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Subject[PATCH] io_uring: introduce inline reqs for IORING_SETUP_IOPOLL & direct_io
Date
For the IORING_SETUP_IOPOLL & direct_io case, all of the submission
and completion are handled under ctx->uring_lock or in SQ poll thread
context, so io_get_req and io_put_req has been serialized well.

Based on this, we introduce the preallocated reqs ring per ctx and
needn't to provide any lock to serialize the updating of the head
and tail. The performacne benefits from this. The test result of
following fio command

fio --name=io_uring_test --ioengine=io_uring --hipri --fixedbufs
--iodepth=16 --direct=1 --numjobs=1 --filename=/dev/nvme0n1 --bs=4k
--group_reporting --runtime=10

shows IOPS upgrade from 197K to 206K.

Signed-off-by: Jianchao Wang <jianchao.w.wang@oracle.com>
---
fs/io_uring.c | 96 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
1 file changed, 78 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/io_uring.c b/fs/io_uring.c
index 6aaa3058..40837e4 100644
--- a/fs/io_uring.c
+++ b/fs/io_uring.c
@@ -104,11 +104,17 @@ struct async_list {
size_t io_pages;
};

+#define INLINE_REQS_TOTAL 128
+
struct io_ring_ctx {
struct {
struct percpu_ref refs;
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;

+ struct io_kiocb *inline_reqs[INLINE_REQS_TOTAL];
+ struct io_kiocb *inline_req_array;
+ unsigned long inline_reqs_h, inline_reqs_t;
+
struct {
unsigned int flags;
bool compat;
@@ -183,7 +189,9 @@ struct io_ring_ctx {

struct sqe_submit {
const struct io_uring_sqe *sqe;
+ struct file *file;
unsigned short index;
+ bool is_fixed;
bool has_user;
bool needs_lock;
bool needs_fixed_file;
@@ -228,7 +236,7 @@ struct io_kiocb {
#define REQ_F_PREPPED 16 /* prep already done */
u64 user_data;
u64 error;
-
+ bool ctx_inline;
struct work_struct work;
};

@@ -397,7 +405,8 @@ static void io_ring_drop_ctx_refs(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, unsigned refs)
}

static struct io_kiocb *io_get_req(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
- struct io_submit_state *state)
+ struct io_submit_state *state,
+ bool direct_io)
{
gfp_t gfp = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN;
struct io_kiocb *req;
@@ -405,10 +414,19 @@ static struct io_kiocb *io_get_req(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
if (!percpu_ref_tryget(&ctx->refs))
return NULL;

- if (!state) {
+ /*
+ * Avoid race with workqueue context that handle buffered IO.
+ */
+ if (direct_io &&
+ ctx->inline_reqs_h - ctx->inline_reqs_t < INLINE_REQS_TOTAL) {
+ req = ctx->inline_reqs[ctx->inline_reqs_h % INLINE_REQS_TOTAL];
+ ctx->inline_reqs_h++;
+ req->ctx_inline = true;
+ } else if (!state) {
req = kmem_cache_alloc(req_cachep, gfp);
if (unlikely(!req))
goto out;
+ req->ctx_inline = false;
} else if (!state->free_reqs) {
size_t sz;
int ret;
@@ -429,10 +447,12 @@ static struct io_kiocb *io_get_req(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
state->free_reqs = ret - 1;
state->cur_req = 1;
req = state->reqs[0];
+ req->ctx_inline = false;
} else {
req = state->reqs[state->cur_req];
state->free_reqs--;
state->cur_req++;
+ req->ctx_inline = false;
}

req->ctx = ctx;
@@ -456,10 +476,17 @@ static void io_free_req_many(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void **reqs, int *nr)

static void io_free_req(struct io_kiocb *req)
{
+ struct io_ring_ctx *ctx = req->ctx;
+
if (req->file && !(req->flags & REQ_F_FIXED_FILE))
fput(req->file);
io_ring_drop_ctx_refs(req->ctx, 1);
- kmem_cache_free(req_cachep, req);
+ if (req->ctx_inline) {
+ ctx->inline_reqs[ctx->inline_reqs_t % INLINE_REQS_TOTAL] = req;
+ ctx->inline_reqs_t++;
+ } else {
+ kmem_cache_free(req_cachep, req);
+ }
}

static void io_put_req(struct io_kiocb *req)
@@ -492,7 +519,7 @@ static void io_iopoll_complete(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, unsigned int *nr_events,
* completions for those, only batch free for fixed
* file.
*/
- if (req->flags & REQ_F_FIXED_FILE) {
+ if (!req->ctx_inline && req->flags & REQ_F_FIXED_FILE) {
reqs[to_free++] = req;
if (to_free == ARRAY_SIZE(reqs))
io_free_req_many(ctx, reqs, &to_free);
@@ -1562,7 +1589,7 @@ static bool io_op_needs_file(const struct io_uring_sqe *sqe)
}
}

-static int io_req_set_file(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, const struct sqe_submit *s,
+static int io_req_set_file(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *s,
struct io_submit_state *state, struct io_kiocb *req)
{
unsigned flags;
@@ -1572,7 +1599,7 @@ static int io_req_set_file(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, const struct sqe_submit *s,
fd = READ_ONCE(s->sqe->fd);

if (!io_op_needs_file(s->sqe)) {
- req->file = NULL;
+ s->file = NULL;
return 0;
}

@@ -1580,13 +1607,13 @@ static int io_req_set_file(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, const struct sqe_submit *s,
if (unlikely(!ctx->user_files ||
(unsigned) fd >= ctx->nr_user_files))
return -EBADF;
- req->file = ctx->user_files[fd];
- req->flags |= REQ_F_FIXED_FILE;
+ s->file = ctx->user_files[fd];
+ s->is_fixed = true;
} else {
if (s->needs_fixed_file)
return -EBADF;
- req->file = io_file_get(state, fd);
- if (unlikely(!req->file))
+ s->file = io_file_get(state, fd);
+ if (unlikely(!s->file))
return -EBADF;
}

@@ -1603,13 +1630,20 @@ static int io_submit_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *s,
if (unlikely(s->sqe->flags & ~IOSQE_FIXED_FILE))
return -EINVAL;

- req = io_get_req(ctx, state);
- if (unlikely(!req))
- return -EAGAIN;
-
ret = io_req_set_file(ctx, s, state, req);
if (unlikely(ret))
- goto out;
+ return ret;
+
+ req = io_get_req(ctx, state, io_is_direct(s->file));
+ if (unlikely(!req)) {
+ if (s->file && !s->is_fixed)
+ fput(s->file);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
+
+ req->file = s->file;
+ if (s->is_fixed)
+ req->flags |= REQ_F_FIXED_FILE;

ret = __io_submit_sqe(ctx, req, s, true, state);
if (ret == -EAGAIN) {
@@ -1640,7 +1674,6 @@ static int io_submit_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *s,
}
}

-out:
/* drop submission reference */
io_put_req(req);

@@ -2520,6 +2553,9 @@ static void io_ring_ctx_free(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
sock_release(ctx->ring_sock);
#endif

+ if (ctx->inline_req_array)
+ kfree(ctx->inline_req_array);
+
io_mem_free(ctx->sq_ring);
io_mem_free(ctx->sq_sqes);
io_mem_free(ctx->cq_ring);
@@ -2783,7 +2819,7 @@ static int io_uring_create(unsigned entries, struct io_uring_params *p)
struct user_struct *user = NULL;
struct io_ring_ctx *ctx;
bool account_mem;
- int ret;
+ int ret, i;

if (!entries || entries > IORING_MAX_ENTRIES)
return -EINVAL;
@@ -2817,6 +2853,30 @@ static int io_uring_create(unsigned entries, struct io_uring_params *p)
free_uid(user);
return -ENOMEM;
}
+
+ /*
+ * When IORING_SETUP_IOPOLL and direct_io, all of submit and
+ * completion are handled under ctx->uring_lock or in SQ poll
+ * thread context, so io_get_req and io_put_req are serialized
+ * well. we could update inline_reqs_h and inline_reqs_t w/o any
+ * lock and benefit from the inline reqs.
+ */
+ if (ctx->flags & IORING_SETUP_IOPOLL) {
+ ctx->inline_req_array = kmalloc(
+ sizeof(struct io_kiocb) * INLINE_REQS_TOTAL,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (ctx->inline_req_array) {
+ for (i = 0; i < INLINE_REQS_TOTAL; i++)
+ ctx->inline_reqs[i] = ctx->inline_req_array + i;
+ ctx->inline_reqs_h = ctx->inline_reqs_t = 0;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!ctx->inline_req_array) {
+ ctx->inline_reqs_h = INLINE_REQS_TOTAL;
+ ctx->inline_reqs_t = 0;
+ }
+
ctx->compat = in_compat_syscall();
ctx->account_mem = account_mem;
ctx->user = user;
--
2.7.4
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