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SubjectRE: [PATCH v7 04/21] x86/split_lock: Align x86_capability to unsigned long to avoid split locked access
Date
From: Fenghua Yu
> Sent: 17 April 2019 22:34
>
> set_cpu_cap() calls locked BTS and clear_cpu_cap() calls locked BTR to
> operate on bitmap defined in x86_capability.
>
> Locked BTS/BTR accesses a single unsigned long location. In 64-bit mode,
> the location is at:
> base address of x86_capability + (bit offset in x86_capability / 64) * 8
>
> Since base address of x86_capability may not be aligned to unsigned long,
> the single unsigned long location may cross two cache lines and
> accessing the location by locked BTS/BTR introductions will cause
> split lock.

Isn't the problem that the type (and definition) of x86_capability[] are wrong.
If the 'bitmap' functions are used for it, it should be defined as a bitmap.
This would make it 'unsigned long' not __u32.

This type munging of bitmaps only works on LE systems.

OTOH the locked BTS/BTR instructions could be changed to use 32 bit accesses.
ISTR some of the associated functions use byte accesses.

Perhaps there ought to be asm wrappers for BTS/BTR that do 8bit and
32bit accesses.

>
> To fix the split lock issue, align x86_capability to size of unsigned long
> so that the location will be always within one cache line.
>
> Changing x86_capability's type to unsigned long may also fix the issue
> because x86_capability will be naturally aligned to size of unsigned long.
> But this needs additional code changes. So choose the simpler solution
> by setting the array's alignment to size of unsigned long.
>
> Signed-off-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 4 +++-
> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
> index 2bb3a648fc12..7c62b9ad6e5a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
> @@ -93,7 +93,9 @@ struct cpuinfo_x86 {
> __u32 extended_cpuid_level;
> /* Maximum supported CPUID level, -1=no CPUID: */
> int cpuid_level;
> - __u32 x86_capability[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS];
> + /* Aligned to size of unsigned long to avoid split lock in atomic ops */
> + __u32 x86_capability[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]
> + __aligned(sizeof(unsigned long));
> char x86_vendor_id[16];
> char x86_model_id[64];
> /* in KB - valid for CPUS which support this call: */
> --
> 2.19.1

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