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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/5] mm: rework non-root kmem_cache lifecycle management
On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 2:55 PM Roman Gushchin <guroan@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> This commit makes several important changes in the lifecycle
> of a non-root kmem_cache, which also affect the lifecycle
> of a memory cgroup.
>
> Currently each charged slab page has a page->mem_cgroup pointer
> to the memory cgroup and holds a reference to it.
> Kmem_caches are held by the cgroup. On offlining empty kmem_caches
> are freed, all other are freed on cgroup release.

No, they are not freed (i.e. destroyed) on offlining, only
deactivated. All memcg kmem_caches are freed/destroyed on memcg's
css_free.

>
> So the current scheme can be illustrated as:
> page->mem_cgroup->kmem_cache.
>
> To implement the slab memory reparenting we need to invert the scheme
> into: page->kmem_cache->mem_cgroup.
>
> Let's make every page to hold a reference to the kmem_cache (we
> already have a stable pointer), and make kmem_caches to hold a single
> reference to the memory cgroup.

What about memcg_kmem_get_cache()? That function assumes that by
taking reference on memcg, it's kmem_caches will stay. I think you
need to get reference on the kmem_cache in memcg_kmem_get_cache()
within the rcu lock where you get the memcg through css_tryget_online.

>
> To make this possible we need to introduce a new refcounter
> for non-root kmem_caches. It's atomic for now, but can be easily
> converted to a percpu counter, had we any performance penalty*.
> The initial value is set to 1, and it's decremented on deactivation,
> so we never shutdown an active cache.
>
> To shutdown non-active empty kmem_caches, let's reuse the
> infrastructure of the RCU-delayed work queue, used previously for
> the deactivation. After the generalization, it's perfectly suited
> for our needs.
>
> Since now we can release a kmem_cache at any moment after the
> deactivation, let's call sysfs_slab_remove() only from the shutdown
> path. It makes deactivation path simpler.
>
> Because we don't set the page->mem_cgroup pointer, we need to change
> the way how memcg-level stats is working for slab pages. We can't use
> mod_lruvec_page_state() helpers anymore, so switch over to
> mod_lruvec_state().
>
> * I used the following simple approach to test the performance
> (stolen from another patchset by T. Harding):
>
> time find / -name fname-no-exist
> echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
> repeat several times
>
> Results (I've chosen best results in several runs):
>
> orig patched
>
> real 0m0.712s 0m0.690s
> user 0m0.104s 0m0.101s
> sys 0m0.346s 0m0.340s
>
> real 0m0.728s 0m0.723s
> user 0m0.114s 0m0.115s
> sys 0m0.342s 0m0.338s
>
> real 0m0.685s 0m0.767s
> user 0m0.118s 0m0.114s
> sys 0m0.343s 0m0.336s
>
> So it looks like the difference is not noticeable in this test.
>
> Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
> ---
> include/linux/slab.h | 2 +-
> mm/memcontrol.c | 9 ++++----
> mm/slab.c | 15 +-----------
> mm/slab.h | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> mm/slab_common.c | 51 +++++++++++++++++------------------------
> mm/slub.c | 22 +-----------------
> 6 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 74 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/slab.h b/include/linux/slab.h
> index 47923c173f30..4daaade76c63 100644
> --- a/include/linux/slab.h
> +++ b/include/linux/slab.h
> @@ -152,7 +152,6 @@ int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *);
>
> void memcg_create_kmem_cache(struct mem_cgroup *, struct kmem_cache *);
> void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *);
> -void memcg_destroy_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *);
>
> /*
> * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the
> @@ -641,6 +640,7 @@ struct memcg_cache_params {
> struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
> struct list_head children_node;
> struct list_head kmem_caches_node;
> + atomic_long_t refcnt;
>
> void (*work_fn)(struct kmem_cache *);
> union {
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index b2c39f187cbb..87c06e342e05 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -2719,9 +2719,6 @@ int __memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order,
> cancel_charge(memcg, nr_pages);
> return -ENOMEM;
> }
> -
> - page->mem_cgroup = memcg;
> -
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -2744,8 +2741,10 @@ int __memcg_kmem_charge(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order)
> memcg = get_mem_cgroup_from_current();
> if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) {
> ret = __memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, memcg);
> - if (!ret)
> + if (!ret) {
> + page->mem_cgroup = memcg;
> __SetPageKmemcg(page);
> + }
> }
> css_put(&memcg->css);
> return ret;
> @@ -3238,7 +3237,7 @@ static void memcg_free_kmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> memcg_offline_kmem(memcg);
>
> if (memcg->kmem_state == KMEM_ALLOCATED) {
> - memcg_destroy_kmem_caches(memcg);
> + WARN_ON(!list_empty(&memcg->kmem_caches));
> static_branch_dec(&memcg_kmem_enabled_key);
> WARN_ON(page_counter_read(&memcg->kmem));
> }
> diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
> index 14466a73d057..171b21ca617f 100644
> --- a/mm/slab.c
> +++ b/mm/slab.c
> @@ -1389,7 +1389,6 @@ static struct page *kmem_getpages(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags,
> int nodeid)
> {
> struct page *page;
> - int nr_pages;
>
> flags |= cachep->allocflags;
>
> @@ -1404,12 +1403,6 @@ static struct page *kmem_getpages(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags,
> return NULL;
> }
>
> - nr_pages = (1 << cachep->gfporder);
> - if (cachep->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
> - mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE, nr_pages);
> - else
> - mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE, nr_pages);
> -
> __SetPageSlab(page);
> /* Record if ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was set when allocating the slab */
> if (sk_memalloc_socks() && page_is_pfmemalloc(page))
> @@ -1424,12 +1417,6 @@ static struct page *kmem_getpages(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags,
> static void kmem_freepages(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct page *page)
> {
> int order = cachep->gfporder;
> - unsigned long nr_freed = (1 << order);
> -
> - if (cachep->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
> - mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE, -nr_freed);
> - else
> - mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE, -nr_freed);
>
> BUG_ON(!PageSlab(page));
> __ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(page);
> @@ -1438,7 +1425,7 @@ static void kmem_freepages(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct page *page)
> page->mapping = NULL;
>
> if (current->reclaim_state)
> - current->reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab += nr_freed;
> + current->reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab += 1 << order;
> memcg_uncharge_slab(page, order, cachep);
> __free_pages(page, order);
> }
> diff --git a/mm/slab.h b/mm/slab.h
> index 4a261c97c138..1f49945f5c1d 100644
> --- a/mm/slab.h
> +++ b/mm/slab.h
> @@ -173,7 +173,9 @@ void __kmem_cache_release(struct kmem_cache *);
> int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *);
> void __kmemcg_cache_deactivate(struct kmem_cache *s);
> void __kmemcg_cache_deactivate_after_rcu(struct kmem_cache *s);
> +void kmemcg_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *s);
> void slab_kmem_cache_release(struct kmem_cache *);
> +void kmemcg_queue_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *s);
>
> struct seq_file;
> struct file;
> @@ -274,19 +276,65 @@ static inline struct kmem_cache *memcg_root_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
> return s->memcg_params.root_cache;
> }
>
> +static __always_inline void kmemcg_cache_get_many(struct kmem_cache *s, long n)
> +{
> + atomic_long_add(n, &s->memcg_params.refcnt);
> +}
> +
> +static __always_inline void kmemcg_cache_put_many(struct kmem_cache *s, long n)
> +{
> + if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(n, &s->memcg_params.refcnt))
> + kmemcg_queue_cache_shutdown(s);
> +}
> +
> static __always_inline int memcg_charge_slab(struct page *page,
> gfp_t gfp, int order,
> struct kmem_cache *s)
> {
> - if (is_root_cache(s))
> + int idx = (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) ?
> + NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE : NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE;
> + struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
> + struct lruvec *lruvec;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (is_root_cache(s)) {
> + mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, 1 << order);
> return 0;
> - return memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, s->memcg_params.memcg);
> + }
> +
> + memcg = s->memcg_params.memcg;
> + ret = memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, memcg);
> + if (!ret) {
> + lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(page_pgdat(page), memcg);
> + mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, 1 << order);
> +
> + /* transer try_charge() page references to kmem_cache */
> + kmemcg_cache_get_many(s, 1 << order);
> + css_put_many(&memcg->css, 1 << order);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> }
>
> static __always_inline void memcg_uncharge_slab(struct page *page, int order,
> struct kmem_cache *s)
> {
> - memcg_kmem_uncharge(page, order);
> + int idx = (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) ?
> + NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE : NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE;
> + struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
> + struct lruvec *lruvec;
> +
> + if (is_root_cache(s)) {
> + mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, -(1 << order));
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + memcg = s->memcg_params.memcg;
> + lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(page_pgdat(page), memcg);
> + mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, -(1 << order));
> + memcg_kmem_uncharge_memcg(page, order, memcg);
> +
> + kmemcg_cache_put_many(s, 1 << order);
> }
>
> extern void slab_init_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *);
> diff --git a/mm/slab_common.c b/mm/slab_common.c
> index 4e5b4292a763..3fdd02979a1c 100644
> --- a/mm/slab_common.c
> +++ b/mm/slab_common.c
> @@ -148,6 +148,7 @@ static int init_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *s,
> s->memcg_params.root_cache = root_cache;
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->memcg_params.children_node);
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node);
> + atomic_long_set(&s->memcg_params.refcnt, 1);
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -225,6 +226,7 @@ void memcg_link_cache(struct kmem_cache *s, struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> if (is_root_cache(s)) {
> list_add(&s->root_caches_node, &slab_root_caches);
> } else {
> + css_get(&memcg->css);
> s->memcg_params.memcg = memcg;
> list_add(&s->memcg_params.children_node,
> &s->memcg_params.root_cache->memcg_params.children);
> @@ -240,6 +242,7 @@ static void memcg_unlink_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
> } else {
> list_del(&s->memcg_params.children_node);
> list_del(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node);
> + css_put(&s->memcg_params.memcg->css);
> }
> }
> #else
> @@ -703,21 +706,19 @@ static void kmemcg_after_rcu_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
>
> s->memcg_params.work_fn(s);
> s->memcg_params.work_fn = NULL;
> + kmemcg_cache_put_many(s, 1);
>
> mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
>
> put_online_mems();
> put_online_cpus();
> -
> - /* done, put the ref from slab_deactivate_memcg_cache_rcu_sched() */
> - css_put(&s->memcg_params.memcg->css);
> }
>
> /*
> * We need to grab blocking locks. Bounce to ->work. The
> * work item shares the space with the RCU head and can't be
> - * initialized eariler.
> -*/
> + * initialized earlier.
> + */
> static void kmemcg_schedule_work_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
> {
> struct kmem_cache *s = container_of(head, struct kmem_cache,
> @@ -727,6 +728,21 @@ static void kmemcg_schedule_work_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
> queue_work(memcg_kmem_cache_wq, &s->memcg_params.work);
> }
>
> +static void kmemcg_cache_shutdown_after_rcu(struct kmem_cache *s)
> +{
> + WARN_ON(shutdown_cache(s));
> +}
> +
> +void kmemcg_queue_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *s)
> +{
> + if (s->memcg_params.root_cache->memcg_params.dying)
> + return;
> +
> + WARN_ON(s->memcg_params.work_fn);
> + s->memcg_params.work_fn = kmemcg_cache_shutdown_after_rcu;
> + call_rcu(&s->memcg_params.rcu_head, kmemcg_schedule_work_after_rcu);
> +}
> +
> static void kmemcg_cache_deactivate_after_rcu(struct kmem_cache *s)
> {
> __kmemcg_cache_deactivate_after_rcu(s);
> @@ -739,9 +755,6 @@ static void kmemcg_cache_deactivate(struct kmem_cache *s)
> if (s->memcg_params.root_cache->memcg_params.dying)
> return;
>
> - /* pin memcg so that @s doesn't get destroyed in the middle */
> - css_get(&s->memcg_params.memcg->css);
> -
> WARN_ON_ONCE(s->memcg_params.work_fn);
> s->memcg_params.work_fn = kmemcg_cache_deactivate_after_rcu;
> call_rcu(&s->memcg_params.rcu_head, kmemcg_schedule_work_after_rcu);
> @@ -775,28 +788,6 @@ void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> put_online_cpus();
> }
>
> -void memcg_destroy_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> -{
> - struct kmem_cache *s, *s2;
> -
> - get_online_cpus();
> - get_online_mems();
> -
> - mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
> - list_for_each_entry_safe(s, s2, &memcg->kmem_caches,
> - memcg_params.kmem_caches_node) {
> - /*
> - * The cgroup is about to be freed and therefore has no charges
> - * left. Hence, all its caches must be empty by now.
> - */
> - BUG_ON(shutdown_cache(s));
> - }
> - mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
> -
> - put_online_mems();
> - put_online_cpus();
> -}
> -
> static int shutdown_memcg_caches(struct kmem_cache *s)
> {
> struct memcg_cache_array *arr;
> diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
> index 195f61785c7d..a28b3b3abf29 100644
> --- a/mm/slub.c
> +++ b/mm/slub.c
> @@ -1692,11 +1692,6 @@ static struct page *allocate_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
> if (!page)
> return NULL;
>
> - mod_lruvec_page_state(page,
> - (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) ?
> - NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE : NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE,
> - 1 << oo_order(oo));
> -
> inc_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page), page->objects);
>
> return page;
> @@ -1730,11 +1725,6 @@ static void __free_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
> check_object(s, page, p, SLUB_RED_INACTIVE);
> }
>
> - mod_lruvec_page_state(page,
> - (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) ?
> - NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE : NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE,
> - -pages);
> -
> __ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(page);
> __ClearPageSlab(page);
>
> @@ -4037,18 +4027,8 @@ void __kmemcg_cache_deactivate_after_rcu(struct kmem_cache *s)
> {
> /*
> * Called with all the locks held after a sched RCU grace period.
> - * Even if @s becomes empty after shrinking, we can't know that @s
> - * doesn't have allocations already in-flight and thus can't
> - * destroy @s until the associated memcg is released.
> - *
> - * However, let's remove the sysfs files for empty caches here.
> - * Each cache has a lot of interface files which aren't
> - * particularly useful for empty draining caches; otherwise, we can
> - * easily end up with millions of unnecessary sysfs files on
> - * systems which have a lot of memory and transient cgroups.
> */
> - if (!__kmem_cache_shrink(s))
> - sysfs_slab_remove(s);
> + __kmem_cache_shrink(s);
> }
>
> void __kmemcg_cache_deactivate(struct kmem_cache *s)
> --
> 2.20.1
>

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