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SubjectRe: Kconfig dependency issue on function-graph tracer and frame pointer on arm
On Sun, 14 Apr 2019 16:37:04 +0100
Russell King - ARM Linux admin <linux@armlinux.org.uk> wrote:

> On Sun, Apr 14, 2019 at 11:52:38PM +0900, Masami Hiramatsu wrote:
> > On Sun, 14 Apr 2019 14:34:58 +0100
> > Russell King - ARM Linux admin <linux@armlinux.org.uk> wrote:
> >
> > > On Sun, Apr 14, 2019 at 07:47:05PM +0900, Masami Hiramatsu wrote:
> > > > Hello,
> > > >
> > > > Recently, Naresh reported that the function-graph tracer on the latest
> > > > kernel crashes on arm. I could reproduce it and bisected. I finally found
> > > > the commit f9b58e8c7d03 ("ARM: 8800/1: use choice for kernel unwinders")
> > > > was the first bad commit.
> > >
> > > I don't think that littering the rest of the kernel Kconfig with ARM
> > > specific stuff is really a viable solution to this.
> > >
> > > If we examine the current situation, we have:
> > >
> > > - THUMB2_KERNEL selecting ARM_UNWIND when enabled.
> > > - UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER disabled if THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled, provided
> > > we're not using Clang. This leaves UNWINDER_ARM as the only choice,
> > > which also selects ARM_UNWIND.
> > > - The default choice is dependent on the settings of AEABI and
> > > FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER.
> > > - HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER is disabled if THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
> > >
> > > which seems to be _way_ too messy.
> > >
> > > Looking back before this commit, the function graph tracer never had a
> > > strong dependence on frame pointers being enabled in the kernel, but it
> > > seems the code relies upon them (see ftrace_return_to_handler() in
> > > kernel/trace/ and return_to_handler in arch/arm/kernel/entry-frace.S).
> > > There is also the __ftrace_graph_caller macro which seems to rely on it.
> >
> > Yes, so I think similar bug is hiding in other LTS kernels. It should
> > have a dependency to FRAME_POINTER on arm.
> >
> > > Since Clang does not support frame pointers, we shouldn't even offer
> > > the function graph tracer for Clang compilers, so let's do that with
> > > the first hunk of the patch below.
> > >
> > > The subsequent hunks remove the defaulting of the choice according to
> > > the function graph tracer - this is not a "hint" where the user can
> > > still choose either option irrespective of the state of the function
> > > graph tracer. They should only be able to select the frame pointer
> > > option in that case.
> >
> > Agreed. Using default for making dependency is wrong.
> >
> > >
> > > Another way forward would be for someone to put the work in to making
> > > the function graph tracer work without frame pointers.
> >
> > Yes, we eventually need that. But for fixing current released kernel
> > (this bug is in v5.0 series), I think Kconfig fix is needed.
> >
> > >
> > > So, how about this:
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
> > > index 850b4805e2d1..9aed25a6019b 100644
> > > --- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
> > > +++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
> > > @@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ config ARM
> > > select HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS if (CPU_V6 || CPU_V6K || CPU_V7) && MMU
> > > select HAVE_EXIT_THREAD
> > > select HAVE_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD if !XIP_KERNEL
> > > - select HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER if !THUMB2_KERNEL
> > > + select HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER if !THUMB2_KERNEL && !CC_IS_CLANG
> > > select HAVE_FUNCTION_TRACER if !XIP_KERNEL
> > > select HAVE_GCC_PLUGINS
> > > select HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT if PERF_EVENTS && (CPU_V6 || CPU_V6K || CPU_V7)
> > > diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug b/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
> > > index 6d6e0330930b..e388af4594a6 100644
> > > --- a/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
> > > +++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
> > > @@ -47,8 +47,8 @@ config DEBUG_WX
> > >
> > > choice
> > > prompt "Choose kernel unwinder"
> > > - default UNWINDER_ARM if AEABI && !FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
> > > - default UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER if !AEABI || FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
> > > + default UNWINDER_ARM if AEABI
> > > + default UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER if !AEABI
> >
> > If UNWINDER_ARM depends on ARM EABI, would we really need this "if !AEABI"?
> > (I doubt we need these default...)
> >
> > > help
> > > This determines which method will be used for unwinding kernel stack
> > > traces for panics, oopses, bugs, warnings, perf, /proc/<pid>/stack,
> > > @@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ config UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER
> > >
> > > config UNWINDER_ARM
> > > bool "ARM EABI stack unwinder"
> > > - depends on AEABI
> > > + depends on AEABI && !FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
> >
> > Hmm, AFAIK, FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER only depends on FRAME_POINTER, but not
> > UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER. So can user still choose UNWINDER_ARM even if
> > FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER=y ? (Of course that may not be a meaningful option)
>
> The UNWINDER_* options do not control anything except whether
> FRAME_POINTER is enabled or not. FRAME_POINTER controls not only
> whether we build with frame pointers, but also how we unwind.
> If both ARM_UNWIND and FRAME_POINTER are set, the kernel will
> fail to link due to a multiple definition of unwind_frame().

Thank you for the explanation :) got it.

>
> The UNWINDER_* symbols were added in the commit you referenced
> merely to select which of ARM_UNWIND or FRAME_POINTER are
> enabled.

OK, this looks good to me.

Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

Thank you!


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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