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Subject[PATCH v5 05/18] locking/rwsem: Code cleanup after files merging
Date
After merging all the relevant rwsem code into one single file, there
are a number of optimizations and cleanups that can be done:

1) Remove all the EXPORT_SYMBOL() calls for functions that are not
accessed elsewhere.
2) Remove all the __visible tags as none of the functions will be
called from assembly code anymore.
3) Make all the internal functions static.
4) Remove some unneeded blank lines.
5) Remove the intermediate rwsem_down_{read|write}_failed*() functions
and rename __rwsem_down_{read|write}_failed_common() to
rwsem_down_{read|write}_slowpath().
6) Use atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_acquire() as much as possible.
7) Remove the rwsem_rtrylock and rwsem_wtrylock lock events as they
are not that useful.

That enables the compiler to do better optimization and reduce code
size. The text+data size of rwsem.o on an x86-64 machine with gcc8 was
reduced from 10237 bytes to 5030 bytes with this change.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
---
kernel/locking/lock_events_list.h | 2 -
kernel/locking/rwsem.c | 119 +++++++++---------------------
2 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 87 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/locking/lock_events_list.h b/kernel/locking/lock_events_list.h
index ad7668cfc9da..11187a1d40b8 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lock_events_list.h
+++ b/kernel/locking/lock_events_list.h
@@ -61,7 +61,5 @@ LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_opt_fail) /* # of failed opt-spinnings */
LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_rlock) /* # of read locks acquired */
LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_rlock_fast) /* # of fast read locks acquired */
LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_rlock_fail) /* # of failed read lock acquisitions */
-LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_rtrylock) /* # of read trylock calls */
LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_wlock) /* # of write locks acquired */
LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_wlock_fail) /* # of failed write lock acquisitions */
-LOCK_EVENT(rwsem_wtrylock) /* # of write trylock calls */
diff --git a/kernel/locking/rwsem.c b/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
index 06e060c360d8..467279ffbd4c 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
@@ -205,7 +205,6 @@ void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name,
osq_lock_init(&sem->osq);
#endif
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__init_rwsem);

enum rwsem_waiter_type {
@@ -304,7 +303,7 @@ static void __rwsem_mark_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem,
list_del(&waiter->list);
/*
* Ensure calling get_task_struct() before setting the reader
- * waiter to nil such that rwsem_down_read_failed() cannot
+ * waiter to nil such that rwsem_down_read_slowpath() cannot
* race with do_exit() by always holding a reference count
* to the task to wakeup.
*/
@@ -500,8 +499,8 @@ static bool rwsem_optimistic_spin(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
/*
* Wait for the read lock to be granted
*/
-static inline struct rw_semaphore __sched *
-__rwsem_down_read_failed_common(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int state)
+static struct rw_semaphore __sched *
+rwsem_down_read_slowpath(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int state)
{
long count, adjustment = -RWSEM_READER_BIAS;
struct rwsem_waiter waiter;
@@ -573,25 +572,11 @@ __rwsem_down_read_failed_common(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int state)
return ERR_PTR(-EINTR);
}

-__visible struct rw_semaphore * __sched
-rwsem_down_read_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
-{
- return __rwsem_down_read_failed_common(sem, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_down_read_failed);
-
-__visible struct rw_semaphore * __sched
-rwsem_down_read_failed_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
-{
- return __rwsem_down_read_failed_common(sem, TASK_KILLABLE);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_down_read_failed_killable);
-
/*
* Wait until we successfully acquire the write lock
*/
-static inline struct rw_semaphore *
-__rwsem_down_write_failed_common(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int state)
+static struct rw_semaphore *
+rwsem_down_write_slowpath(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int state)
{
long count;
bool waiting = true; /* any queued threads before us */
@@ -692,26 +677,11 @@ __rwsem_down_write_failed_common(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int state)
return ERR_PTR(-EINTR);
}

-__visible struct rw_semaphore * __sched
-rwsem_down_write_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
-{
- return __rwsem_down_write_failed_common(sem, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_down_write_failed);
-
-__visible struct rw_semaphore * __sched
-rwsem_down_write_failed_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
-{
- return __rwsem_down_write_failed_common(sem, TASK_KILLABLE);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_down_write_failed_killable);
-
/*
* handle waking up a waiter on the semaphore
* - up_read/up_write has decremented the active part of count if we come here
*/
-__visible
-struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
+static struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
unsigned long flags;
DEFINE_WAKE_Q(wake_q);
@@ -726,15 +696,13 @@ struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)

return sem;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_wake);

/*
* downgrade a write lock into a read lock
* - caller incremented waiting part of count and discovered it still negative
* - just wake up any readers at the front of the queue
*/
-__visible
-struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_downgrade_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
+static struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_downgrade_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
unsigned long flags;
DEFINE_WAKE_Q(wake_q);
@@ -749,7 +717,6 @@ struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_downgrade_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)

return sem;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_downgrade_wake);

/*
* lock for reading
@@ -758,7 +725,7 @@ inline void __down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
if (unlikely(atomic_long_fetch_add_acquire(RWSEM_READER_BIAS,
&sem->count) & RWSEM_READ_FAILED_MASK)) {
- rwsem_down_read_failed(sem);
+ rwsem_down_read_slowpath(sem, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
DEBUG_RWSEMS_WARN_ON(!((unsigned long)sem->owner &
RWSEM_READER_OWNED), sem);
} else {
@@ -770,7 +737,7 @@ static inline int __down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
if (unlikely(atomic_long_fetch_add_acquire(RWSEM_READER_BIAS,
&sem->count) & RWSEM_READ_FAILED_MASK)) {
- if (IS_ERR(rwsem_down_read_failed_killable(sem)))
+ if (IS_ERR(rwsem_down_read_slowpath(sem, TASK_KILLABLE)))
return -EINTR;
DEBUG_RWSEMS_WARN_ON(!((unsigned long)sem->owner &
RWSEM_READER_OWNED), sem);
@@ -787,7 +754,6 @@ static inline int __down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
*/
long tmp = RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;

- lockevent_inc(rwsem_rtrylock);
do {
if (atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_acquire(&sem->count, &tmp,
tmp + RWSEM_READER_BIAS)) {
@@ -803,30 +769,33 @@ static inline int __down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
*/
static inline void __down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
- if (unlikely(atomic_long_cmpxchg_acquire(&sem->count, 0,
- RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED)))
- rwsem_down_write_failed(sem);
+ long tmp = RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;
+
+ if (unlikely(!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_acquire(&sem->count, &tmp,
+ RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED)))
+ rwsem_down_write_slowpath(sem, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
rwsem_set_owner(sem);
}

static inline int __down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
- if (unlikely(atomic_long_cmpxchg_acquire(&sem->count, 0,
- RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED)))
- if (IS_ERR(rwsem_down_write_failed_killable(sem)))
+ long tmp = RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;
+
+ if (unlikely(!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_acquire(&sem->count, &tmp,
+ RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED))) {
+ if (IS_ERR(rwsem_down_write_slowpath(sem, TASK_KILLABLE)))
return -EINTR;
+ }
rwsem_set_owner(sem);
return 0;
}

static inline int __down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
- long tmp;
+ long tmp = RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;

- lockevent_inc(rwsem_wtrylock);
- tmp = atomic_long_cmpxchg_acquire(&sem->count, RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE,
- RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED);
- if (tmp == RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE) {
+ if (atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_acquire(&sem->count, &tmp,
+ RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED)) {
rwsem_set_owner(sem);
return true;
}
@@ -840,12 +809,11 @@ inline void __up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
long tmp;

- DEBUG_RWSEMS_WARN_ON(!((unsigned long)sem->owner & RWSEM_READER_OWNED),
- sem);
+ DEBUG_RWSEMS_WARN_ON(!((unsigned long)sem->owner & RWSEM_READER_OWNED), sem);
rwsem_clear_reader_owned(sem);
tmp = atomic_long_add_return_release(-RWSEM_READER_BIAS, &sem->count);
- if (unlikely((tmp & (RWSEM_LOCK_MASK|RWSEM_FLAG_WAITERS))
- == RWSEM_FLAG_WAITERS))
+ if (unlikely((tmp & (RWSEM_LOCK_MASK|RWSEM_FLAG_WAITERS)) ==
+ RWSEM_FLAG_WAITERS))
rwsem_wake(sem);
}

@@ -854,10 +822,12 @@ inline void __up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
*/
static inline void __up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
+ long tmp;
+
DEBUG_RWSEMS_WARN_ON(sem->owner != current, sem);
rwsem_clear_owner(sem);
- if (unlikely(atomic_long_fetch_add_release(-RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED,
- &sem->count) & RWSEM_FLAG_WAITERS))
+ tmp = atomic_long_fetch_add_release(-RWSEM_WRITER_LOCKED, &sem->count);
+ if (unlikely(tmp & RWSEM_FLAG_WAITERS))
rwsem_wake(sem);
}

@@ -893,7 +863,6 @@ void __sched down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)

LOCK_CONTENDED(sem, __down_read_trylock, __down_read);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_read);

int __sched down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
@@ -908,7 +877,6 @@ int __sched down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem)

return 0;
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_read_killable);

/*
@@ -922,7 +890,6 @@ int down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
rwsem_acquire_read(&sem->dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_);
return ret;
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_read_trylock);

/*
@@ -932,10 +899,8 @@ void __sched down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
might_sleep();
rwsem_acquire(&sem->dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_);
-
LOCK_CONTENDED(sem, __down_write_trylock, __down_write);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_write);

/*
@@ -946,14 +911,14 @@ int __sched down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
might_sleep();
rwsem_acquire(&sem->dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_);

- if (LOCK_CONTENDED_RETURN(sem, __down_write_trylock, __down_write_killable)) {
+ if (LOCK_CONTENDED_RETURN(sem, __down_write_trylock,
+ __down_write_killable)) {
rwsem_release(&sem->dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);
return -EINTR;
}

return 0;
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_write_killable);

/*
@@ -968,7 +933,6 @@ int down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)

return ret;
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_write_trylock);

/*
@@ -977,10 +941,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_write_trylock);
void up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
rwsem_release(&sem->dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);
-
__up_read(sem);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(up_read);

/*
@@ -989,10 +951,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(up_read);
void up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
rwsem_release(&sem->dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);
-
__up_write(sem);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(up_write);

/*
@@ -1001,10 +961,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(up_write);
void downgrade_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
lock_downgrade(&sem->dep_map, _RET_IP_);
-
__downgrade_write(sem);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(downgrade_write);

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
@@ -1013,40 +971,32 @@ void down_read_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass)
{
might_sleep();
rwsem_acquire_read(&sem->dep_map, subclass, 0, _RET_IP_);
-
LOCK_CONTENDED(sem, __down_read_trylock, __down_read);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_read_nested);

void _down_write_nest_lock(struct rw_semaphore *sem, struct lockdep_map *nest)
{
might_sleep();
rwsem_acquire_nest(&sem->dep_map, 0, 0, nest, _RET_IP_);
-
LOCK_CONTENDED(sem, __down_write_trylock, __down_write);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(_down_write_nest_lock);

void down_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
might_sleep();
-
__down_read(sem);
__rwsem_set_reader_owned(sem, NULL);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_read_non_owner);

void down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass)
{
might_sleep();
rwsem_acquire(&sem->dep_map, subclass, 0, _RET_IP_);
-
LOCK_CONTENDED(sem, __down_write_trylock, __down_write);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_write_nested);

int __sched down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass)
@@ -1054,14 +1004,14 @@ int __sched down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass)
might_sleep();
rwsem_acquire(&sem->dep_map, subclass, 0, _RET_IP_);

- if (LOCK_CONTENDED_RETURN(sem, __down_write_trylock, __down_write_killable)) {
+ if (LOCK_CONTENDED_RETURN(sem, __down_write_trylock,
+ __down_write_killable)) {
rwsem_release(&sem->dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);
return -EINTR;
}

return 0;
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(down_write_killable_nested);

void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
@@ -1070,7 +1020,6 @@ void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
sem);
__up_read(sem);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(up_read_non_owner);

#endif
--
2.18.1
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