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Subject[PATCH v3 2/9] kbuild: Support for Symbols.list creation
From: Joao Moreira <>

For automatic resolution of livepatch relocations, a file called
Symbols.list is used. This file maps symbols within every compiled
kernel object allowing the identification of symbols whose name is
unique, thus relocation can be automatically inferred, or providing
information that helps developers when code annotation is required for
solving the matter.

Add support for creating Symbols.list in the main Makefile. First,
ensure that built-in is compiled when CONFIG_LIVEPATCH is enabled (as
required to achieve a complete Symbols.list file). Define the command to
build Symbols.list (cmd_klp_map) and hook it in the modules rule.

As it is undesirable to have symbols from livepatch objects inside
Symbols.list, make livepatches discernible by modifying
scripts/ to create a .livepatch file for each livepatch
in $(MODVERDIR). This file then used by cmd_klp_map to identify and
bypass livepatches.

For identifying livepatches during the build process, a flag variable
LIVEPATCH_$(basetarget).o is considered in scripts/ This
way, set this flag for the livepatch sample Makefile in

Finally, Add a clean rule to ensure that Symbols.list is removed during


To achieve a correct Symbols.list file, all kernel objects must be
considered, thus, its construction require these objects to be priorly
built. On the other hand, invoking scripts/Makefile.modpost without
having a complete Symbols.list in place would occasionally lead to
in-tree livepatches being post-processed incorrectly. To prevent this
from becoming a circular dependency, the construction of Symbols.list
uses non-post-processed kernel objects and such does not cause harm as
the symbols normally referenced from within livepatches are visible at
this stage. Also due to these requirements, the spot in-between modules
compilation and the invocation of scripts/Makefile.modpost was picked
for hooking cmd_klp_map.

The approach based on .livepatch files was proposed as an alternative
to using MODULE_INFO statements. This approach was originally
proposed by Miroslav Benes as a workaround for identifying livepathes
without depending on modinfo during the modpost stage. It was moved to
this patch as the approach also shown to be useful while building

Signed-off-by: Joao Moreira <>
Signed-off-by: Joe Lawrence <>
.gitignore | 1 +
Makefile | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
samples/livepatch/Makefile | 1 +
scripts/ | 7 +++++++
4 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index a20ac26aa2f5..5cd5758f5ffe 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@

# Top-level generic files
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 15c8251d4d5e..2c07bdd87b2f 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -574,10 +574,13 @@ KBUILD_BUILTIN := 1
# If we have only "make modules", don't compile built-in objects.
# When we're building modules with modversions, we need to consider
# the built-in objects during the descend as well, in order to
-# make sure the checksums are up to date before we record them.
+# make sure the checksums are up to date before we record them. The
+# same applies for building livepatches, as built-in objects may hold
+# symbols which are referenced from livepatches and are required by
+# klp-convert post-processing tool for resolving these cases.

ifeq ($(MAKECMDGOALS),modules)

# If we have "make <whatever> modules", compile modules
@@ -1261,9 +1264,25 @@ all: modules
# duplicate lines in modules.order files. Those are removed
# using awk while concatenating to the final file.

+quiet_cmd_klp_map = KLP Symbols.list
+SLIST = $(objtree)/Symbols.list
+define cmd_klp_map
+ $(shell echo "klp-convert-symbol-data.0.1" > $(SLIST)) \
+ $(shell echo "*vmlinux" >> $(SLIST)) \
+ $(shell nm -f posix $(objtree)/vmlinux | cut -d\ -f1 >> $(SLIST)) \
+ $(foreach m, $(wildcard $(MODVERDIR)/*.mod), \
+ $(eval mod = $(patsubst %.ko,%.o,$(shell head -n1 $(m)))) \
+ $(if $(wildcard $(MODVERDIR)/$(shell basename -s .o $(mod)).livepatch),,\
+ $(eval fmod = $(subst $(quote),_,$(subst -,_,$(mod)))) \
+ $(shell echo "*$(shell basename -s .o $(fmod))" >> $(SLIST)) \
+ $(shell nm -f posix $(mod) | cut -d\ -f1 >> $(SLIST))))
PHONY += modules
modules: $(vmlinux-dirs) $(if $(KBUILD_BUILTIN),vmlinux) modules.builtin
$(Q)$(AWK) '!x[$$0]++' $(vmlinux-dirs:%=$(objtree)/%/modules.order) > $(objtree)/modules.order
+ $(if $(CONFIG_LIVEPATCH), $(call cmd,klp_map))
@$(kecho) ' Building modules, stage 2.';
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost

@@ -1350,7 +1369,7 @@ clean: rm-dirs := $(CLEAN_DIRS)
clean: rm-files := $(CLEAN_FILES)
clean-dirs := $(addprefix _clean_, . $(vmlinux-alldirs) Documentation samples)

-PHONY += $(clean-dirs) clean archclean vmlinuxclean
+PHONY += $(clean-dirs) clean archclean vmlinuxclean klpclean
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _clean_%,%,$@)

@@ -1358,7 +1377,10 @@ vmlinuxclean:
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/ clean
$(Q)$(if $(ARCH_POSTLINK), $(MAKE) -f $(ARCH_POSTLINK) clean)

-clean: archclean vmlinuxclean
+ $(Q) rm -f $(objtree)/Symbols.list
+clean: archclean vmlinuxclean klpclean

# mrproper - Delete all generated files, including .config
diff --git a/samples/livepatch/Makefile b/samples/livepatch/Makefile
index 2472ce39a18d..8b9b42a258ad 100644
--- a/samples/livepatch/Makefile
+++ b/samples/livepatch/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+LIVEPATCH_livepatch-sample := y
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-sample.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-shadow-mod.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-shadow-fix1.o
diff --git a/scripts/ b/scripts/
index 76ca30cc4791..ca76bd2080f0 100644
--- a/scripts/
+++ b/scripts/
@@ -246,6 +246,11 @@ cmd_gen_ksymdeps = \
$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/ $@ >> $(dot-target).cmd

+cmd_livepatch = $(if $(LIVEPATCH_$(basetarget)), \
+ $(shell touch $(MODVERDIR)/$(basetarget).livepatch))
define rule_cc_o_c
$(call cmd,checksrc)
$(call cmd_and_fixdep,cc_o_c)
@@ -280,6 +285,7 @@ $(obj)/%.o: $(src)/%.c $(recordmcount_source) $(objtool_dep) FORCE
$(single-used-m): $(obj)/%.o: $(src)/%.c $(recordmcount_source) $(objtool_dep) FORCE
$(call cmd,force_checksrc)
$(call if_changed_rule,cc_o_c)
+ $(call cmd_livepatch)
@{ echo $(@:.o=.ko); echo $@; \
$(cmd_undef_syms); } > $(MODVERDIR)/$(@F:.o=.mod)

@@ -456,6 +462,7 @@ cmd_link_multi-m = $(LD) $(ld_flags) -r -o $@ $(filter %.o,$^) $(cmd_secanalysis

$(multi-used-m): FORCE
$(call if_changed,link_multi-m)
+ $(call cmd,livepatch)
@{ echo $(@:.o=.ko); echo $(filter %.o,$^); \
$(cmd_undef_syms); } > $(MODVERDIR)/$(@F:.o=.mod)
$(call multi_depend, $(multi-used-m), .o, -objs -y -m)
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