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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 2/2] PCI: iproc: Add outbound configuration for 32-bit I/O region
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Hi Lorenzo/Srinath,

I look at the commit message again and indeed it looks quite confusing.

I'll add my comment inline in the code section. I hope that will help to
make it more clear.

On 4/1/2019 9:44 AM, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 01, 2019 at 11:04:48AM +0530, Srinath Mannam wrote:
>> Hi Lorenzo,
>>
>> Please see my reply below,
>>
>> On Fri, Mar 29, 2019 at 11:06 PM Lorenzo Pieralisi
>> <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> On Fri, Mar 01, 2019 at 10:22:16AM +0530, Srinath Mannam wrote:
>>>> In the present driver outbound window configuration is done to map above
>>>> 32-bit address I/O regions with corresponding PCI memory range given in
>>>> ranges DT property.
>>>>
>>>> This patch add outbound window configuration to map below 32-bit I/O range
>>>> with corresponding PCI memory, which helps to access I/O region in ARM
>>>> 32-bit and one to one mapping of I/O region to PCI memory.
>>>>
>>>> Ex:
>>>> 1. ranges DT property given for current driver is,
>>>> ranges = <0x83000000 0x0 0x40000000 0x4 0x00000000 0 0x40000000>;
>>>> I/O region address is 0x400000000
>>>> 2. ranges DT property can be given after this patch,
>>>> ranges = <0x83000000 0x0 0x42000000 0x0 0x42000000 0 0x2000000>;
>>>> I/O region address is 0x42000000
>>>
>>> I was applying this patch but I don't understand the commit log and
>>> how it matches the code, please explain it to me and I will reword
>>> it.
>> Iproc PCIe host controller supports outbound address translation
>> feature to translate AXI address to PCI bus address.
>> IO address ranges (AXI and PCI) given through ranges DT property have
>> to program to controller outbound window registers.
>> Present driver has the support for only 64bit AXI address. so that
>> ranges DT property has given as 64bit AXI address and 32 bit
>> PCI bus address.
>> But with this patch 32-bit AXI address also could be programmed to
>> Iproc host controller outbound window registers. so that ranges
>> DT property can have 32bit AXI address which can map to 32-bit PCI bus address.
>
> The code change seems to add a check for the window size, I see no
> notion of 64 vs 32 bit addressing there so I am pretty sure there is
> something you are not telling me that is implicit in the IProc outbound
> window configuration, for instance why is the lowest index window
> considered for 32-bit.
>
> AFAICS you are adding code to allow a window whose size is < than
> the lowest index in the ob_map array. How this relates to 64 vs
> 32 bit addresses is not clear but it should be.
>
> When I read your commit log it is impossible to understand how it
> correlates to the code you are changing - I still have not figured it
> out myself.
>
> Please explain in detail to me how this works, forget DT changes I
> want to understand how HW works.
>
> Lorenzo
>
>> Example given in commit log is describing ranges DT property changes
>> with and without this patch.
>> In the case, without this patch AXI address is more than 32bit
>> "0x400000000". and with this patch AXI address is 32-bit "0x42000000".
>> PCI bus address is 32 bit address in both the cases "0x40000000" and 0x42000000.
>>
>> Regards,
>> Srinath.
>>> Thanks,
>>> Lorenzo
>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Srinath Mannam <srinath.mannam@broadcom.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Abhishek Shah <abhishek.shah@broadcom.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Ray Jui <ray.jui@broadcom.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c | 21 +++++++++++++++++++--
>>>> 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
>>>> index b882255..080f142 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
>>>> @@ -955,8 +955,25 @@ static int iproc_pcie_setup_ob(struct iproc_pcie *pcie, u64 axi_addr,
>>>> resource_size_t window_size =
>>>> ob_map->window_sizes[size_idx] * SZ_1M;
>>>>
>>>> - if (size < window_size)
>>>> - continue;
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * Keep iterating until we reach the last window and
>>>> + * with the minimal window size at index zero. In this
>>>> + * case, we take a compromise by mapping it using the
>>>> + * minimum window size that can be supported
>>>> + */

I think the code comment above is much more clear than the commit
message. It looks like the commit message was to describe a particular
use case that prompts the code change. However, if I remember correctly,
during our internal review, I already made some modification to the code
to make the change much more generic than dealing with a special use
case. This patch contains the generic change I made.

Basically, 'size' is the intended outbound mapping size (from DT or ACPI
or whatever, it does not really matter). 'window_size' is a specific
mapping window size our PCIe controller can support. Our PCIe controller
supports a fixed set of outbound mapping window sizes. I don't think
this is much different from some other PCIe controllers.

It looks like, there are cases where one cannot find an exact match
between 'size' and 'window_size'. In this case, and when we know we have
already exhausted all possible mapping windows, i.e., 'size_idx' == 0
AND 'window_idx' == 0, we take a compromise by programming the outbound
mapping by using a window size that's actually larger than the 'size'.

Srinath, please correct me if I'm wrong. But I carefully reviewed the
code again and I believe this is essentially what it is.

If so, then the commit message is quite misleading and can be changed to
above descriptions.

>>>> + if (size < window_size) {
>>>> + if (size_idx > 0 || window_idx > 0)
>>>> + continue;
>>>> +
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * For the corner case of reaching the minimal
>>>> + * window size that can be supported on the
>>>> + * last window
>>>> + */
>>>> + axi_addr = ALIGN_DOWN(axi_addr, window_size);
>>>> + pci_addr = ALIGN_DOWN(pci_addr, window_size);
>>>> + size = window_size;
>>>> + }
>>>>
>>>> if (!IS_ALIGNED(axi_addr, window_size) ||
>>>> !IS_ALIGNED(pci_addr, window_size)) {
>>>> --
>>>> 2.7.4
>>>>

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