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Subject[tip:x86/irq] x86/exceptions: Make IST index zero based
Commit-ID:  8f34c5b5afce91d171bb0802631197484cb69b8b
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/8f34c5b5afce91d171bb0802631197484cb69b8b
Author: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
AuthorDate: Sun, 14 Apr 2019 17:59:45 +0200
Committer: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
CommitDate: Wed, 17 Apr 2019 12:48:00 +0200

x86/exceptions: Make IST index zero based

The defines for the exception stack (IST) array in the TSS are using the
SDM convention IST1 - IST7. That causes all sorts of code to subtract 1 for
array indices related to IST. That's confusing at best and does not provide
any value.

Make the indices zero based and fixup the usage sites. The only code which
needs to adjust the 0 based index is the interrupt descriptor setup which
needs to add 1 now.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Cc: Dou Liyang <douly.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190414160144.331772825@linutronix.de
---
Documentation/x86/kernel-stacks | 8 ++++----
arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S | 4 ++--
arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h | 13 ++++++++-----
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 4 ++--
arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c | 14 +++++++-------
arch/x86/kernel/idt.c | 15 +++++++++------
arch/x86/kernel/irq_64.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
8 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/kernel-stacks b/Documentation/x86/kernel-stacks
index 9a0aa4d3a866..1b04596caea9 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/kernel-stacks
+++ b/Documentation/x86/kernel-stacks
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ If that assumption is ever broken then the stacks will become corrupt.

The currently assigned IST stacks are :-

-* DOUBLEFAULT_STACK. EXCEPTION_STKSZ (PAGE_SIZE).
+* ESTACK_DF. EXCEPTION_STKSZ (PAGE_SIZE).

Used for interrupt 8 - Double Fault Exception (#DF).

@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ The currently assigned IST stacks are :-
Using a separate stack allows the kernel to recover from it well enough
in many cases to still output an oops.

-* NMI_STACK. EXCEPTION_STKSZ (PAGE_SIZE).
+* ESTACK_NMI. EXCEPTION_STKSZ (PAGE_SIZE).

Used for non-maskable interrupts (NMI).

@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ The currently assigned IST stacks are :-
middle of switching stacks. Using IST for NMI events avoids making
assumptions about the previous state of the kernel stack.

-* DEBUG_STACK. DEBUG_STKSZ
+* ESTACK_DB. DEBUG_STKSZ

Used for hardware debug interrupts (interrupt 1) and for software
debug interrupts (INT3).
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ The currently assigned IST stacks are :-
avoids making assumptions about the previous state of the kernel
stack.

-* MCE_STACK. EXCEPTION_STKSZ (PAGE_SIZE).
+* ESTACK_MCE. EXCEPTION_STKSZ (PAGE_SIZE).

Used for interrupt 18 - Machine Check Exception (#MC).

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
index 1f0efdb7b629..fd0a50452cb3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
@@ -841,7 +841,7 @@ apicinterrupt IRQ_WORK_VECTOR irq_work_interrupt smp_irq_work_interrupt
/*
* Exception entry points.
*/
-#define CPU_TSS_IST(x) PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw) + (TSS_ist + ((x) - 1) * 8)
+#define CPU_TSS_IST(x) PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw) + (TSS_ist + (x) * 8)

/**
* idtentry - Generate an IDT entry stub
@@ -1129,7 +1129,7 @@ apicinterrupt3 HYPERV_STIMER0_VECTOR \
hv_stimer0_callback_vector hv_stimer0_vector_handler
#endif /* CONFIG_HYPERV */

-idtentry debug do_debug has_error_code=0 paranoid=1 shift_ist=DEBUG_STACK
+idtentry debug do_debug has_error_code=0 paranoid=1 shift_ist=ESTACK_DB
idtentry int3 do_int3 has_error_code=0
idtentry stack_segment do_stack_segment has_error_code=1

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h
index bcd8c0518604..6ab2c54c1bf9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h
@@ -24,11 +24,14 @@
#define IRQ_STACK_ORDER (2 + KASAN_STACK_ORDER)
#define IRQ_STACK_SIZE (PAGE_SIZE << IRQ_STACK_ORDER)

-#define DOUBLEFAULT_STACK 1
-#define NMI_STACK 2
-#define DEBUG_STACK 3
-#define MCE_STACK 4
-#define N_EXCEPTION_STACKS 4 /* hw limit: 7 */
+/*
+ * The index for the tss.ist[] array. The hardware limit is 7 entries.
+ */
+#define ESTACK_DF 0
+#define ESTACK_NMI 1
+#define ESTACK_DB 2
+#define ESTACK_MCE 3
+#define N_EXCEPTION_STACKS 4

/*
* Set __PAGE_OFFSET to the most negative possible address +
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index cb28e98a0659..0e4cb718fc4a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -516,7 +516,7 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_entry_area *, cpu_entry_area);
*/
static const unsigned int exception_stack_sizes[N_EXCEPTION_STACKS] = {
[0 ... N_EXCEPTION_STACKS - 1] = EXCEPTION_STKSZ,
- [DEBUG_STACK - 1] = DEBUG_STKSZ
+ [ESTACK_DB] = DEBUG_STKSZ
};
#endif

@@ -1760,7 +1760,7 @@ void cpu_init(void)
estacks += exception_stack_sizes[v];
oist->ist[v] = t->x86_tss.ist[v] =
(unsigned long)estacks;
- if (v == DEBUG_STACK-1)
+ if (v == ESTACK_DB)
per_cpu(debug_stack_addr, cpu) = (unsigned long)estacks;
}
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
index 90f0fa88cbb3..455b47ef9250 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
@@ -18,16 +18,16 @@

#include <asm/stacktrace.h>

-static char *exception_stack_names[N_EXCEPTION_STACKS] = {
- [ DOUBLEFAULT_STACK-1 ] = "#DF",
- [ NMI_STACK-1 ] = "NMI",
- [ DEBUG_STACK-1 ] = "#DB",
- [ MCE_STACK-1 ] = "#MC",
+static const char *exception_stack_names[N_EXCEPTION_STACKS] = {
+ [ ESTACK_DF ] = "#DF",
+ [ ESTACK_NMI ] = "NMI",
+ [ ESTACK_DB ] = "#DB",
+ [ ESTACK_MCE ] = "#MC",
};

-static unsigned long exception_stack_sizes[N_EXCEPTION_STACKS] = {
+static const unsigned long exception_stack_sizes[N_EXCEPTION_STACKS] = {
[0 ... N_EXCEPTION_STACKS - 1] = EXCEPTION_STKSZ,
- [DEBUG_STACK - 1] = DEBUG_STKSZ
+ [ESTACK_DB] = DEBUG_STKSZ
};

const char *stack_type_name(enum stack_type type)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c
index 2877606e97de..2188f734ec61 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c
@@ -41,9 +41,12 @@ struct idt_data {
#define SYSG(_vector, _addr) \
G(_vector, _addr, DEFAULT_STACK, GATE_INTERRUPT, DPL3, __KERNEL_CS)

-/* Interrupt gate with interrupt stack */
+/*
+ * Interrupt gate with interrupt stack. The _ist index is the index in
+ * the tss.ist[] array, but for the descriptor it needs to start at 1.
+ */
#define ISTG(_vector, _addr, _ist) \
- G(_vector, _addr, _ist, GATE_INTERRUPT, DPL0, __KERNEL_CS)
+ G(_vector, _addr, _ist + 1, GATE_INTERRUPT, DPL0, __KERNEL_CS)

/* Task gate */
#define TSKG(_vector, _gdt) \
@@ -180,11 +183,11 @@ gate_desc debug_idt_table[IDT_ENTRIES] __page_aligned_bss;
* cpu_init() when the TSS has been initialized.
*/
static const __initconst struct idt_data ist_idts[] = {
- ISTG(X86_TRAP_DB, debug, DEBUG_STACK),
- ISTG(X86_TRAP_NMI, nmi, NMI_STACK),
- ISTG(X86_TRAP_DF, double_fault, DOUBLEFAULT_STACK),
+ ISTG(X86_TRAP_DB, debug, ESTACK_DB),
+ ISTG(X86_TRAP_NMI, nmi, ESTACK_NMI),
+ ISTG(X86_TRAP_DF, double_fault, ESTACK_DF),
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE
- ISTG(X86_TRAP_MC, &machine_check, MCE_STACK),
+ ISTG(X86_TRAP_MC, &machine_check, ESTACK_MCE),
#endif
};

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/irq_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/irq_64.c
index cf200466d5c8..182e8b245e06 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/irq_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/irq_64.c
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ static inline void stack_overflow_check(struct pt_regs *regs)
return;

oist = this_cpu_ptr(&orig_ist);
- estack_top = (u64)oist->ist[DEBUG_STACK];
+ estack_top = (u64)oist->ist[ESTACK_DB];
estack_bottom = estack_top - DEBUG_STKSZ + STACK_MARGIN;
if (regs->sp >= estack_bottom && regs->sp <= estack_top)
return;
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index 667f1da36208..0524e1d74f24 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -793,7 +793,7 @@ no_context(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
if (is_vmalloc_addr((void *)address) &&
(((unsigned long)tsk->stack - 1 - address < PAGE_SIZE) ||
address - ((unsigned long)tsk->stack + THREAD_SIZE) < PAGE_SIZE)) {
- unsigned long stack = this_cpu_read(orig_ist.ist[DOUBLEFAULT_STACK]) - sizeof(void *);
+ unsigned long stack = this_cpu_read(orig_ist.ist[ESTACK_DF]) - sizeof(void *);
/*
* We're likely to be running with very little stack space
* left. It's plausible that we'd hit this condition but
\
 
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