number of entries to skip at the start of the stack trace
> + *
> + * Returns number of entries stored.

Can you please s/Returns/Return:/ so that kernel-doc will recognize this as
return section.

This is relevant for other comments below as well.

> + */
> +unsigned int stack_trace_save(unsigned long *store, unsigned int size,
> + unsigned int skipnr)
> +{
> + stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry = stack_trace_consume_entry;
> + struct stacktrace_cookie c = {
> + .store = store,
> + .size = size,
> + .skip = skipnr + 1,
> + };
> +
> + arch_stack_walk(consume_entry, &c, current, NULL);
> + return c.len;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stack_trace_save);
> +
> +/**
> + * stack_trace_save_tsk - Save a task stack trace into a storage array
> + * @task: The task to examine
> + * @store: Pointer to storage array
> + * @size: Size of the storage array
> + * @skipnr: Number of entries to skip at the start of the stack trace
> + *
> + * Returns number of entries stored.
> + */
> +unsigned int stack_trace_save_tsk(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *store,
> + unsigned int size, unsigned int skipnr)
> +{
> + stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry = stack_trace_consume_entry_nosched;
> + struct stacktrace_cookie c = {
> + .store = store,
> + .size = size,
> + .skip = skipnr + 1,
> + };
> +
> + if (!try_get_task_stack(tsk))
> + return 0;
> +
> + arch_stack_walk(consume_entry, &c, tsk, NULL);
> + put_task_stack(tsk);
> + return c.len;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * stack_trace_save_regs - Save a stack trace based on pt_regs into a storage array
> + * @regs: Pointer to pt_regs to examine
> + * @store: Pointer to storage array
> + * @size: Size of the storage array
> + * @skipnr: Number of entries to skip at the start of the stack trace
> + *
> + * Returns number of entries stored.
> + */
> +unsigned int stack_trace_save_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *store,
> + unsigned int size, unsigned int skipnr)
> +{
> + stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry = stack_trace_consume_entry;
> + struct stacktrace_cookie c = {
> + .store = store,
> + .size = size,
> + .skip = skipnr,
> + };
> +
> + arch_stack_walk(consume_entry, &c, current, regs);
> + return c.len;
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_RELIABLE_STACKTRACE
> +/**
> + * stack_trace_save_tsk_reliable - Save task stack with verification
> + * @tsk: Pointer to the task to examine
> + * @store: Pointer to storage array
> + * @size: Size of the storage array
> + *
> + * Returns: An error if it detects any unreliable features of the
> + * stack. Otherwise it guarantees that the stack trace is
> + * reliable and returns the number of entries stored.
> + *
> + * If the task is not 'current', the caller *must* ensure the task is inactive.
> + */
> +int stack_trace_save_tsk_reliable(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *store,
> + unsigned int size)
> +{
> + stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry = stack_trace_consume_entry;
> + struct stacktrace_cookie c = {
> + .store = store,
> + .size = size,
> + };
> + int ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * If the task doesn't have a stack (e.g., a zombie), the stack is
> + * "reliably" empty.
> + */
> + if (!try_get_task_stack(tsk))
> + return 0;
> +
> + ret = arch_stack_walk_reliable(consume_entry, &c, tsk);
> + put_task_stack(tsk);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_USER_STACKTRACE_SUPPORT
> +/**
> + * stack_trace_save_user - Save a user space stack trace into a storage array
> + * @store: Pointer to storage array
> + * @size: Size of the storage array
> + *
> + * Returns number of entries stored.
> + */
> +unsigned int stack_trace_save_user(unsigned long *store, unsigned int size)
> +{
> + stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry = stack_trace_consume_entry;
> + struct stacktrace_cookie c = {
> + .store = store,
> + .size = size,
> + };
> +
> + /* Trace user stack if not a kernel thread */
> + if (!current->mm)
> + return 0;
> +
> + arch_stack_walk_user(consume_entry, &c, task_pt_regs(current));
> + return c.len;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +#else /* CONFIG_ARCH_STACKWALK */
> +
> /*
> * Architectures that do not implement save_stack_trace_*()
> * get these weak aliases and once-per-bootup warnings
> @@ -193,3 +364,5 @@ unsigned int stack_trace_save_user(unsig
> return trace.nr_entries;
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_USER_STACKTRACE_SUPPORT */
> +
> +#endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_STACKWALK */
> --- a/lib/Kconfig
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig
> @@ -597,6 +597,10 @@ config ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE
> config ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_MCSAFE
> bool
>
> +# Temporary. Goes away when all archs are cleaned up
> +config ARCH_STACKWALK
> + bool
> +
> config STACKDEPOT
> bool
> select STACKTRACE
>
>

--
Sincerely yours,
Mike.

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