lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Apr]   [17]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 12/16] sched/core: uclamp: Extend CPU's cgroup controller
On Tue, Apr 2, 2019 at 3:43 AM Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com> wrote:
>
> The cgroup CPU bandwidth controller allows to assign a specified
> (maximum) bandwidth to the tasks of a group. However this bandwidth is
> defined and enforced only on a temporal base, without considering the
> actual frequency a CPU is running on. Thus, the amount of computation
> completed by a task within an allocated bandwidth can be very different
> depending on the actual frequency the CPU is running that task.
> The amount of computation can be affected also by the specific CPU a
> task is running on, especially when running on asymmetric capacity
> systems like Arm's big.LITTLE.
>
> With the availability of schedutil, the scheduler is now able
> to drive frequency selections based on actual task utilization.
> Moreover, the utilization clamping support provides a mechanism to
> bias the frequency selection operated by schedutil depending on
> constraints assigned to the tasks currently RUNNABLE on a CPU.
>
> Giving the mechanisms described above, it is now possible to extend the
> cpu controller to specify the minimum (or maximum) utilization which
> should be considered for tasks RUNNABLE on a cpu.
> This makes it possible to better defined the actual computational
> power assigned to task groups, thus improving the cgroup CPU bandwidth
> controller which is currently based just on time constraints.
>
> Extend the CPU controller with a couple of new attributes util.{min,max}
> which allows to enforce utilization boosting and capping for all the
> tasks in a group. Specifically:
>
> - util.min: defines the minimum utilization which should be considered
> i.e. the RUNNABLE tasks of this group will run at least at a
> minimum frequency which corresponds to the util.min
> utilization
>
> - util.max: defines the maximum utilization which should be considered
> i.e. the RUNNABLE tasks of this group will run up to a
> maximum frequency which corresponds to the util.max
> utilization
>
> These attributes:
>
> a) are available only for non-root nodes, both on default and legacy
> hierarchies, while system wide clamps are defined by a generic
> interface which does not depends on cgroups. This system wide
> interface enforces constraints on tasks in the root node.
>
> b) enforce effective constraints at each level of the hierarchy which
> are a restriction of the group requests considering its parent's
> effective constraints. Root group effective constraints are defined
> by the system wide interface.
> This mechanism allows each (non-root) level of the hierarchy to:
> - request whatever clamp values it would like to get
> - effectively get only up to the maximum amount allowed by its parent
>
> c) have higher priority than task-specific clamps, defined via
> sched_setattr(), thus allowing to control and restrict task requests
>
> Add two new attributes to the cpu controller to collect "requested"
> clamp values. Allow that at each non-root level of the hierarchy.
> Validate local consistency by enforcing util.min < util.max.
> Keep it simple by do not caring now about "effective" values computation
> and propagation along the hierarchy.
>
> Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
>
> --
> Changes in v8:
> Message-ID: <20190214154817.GN50184@devbig004.ftw2.facebook.com>
> - update changelog description for points b), c) and following paragraph
> ---
> Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst | 27 +++++
> init/Kconfig | 22 ++++
> kernel/sched/core.c | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
> kernel/sched/sched.h | 6 +
> 4 files changed, 196 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst
> index 7bf3f129c68b..47710a77f4fa 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst
> @@ -909,6 +909,12 @@ controller implements weight and absolute bandwidth limit models for
> normal scheduling policy and absolute bandwidth allocation model for
> realtime scheduling policy.
>
> +Cycles distribution is based, by default, on a temporal base and it
> +does not account for the frequency at which tasks are executed.
> +The (optional) utilization clamping support allows to enforce a minimum
> +bandwidth, which should always be provided by a CPU, and a maximum bandwidth,
> +which should never be exceeded by a CPU.
> +
> WARNING: cgroup2 doesn't yet support control of realtime processes and
> the cpu controller can only be enabled when all RT processes are in
> the root cgroup. Be aware that system management software may already
> @@ -974,6 +980,27 @@ All time durations are in microseconds.
> Shows pressure stall information for CPU. See
> Documentation/accounting/psi.txt for details.
>
> + cpu.util.min
> + A read-write single value file which exists on non-root cgroups.
> + The default is "0", i.e. no utilization boosting.
> +
> + The requested minimum utilization in the range [0, 1024].
> +
> + This interface allows reading and setting minimum utilization clamp
> + values similar to the sched_setattr(2). This minimum utilization
> + value is used to clamp the task specific minimum utilization clamp.
> +
> + cpu.util.max
> + A read-write single value file which exists on non-root cgroups.
> + The default is "1024". i.e. no utilization capping
> +
> + The requested maximum utilization in the range [0, 1024].
> +
> + This interface allows reading and setting maximum utilization clamp
> + values similar to the sched_setattr(2). This maximum utilization
> + value is used to clamp the task specific maximum utilization clamp.
> +
> +
>
> Memory
> ------
> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index 7439cbf4d02e..33006e8de996 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -877,6 +877,28 @@ config RT_GROUP_SCHED
>
> endif #CGROUP_SCHED
>
> +config UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> + bool "Utilization clamping per group of tasks"
> + depends on CGROUP_SCHED
> + depends on UCLAMP_TASK
> + default n
> + help
> + This feature enables the scheduler to track the clamped utilization
> + of each CPU based on RUNNABLE tasks currently scheduled on that CPU.
> +
> + When this option is enabled, the user can specify a min and max
> + CPU bandwidth which is allowed for each single task in a group.
> + The max bandwidth allows to clamp the maximum frequency a task
> + can use, while the min bandwidth allows to define a minimum
> + frequency a task will always use.
> +
> + When task group based utilization clamping is enabled, an eventually
> + specified task-specific clamp value is constrained by the cgroup
> + specified clamp value. Both minimum and maximum task clamping cannot
> + be bigger than the corresponding clamping defined at task group level.
> +
> + If in doubt, say N.
> +
> config CGROUP_PIDS
> bool "PIDs controller"
> help
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 71c9dd6487b1..aeed2dd315cc 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -1130,8 +1130,12 @@ static void __init init_uclamp(void)
> /* System defaults allow max clamp values for both indexes */
> uc_max.value = uclamp_none(UCLAMP_MAX);
> uc_max.bucket_id = uclamp_bucket_id(uc_max.value);
> - for (clamp_id = 0; clamp_id < UCLAMP_CNT; ++clamp_id)
> + for (clamp_id = 0; clamp_id < UCLAMP_CNT; ++clamp_id) {
> uclamp_default[clamp_id] = uc_max;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> + root_task_group.uclamp_req[clamp_id] = uc_max;
> +#endif
> + }
> }
>
> #else /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
> @@ -6720,6 +6724,19 @@ void ia64_set_curr_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p)
> /* task_group_lock serializes the addition/removal of task groups */
> static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_group_lock);
>
> +static inline int alloc_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg,
> + struct task_group *parent)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> + int clamp_id;
> +
> + for (clamp_id = 0; clamp_id < UCLAMP_CNT; ++clamp_id)
> + tg->uclamp_req[clamp_id] = parent->uclamp_req[clamp_id];
> +#endif
> +
> + return 1;

Looks like you never return anything else neither here nor in the
following patches I think...

> +}
> +
> static void sched_free_group(struct task_group *tg)
> {
> free_fair_sched_group(tg);
> @@ -6743,6 +6760,9 @@ struct task_group *sched_create_group(struct task_group *parent)
> if (!alloc_rt_sched_group(tg, parent))
> goto err;
>
> + if (!alloc_uclamp_sched_group(tg, parent))
> + goto err;
> +
> return tg;
>
> err:
> @@ -6963,6 +6983,100 @@ static void cpu_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
> sched_move_task(task);
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> +static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cftype, u64 min_value)
> +{
> + struct task_group *tg;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + if (min_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> + return -ERANGE;
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> +
> + tg = css_tg(css);
> + if (tg == &root_task_group) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + if (tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN].value == min_value)
> + goto out;
> + if (tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MAX].value < min_value) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /* Update tg's "requested" clamp value */
> + tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN].value = min_value;
> + tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN].bucket_id = uclamp_bucket_id(min_value);
> +
> +out:
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int cpu_util_max_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cftype, u64 max_value)
> +{
> + struct task_group *tg;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + if (max_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> + return -ERANGE;
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> +
> + tg = css_tg(css);
> + if (tg == &root_task_group) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + if (tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MAX].value == max_value)
> + goto out;
> + if (tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN].value > max_value) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /* Update tg's "requested" clamp value */
> + tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MAX].value = max_value;
> + tg->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MAX].bucket_id = uclamp_bucket_id(max_value);
> +
> +out:
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static inline u64 cpu_uclamp_read(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + enum uclamp_id clamp_id)
> +{
> + struct task_group *tg;
> + u64 util_clamp;
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + tg = css_tg(css);
> + util_clamp = tg->uclamp_req[clamp_id].value;
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> + return util_clamp;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 cpu_util_min_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> + return cpu_uclamp_read(css, UCLAMP_MIN);
> +}
> +
> +static u64 cpu_util_max_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> + return cpu_uclamp_read(css, UCLAMP_MAX);
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP */
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
> static int cpu_shares_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> struct cftype *cftype, u64 shareval)
> @@ -7300,6 +7414,18 @@ static struct cftype cpu_legacy_files[] = {
> .read_u64 = cpu_rt_period_read_uint,
> .write_u64 = cpu_rt_period_write_uint,
> },
> +#endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> + {
> + .name = "util.min",
> + .read_u64 = cpu_util_min_read_u64,
> + .write_u64 = cpu_util_min_write_u64,
> + },
> + {
> + .name = "util.max",
> + .read_u64 = cpu_util_max_read_u64,
> + .write_u64 = cpu_util_max_write_u64,
> + },
> #endif
> { } /* Terminate */
> };
> @@ -7467,6 +7593,20 @@ static struct cftype cpu_files[] = {
> .seq_show = cpu_max_show,
> .write = cpu_max_write,
> },
> +#endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> + {
> + .name = "util.min",
> + .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,
> + .read_u64 = cpu_util_min_read_u64,
> + .write_u64 = cpu_util_min_write_u64,
> + },
> + {
> + .name = "util.max",
> + .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,
> + .read_u64 = cpu_util_max_read_u64,
> + .write_u64 = cpu_util_max_write_u64,
> + },
> #endif
> { } /* terminate */
> };
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index 6ae3628248eb..b46b6912beba 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -399,6 +399,12 @@ struct task_group {
> #endif
>
> struct cfs_bandwidth cfs_bandwidth;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> + /* Clamp values requested for a task group */
> + struct uclamp_se uclamp_req[UCLAMP_CNT];
> +#endif
> +
> };
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
> --
> 2.20.1
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-04-18 02:12    [W:0.370 / U:0.308 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site