lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Apr]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] powerpc/pseries: Only wait for dying CPU after call to rtas_stop_self()
Date

Hello,

Ping?

--
Thiago Jung Bauermann
IBM Linux Technology Center


Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com> writes:

> When testing DLPAR CPU add/remove on a system under stress,
> pseries_cpu_die() doesn't wait long enough for a CPU to die:
>
> [ 446.983944] cpu 148 (hwid 148) Ready to die...
> [ 446.984062] cpu 149 (hwid 149) Ready to die...
> [ 446.993518] cpu 150 (hwid 150) Ready to die...
> [ 446.993543] Querying DEAD? cpu 150 (150) shows 2
> [ 446.994098] cpu 151 (hwid 151) Ready to die...
> [ 447.133726] cpu 136 (hwid 136) Ready to die...
> [ 447.403532] cpu 137 (hwid 137) Ready to die...
> [ 447.403772] cpu 138 (hwid 138) Ready to die...
> [ 447.403839] cpu 139 (hwid 139) Ready to die...
> [ 447.403887] cpu 140 (hwid 140) Ready to die...
> [ 447.403937] cpu 141 (hwid 141) Ready to die...
> [ 447.403979] cpu 142 (hwid 142) Ready to die...
> [ 447.404038] cpu 143 (hwid 143) Ready to die...
> [ 447.513546] cpu 128 (hwid 128) Ready to die...
> [ 447.693533] cpu 129 (hwid 129) Ready to die...
> [ 447.693999] cpu 130 (hwid 130) Ready to die...
> [ 447.703530] cpu 131 (hwid 131) Ready to die...
> [ 447.704087] Querying DEAD? cpu 132 (132) shows 2
> [ 447.704102] cpu 132 (hwid 132) Ready to die...
> [ 447.713534] cpu 133 (hwid 133) Ready to die...
> [ 447.714064] Querying DEAD? cpu 134 (134) shows 2
>
> This is a race between one CPU stopping and another one calling
> pseries_cpu_die() to wait for it to stop. That function does a short busy
> loop calling RTAS query-cpu-stopped-state on the stopping CPU to verify
> that it is stopped, but I think there's a lot for the stopping CPU to do
> which may take longer than this loop allows.
>
> As can be seen in the dmesg right before or after the "Querying DEAD?"
> messages, if pseries_cpu_die() waited a little longer it would have seen
> the CPU in the stopped state.
>
> What I think is going on is that CPU 134 was inactive at the time it was
> unplugged. In that case, dlpar_offline_cpu() calls H_PROD on that CPU and
> immediately calls pseries_cpu_die(). Meanwhile, the prodded CPU activates
> and start the process of stopping itself. The busy loop is not long enough
> to allow for the CPU to wake up and complete the stopping process.
>
> This can be a problem because if the busy loop finishes too early, then the
> kernel may offline another CPU before the previous one finished dying,
> which would lead to two concurrent calls to rtas-stop-self, which is
> prohibited by the PAPR.
>
> We can make the race a lot more even if we only start querying if the CPU
> is stopped when the stopping CPU is close to call rtas_stop_self(). Since
> pseries_mach_cpu_die() sets the CPU current state to offline almost
> immediately before calling rtas_stop_self(), we use that as a signal that
> it is either already stopped or very close to that point, and we can start
> the busy loop.
>
> As suggested by Michael Ellerman, this patch also changes the busy loop to
> wait for a fixed amount of wall time. Based on the measurements that
> Gautham did on a POWER9 system, in successful cases of
> smp_query_cpu_stopped(cpu) returning affirmative, the maximum time spent
> inside the loop was was 10 ms. This patch loops for 20 ms just be sure.
>
> Signed-off-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com>
> Analyzed-by: Gautham R Shenoy <ego@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c | 13 +++++++++++--
> 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> I have seen this problem since v4.8. Should this patch go to stable as
> well?
>
> Changes since v2:
> - Increaded busy loop to 200 iterations so that it can last up to 20 ms
> (suggested by Gautham).
> - Changed commit message to include Gautham's remarks.
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
> index 97feb6e79f1a..ac6dc35ab829 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
> @@ -214,13 +214,22 @@ static void pseries_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu)
> msleep(1);
> }
> } else if (get_preferred_offline_state(cpu) == CPU_STATE_OFFLINE) {
> + /*
> + * If the current state is not offline yet, it means that the
> + * dying CPU (which is either in pseries_mach_cpu_die() or in
> + * the process of getting there) didn't have a chance yet to
> + * call rtas_stop_self() and therefore it's too early to query
> + * if the CPU is stopped.
> + */
> + spin_event_timeout(get_cpu_current_state(cpu) == CPU_STATE_OFFLINE,
> + 100000, 100);
>
> - for (tries = 0; tries < 25; tries++) {
> + for (tries = 0; tries < 200; tries++) {
> cpu_status = smp_query_cpu_stopped(pcpu);
> if (cpu_status == QCSS_STOPPED ||
> cpu_status == QCSS_HARDWARE_ERROR)
> break;
> - cpu_relax();
> + udelay(100);
> }
> }
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-04-11 01:09    [W:0.086 / U:0.556 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site