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Subject[PATCH 4.14 040/107] powerpc/64s: Add support for software count cache flush
Date
4.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>

commit ee13cb249fabdff8b90aaff61add347749280087 upstream.

Some CPU revisions support a mode where the count cache needs to be
flushed by software on context switch. Additionally some revisions may
have a hardware accelerated flush, in which case the software flush
sequence can be shortened.

If we detect the appropriate flag from firmware we patch a branch
into _switch() which takes us to a count cache flush sequence.

That sequence in turn may be patched to return early if we detect that
the CPU supports accelerating the flush sequence in hardware.

Add debugfs support for reporting the state of the flush, as well as
runtime disabling it.

And modify the spectre_v2 sysfs file to report the state of the
software flush.

Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/asm-prototypes.h | 6 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/security_features.h | 1
arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S | 54 ++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/security.c | 98 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
4 files changed, 154 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/asm-prototypes.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/asm-prototypes.h
@@ -126,4 +126,10 @@ extern int __ucmpdi2(u64, u64);
void _mcount(void);
unsigned long prepare_ftrace_return(unsigned long parent, unsigned long ip);

+/* Patch sites */
+extern s32 patch__call_flush_count_cache;
+extern s32 patch__flush_count_cache_return;
+
+extern long flush_count_cache;
+
#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_ASM_PROTOTYPES_H */
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/security_features.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/security_features.h
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ enum stf_barrier_type {

void setup_stf_barrier(void);
void do_stf_barrier_fixups(enum stf_barrier_type types);
+void setup_count_cache_flush(void);

static inline void security_ftr_set(unsigned long feature)
{
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/mmu.h>
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+#include <asm/code-patching-asm.h>
#include <asm/ppc_asm.h>
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
#include <asm/cputable.h>
@@ -497,6 +498,57 @@ _GLOBAL(ret_from_kernel_thread)
li r3,0
b .Lsyscall_exit

+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64
+
+#define FLUSH_COUNT_CACHE \
+1: nop; \
+ patch_site 1b, patch__call_flush_count_cache
+
+
+#define BCCTR_FLUSH .long 0x4c400420
+
+.macro nops number
+ .rept \number
+ nop
+ .endr
+.endm
+
+.balign 32
+.global flush_count_cache
+flush_count_cache:
+ /* Save LR into r9 */
+ mflr r9
+
+ .rept 64
+ bl .+4
+ .endr
+ b 1f
+ nops 6
+
+ .balign 32
+ /* Restore LR */
+1: mtlr r9
+ li r9,0x7fff
+ mtctr r9
+
+ BCCTR_FLUSH
+
+2: nop
+ patch_site 2b patch__flush_count_cache_return
+
+ nops 3
+
+ .rept 278
+ .balign 32
+ BCCTR_FLUSH
+ nops 7
+ .endr
+
+ blr
+#else
+#define FLUSH_COUNT_CACHE
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64 */
+
/*
* This routine switches between two different tasks. The process
* state of one is saved on its kernel stack. Then the state
@@ -528,6 +580,8 @@ _GLOBAL(_switch)
std r23,_CCR(r1)
std r1,KSP(r3) /* Set old stack pointer */

+ FLUSH_COUNT_CACHE
+
/*
* On SMP kernels, care must be taken because a task may be
* scheduled off CPUx and on to CPUy. Memory ordering must be
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/security.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/security.c
@@ -9,12 +9,21 @@
#include <linux/seq_buf.h>

#include <asm/debugfs.h>
+#include <asm/asm-prototypes.h>
+#include <asm/code-patching.h>
#include <asm/security_features.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>


unsigned long powerpc_security_features __read_mostly = SEC_FTR_DEFAULT;

+enum count_cache_flush_type {
+ COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_NONE = 0x1,
+ COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_SW = 0x2,
+ COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_HW = 0x4,
+};
+static enum count_cache_flush_type count_cache_flush_type;
+
bool barrier_nospec_enabled;
static bool no_nospec;

@@ -159,17 +168,29 @@ ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct devic
bcs = security_ftr_enabled(SEC_FTR_BCCTRL_SERIALISED);
ccd = security_ftr_enabled(SEC_FTR_COUNT_CACHE_DISABLED);

- if (bcs || ccd) {
+ if (bcs || ccd || count_cache_flush_type != COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_NONE) {
+ bool comma = false;
seq_buf_printf(&s, "Mitigation: ");

- if (bcs)
+ if (bcs) {
seq_buf_printf(&s, "Indirect branch serialisation (kernel only)");
+ comma = true;
+ }
+
+ if (ccd) {
+ if (comma)
+ seq_buf_printf(&s, ", ");
+ seq_buf_printf(&s, "Indirect branch cache disabled");
+ comma = true;
+ }

- if (bcs && ccd)
+ if (comma)
seq_buf_printf(&s, ", ");

- if (ccd)
- seq_buf_printf(&s, "Indirect branch cache disabled");
+ seq_buf_printf(&s, "Software count cache flush");
+
+ if (count_cache_flush_type == COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_HW)
+ seq_buf_printf(&s, "(hardware accelerated)");
} else
seq_buf_printf(&s, "Vulnerable");

@@ -326,4 +347,71 @@ static __init int stf_barrier_debugfs_in
}
device_initcall(stf_barrier_debugfs_init);
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
+
+static void toggle_count_cache_flush(bool enable)
+{
+ if (!enable || !security_ftr_enabled(SEC_FTR_FLUSH_COUNT_CACHE)) {
+ patch_instruction_site(&patch__call_flush_count_cache, PPC_INST_NOP);
+ count_cache_flush_type = COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_NONE;
+ pr_info("count-cache-flush: software flush disabled.\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ patch_branch_site(&patch__call_flush_count_cache,
+ (u64)&flush_count_cache, BRANCH_SET_LINK);
+
+ if (!security_ftr_enabled(SEC_FTR_BCCTR_FLUSH_ASSIST)) {
+ count_cache_flush_type = COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_SW;
+ pr_info("count-cache-flush: full software flush sequence enabled.\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ patch_instruction_site(&patch__flush_count_cache_return, PPC_INST_BLR);
+ count_cache_flush_type = COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_HW;
+ pr_info("count-cache-flush: hardware assisted flush sequence enabled\n");
+}
+
+void setup_count_cache_flush(void)
+{
+ toggle_count_cache_flush(true);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
+static int count_cache_flush_set(void *data, u64 val)
+{
+ bool enable;
+
+ if (val == 1)
+ enable = true;
+ else if (val == 0)
+ enable = false;
+ else
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ toggle_count_cache_flush(enable);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int count_cache_flush_get(void *data, u64 *val)
+{
+ if (count_cache_flush_type == COUNT_CACHE_FLUSH_NONE)
+ *val = 0;
+ else
+ *val = 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(fops_count_cache_flush, count_cache_flush_get,
+ count_cache_flush_set, "%llu\n");
+
+static __init int count_cache_flush_debugfs_init(void)
+{
+ debugfs_create_file("count_cache_flush", 0600, powerpc_debugfs_root,
+ NULL, &fops_count_cache_flush);
+ return 0;
+}
+device_initcall(count_cache_flush_debugfs_init);
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64 */

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