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Subject[PATCH] x86/mpx: fix recursive munmap() corruption

This is a bit of a mess, to put it mildly. But, it's a bug
that seems to have gone unticked up to now, probably because
nobody uses MPX. The other alternative to this fix is to just
deprecate MPX, even in -stable kernels.

MPX has the arch_unmap() hook inside of munmap() because MPX
uses bounds tables that protect other areas of memory. When
memory is unmapped, there is also a need to unmap the MPX
bounds tables. Barring this, unused bounds tables can eat 80%
of the address space.

But, the recursive do_munmap() that gets called vi arch_unmap()
wreaks havoc with __do_munmap()'s state. It can result in
freeing populated page tables, accessing bogus VMA state,
double-freed VMAs and more.

To fix this, call arch_unmap() before __do_unmap() has a chance
to do anything meaningful. Also, remove the 'vma' argument
and force the MPX code to do its own, independent VMA lookup.

For the common success case this is functionally identical to
what was there before. For the munmap() failure case, it's
possible that some MPX tables will be zapped for memory that
continues to be in use. But, this is an extraordinarily
unlikely scenario and the harm would be that MPX provides no
protection since the bounds table got reset (zeroed).

I can't imagine anyone doing this:

ptr = mmap();
// use ptr
ret = munmap(ptr);
if (ret)
// oh, there was an error, I'll
// keep using ptr.

Because if you're doing munmap(), you are *done* with the
memory. There's probably no good data in there _anyway_.

This passes the original reproducer from Richard Biener as
well as the existing mpx selftests/.


The long story:

munmap() has a couple of pieces:
1. Find the affected VMA(s)
2. Split the start/end one(s) if neceesary
3. Pull the VMAs out of the rbtree
4. Actually zap the memory via unmap_region(), including
freeing page tables (or queueing them to be freed).
5. Fixup some of the accounting (like fput()) and actually
free the VMA itself.

I decided to put the arch_unmap() call right afer #3. This
was *just* before mmap_sem looked like it might get downgraded
(it won't in this context), but it looked right. It wasn't.

Richard Biener reported a test that shows this in dmesg:

[1216548.787498] BUG: Bad rss-counter state mm:0000000017ce560b idx:1 val:551
[1216548.787500] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 24576

What triggered this was the recursive do_munmap() called via
arch_unmap(). It was freeing page tables that has not been
properly zapped.

But, the problem was bigger than this. For one, arch_unmap()
can free VMAs. But, the calling __do_munmap() has variables
that *point* to VMAs and obviously can't handle them just
getting freed while the pointer is still valid.

I tried a couple of things here. First, I tried to fix the page
table freeing problem in isolation, but I then found the VMA
issue. I also tried having the MPX code return a flag if it
modified the rbtree which would force __do_munmap() to re-walk
to restart. That spiralled out of control in complexity pretty

Just moving arch_unmap() and accepting that the bonkers failure
case might eat some bounds tables seems like the simplest viable

Reported-by: Richard Biener <>
Cc: Michal Hocko <>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>


b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 6 +++---
b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h | 5 ++---
b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c | 10 ++++++----
b/include/asm-generic/mm_hooks.h | 1 -
b/mm/mmap.c | 15 ++++++++-------
5 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff -puN mm/mmap.c~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma mm/mmap.c
--- a/mm/mmap.c~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma 2019-04-01 06:56:53.409411123 -0700
+++ b/mm/mmap.c 2019-04-01 06:56:53.423411123 -0700
@@ -2731,9 +2731,17 @@ int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, un
return -EINVAL;

len = PAGE_ALIGN(len);
+ end = start + len;
if (len == 0)
return -EINVAL;

+ /*
+ * arch_unmap() might do unmaps itself. It must be called
+ * and finish any rbtree manipulation before this code
+ * runs and also starts to manipulate the rbtree.
+ */
+ arch_unmap(mm, start, end);
/* Find the first overlapping VMA */
vma = find_vma(mm, start);
if (!vma)
@@ -2742,7 +2750,6 @@ int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, un
/* we have start < vma->vm_end */

/* if it doesn't overlap, we have nothing.. */
- end = start + len;
if (vma->vm_start >= end)
return 0;

@@ -2812,12 +2819,6 @@ int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, un
/* Detach vmas from rbtree */
detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(mm, vma, prev, end);

- /*
- * mpx unmap needs to be called with mmap_sem held for write.
- * It is safe to call it before unmap_region().
- */
- arch_unmap(mm, vma, start, end);
if (downgrade)

diff -puN arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma 2019-04-01 06:56:53.412411123 -0700
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h 2019-04-01 06:56:53.423411123 -0700
@@ -277,8 +277,8 @@ static inline void arch_bprm_mm_init(str

-static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end)
* mpx_notify_unmap() goes and reads a rarely-hot
@@ -298,7 +298,7 @@ static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_
* consistently wrong.
if (unlikely(cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_MPX)))
- mpx_notify_unmap(mm, vma, start, end);
+ mpx_notify_unmap(mm, start, end);

diff -puN include/asm-generic/mm_hooks.h~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma include/asm-generic/mm_hooks.h
--- a/include/asm-generic/mm_hooks.h~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma 2019-04-01 06:56:53.414411123 -0700
+++ b/include/asm-generic/mm_hooks.h 2019-04-01 06:56:53.423411123 -0700
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@ static inline void arch_exit_mmap(struct

static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm,
- struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
diff -puN arch/x86/mm/mpx.c~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma 2019-04-01 06:56:53.416411123 -0700
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c 2019-04-01 06:56:53.423411123 -0700
@@ -881,9 +881,10 @@ static int mpx_unmap_tables(struct mm_st
* the virtual address region start...end have already been split if
* necessary, and the 'vma' is the first vma in this range (start -> end).
-void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end)
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
int ret;

@@ -902,11 +903,12 @@ void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *
* which should not occur normally. Being strict about it here
* helps ensure that we do not have an exploitable stack overflow.
- do {
+ vma = find_vma(mm, start);
+ while (vma && vma->vm_start < end) {
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MPX)
vma = vma->vm_next;
- } while (vma && vma->vm_start < end);
+ }

ret = mpx_unmap_tables(mm, start, end);
if (ret)
diff -puN arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h~mpx-rss-pass-no-vma 2019-04-01 06:56:53.418411123 -0700
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h 2019-04-01 06:56:53.424411123 -0700
@@ -78,8 +78,8 @@ static inline void mpx_mm_init(struct mm
mm->context.bd_addr = MPX_INVALID_BOUNDS_DIR;
-void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
+void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end);

unsigned long mpx_unmapped_area_check(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
unsigned long flags);
@@ -100,7 +100,6 @@ static inline void mpx_mm_init(struct mm
static inline void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm,
- struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 \ /
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