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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/5] mm: rework non-root kmem_cache lifecycle management
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On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 06:55:12PM -0700, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 5:39 PM Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 04:41:01PM -0700, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> > > On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 2:55 PM Roman Gushchin <guroan@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > This commit makes several important changes in the lifecycle
> > > > of a non-root kmem_cache, which also affect the lifecycle
> > > > of a memory cgroup.
> > > >
> > > > Currently each charged slab page has a page->mem_cgroup pointer
> > > > to the memory cgroup and holds a reference to it.
> > > > Kmem_caches are held by the cgroup. On offlining empty kmem_caches
> > > > are freed, all other are freed on cgroup release.
> > >
> > > No, they are not freed (i.e. destroyed) on offlining, only
> > > deactivated. All memcg kmem_caches are freed/destroyed on memcg's
> > > css_free.
> >
> > You're right, my bad. I was thinking about the corresponding sysfs entry
> > when was writing it. We try to free it from the deactivation path too.
> >
> > >
> > > >
> > > > So the current scheme can be illustrated as:
> > > > page->mem_cgroup->kmem_cache.
> > > >
> > > > To implement the slab memory reparenting we need to invert the scheme
> > > > into: page->kmem_cache->mem_cgroup.
> > > >
> > > > Let's make every page to hold a reference to the kmem_cache (we
> > > > already have a stable pointer), and make kmem_caches to hold a single
> > > > reference to the memory cgroup.
> > >
> > > What about memcg_kmem_get_cache()? That function assumes that by
> > > taking reference on memcg, it's kmem_caches will stay. I think you
> > > need to get reference on the kmem_cache in memcg_kmem_get_cache()
> > > within the rcu lock where you get the memcg through css_tryget_online.
> >
> > Yeah, a very good question.
> >
> > I believe it's safe because css_tryget_online() guarantees that
> > the cgroup is online and won't go offline before css_free() in
> > slab_post_alloc_hook(). I do initialize kmem_cache's refcount to 1
> > and drop it on offlining, so it protects the online kmem_cache.
> >
>
> Let's suppose a thread doing a remote charging calls
> memcg_kmem_get_cache() and gets an empty kmem_cache of the remote
> memcg having refcnt equal to 1. That thread got a reference on the
> remote memcg but no reference on the kmem_cache. Let's suppose that
> thread got stuck in the reclaim and scheduled away. In the meantime
> that remote memcg got offlined and decremented the refcnt of all of
> its kmem_caches. The empty kmem_cache which the thread stuck in
> reclaim have pointer to can get deleted and may be using an already
> destroyed kmem_cache after coming back from reclaim.
>
> I think the above situation is possible unless the thread gets the
> reference on the kmem_cache in memcg_kmem_get_cache().

Yes, you're right and I'm writing a nonsense: css_tryget_online()
can't prevent the cgroup from being offlined.

So, the problem with getting a reference in memcg_kmem_get_cache()
is that it's an atomic operation on the hot path, something I'd like
to avoid.

I can make the refcounter percpu, but it'll add some complexity and size
to the kmem_cache object. Still an option, of course.

I wonder if we can use rcu_read_lock() instead, and bump the refcounter
only if we're going into reclaim.

What do you think?

Thanks!

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