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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/4] rcutree: Add checks for dynticks counters in rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle
On Tue, Mar 26, 2019 at 07:47:51PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 26, 2019 at 03:24:09PM -0400, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> > In the future we would like to combine the dynticks and dynticks_nesting
> > counters thus leading to simplifying the code. At the moment we cannot
> > do that due to concerns about usermode upcalls appearing to RCU as half
> > of an interrupt. Byungchul tried to do it in [1] but the
> > "half-interrupt" concern was raised. It is half because, what RCU
> > expects is rcu_irq_enter() and rcu_irq_exit() pairs when the usermode
> > exception happens. However, only rcu_irq_enter() is observed. This
> > concern may not be valid anymore, but at least it used to be the case.
> >
> > Out of abundance of caution, Paul added warnings [2] in the RCU code
> > which if not fired by 2021 may allow us to assume that such
> > half-interrupt scenario cannot happen any more, which can lead to
> > simplification of this code.
> >
> > Summary of the changes are the following:
> >
> > (1) In preparation for this combination of counters in the future, we
> > first need to first be sure that rcu_rrupt_from_idle cannot be called
> > from anywhere but a hard-interrupt because previously, the comments
> > suggested otherwise so let us be sure. We discussed this here [3]. We
> > use the services of lockdep to accomplish this.
> >
> > (2) Further rcu_rrupt_from_idle() is not explicit about how it is using
> > the counters which can lead to weird future bugs. This patch therefore
> > makes it more explicit about the specific counter values being tested
> >
> > (3) Lastly, we check for counter underflows just to be sure these are
> > not happening, because the previous code in rcu_rrupt_from_idle() was
> > allowing the case where the counters can underflow, and the function
> > would still return true. Now we are checking for specific values so let
> > us be confident by additional checking, that such underflows don't
> > happen. Any case, if they do, we should fix them and the screaming
> > warning is appropriate. All these checks checks are NOOPs if PROVE_RCU
> > and PROVE_LOCKING are disabled.
> >
> > [1] https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/952349/
> > [2] Commit e11ec65cc8d6 ("rcu: Add warning to detect half-interrupts")
> > [3] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190312150514.GB249405@google.com/
> >
> > Cc: byungchul.park@lge.com
> > Cc: kernel-team@android.com
> > Cc: rcu@vger.kernel.org
> > Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
>
> Color me stupid:
>
> [ 48.845724] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 48.846619] Not in hardirq as expected
> [ 48.847322] WARNING: CPU: 5 PID: 34 at /home/git/linux-2.6-tip/kernel/rcu/tree.c:388 rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle+0xea/0x110
> [ 48.849302] Modules linked in:
> [ 48.849869] CPU: 5 PID: 34 Comm: cpuhp/5 Not tainted 5.1.0-rc1+ #1
> [ 48.850985] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
> [ 48.852436] RIP: 0010:rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle+0xea/0x110
> [ 48.853455] Code: 85 c0 0f 85 59 ff ff ff 80 3d 33 55 68 01 00 0f 85 4c ff ff ff 48 c7 c7 48 d8 cc 8e 31 c0 c6 05 1d 55 68 01 01 e8 66 54 f8 ff <0f> 0b e9 30 ff ff ff 65 48 8b 05 df 58 54 72 48 85 c0 0f 94 c0 0f
> [ 48.856783] RSP: 0000:ffffbc46802dfdc0 EFLAGS: 00010082
> [ 48.857735] RAX: 000000000000001a RBX: 0000000000022b80 RCX: 0000000000000000
> [ 48.859028] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffffffff8dac906c
> [ 48.860313] RBP: ffffbc46802dfe20 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000001
> [ 48.861607] R10: 000000007d53d16d R11: ffffbc46802dfb48 R12: ffff9e7d7eb62b80
> [ 48.862898] R13: 0000000000000005 R14: ffffffff8dae2ac0 R15: 00000000000000c9
> [ 48.864191] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff9e7d7eb40000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 48.865663] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 48.866702] CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 0000000021022000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
> [ 48.867993] Call Trace:
> [ 48.868450] rcu_exp_handler+0x35/0x90
> [ 48.869147] generic_exec_single+0xab/0x100
> [ 48.869918] ? rcu_barrier+0x240/0x240
> [ 48.870607] smp_call_function_single+0x8e/0xd0
> [ 48.871441] rcutree_online_cpu+0x80/0x90
> [ 48.872181] cpuhp_invoke_callback+0xb5/0x890
> [ 48.872979] cpuhp_thread_fun+0x172/0x210
> [ 48.873722] ? cpuhp_thread_fun+0x2a/0x210
> [ 48.874474] smpboot_thread_fn+0x10d/0x160
> [ 48.875224] kthread+0xf3/0x130
> [ 48.875804] ? sort_range+0x20/0x20
> [ 48.876446] ? kthread_cancel_delayed_work_sync+0x10/0x10
> [ 48.877445] ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50
> [ 48.878124] irq event stamp: 734
> [ 48.878717] hardirqs last enabled at (733): [<ffffffff8e4f332d>] _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x2d/0x40
> [ 48.880402] hardirqs last disabled at (734): [<ffffffff8db0110a>] generic_exec_single+0x9a/0x100
> [ 48.881986] softirqs last enabled at (0): [<ffffffff8da5feaf>] copy_process.part.56+0x61f/0x2110
> [ 48.883540] softirqs last disabled at (0): [<0000000000000000>] (null)
> [ 48.884840] ---[ end trace 00b4c1d2f816f4ed ]---
>
> If a CPU invokes generic_exec_single() on itself, the "IPI handler" will
> be invoked directly, triggering your new lockdep check. Which is a bit
> wasteful. My thought is to add code to sync_rcu_exp_select_node_cpus()
> to check the CPU with preemption disabled, avoiding the call to
> smp_call_function_single() in that case.
>
> I have queued all four of your patches, and am trying the fix to
> the caller of smp_call_function_single() shown below. Thoughts?

Oh interesting. Your fix makes sense. I will go through these paths more as
well since I'm not super familiar with this area of the RCU code. But I had
one small nit below.

Also thanks for pulling the patches, I tested TREE09 and TASKS02 which
disable SMP and both passed.

> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
> index 9c990df880d1..51d61028abf1 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
> @@ -384,7 +384,13 @@ static void sync_rcu_exp_select_node_cpus(struct work_struct *wp)
> mask_ofl_test |= mask;
> continue;
> }
> + preempt_disable();
> + if (smp_processor_id() == cpu) {

Can be this?
if (get_cpu() == cpu) {
put_cpu();
continue;
}

> + preempt_enable();
> + continue;
> + }
> ret = smp_call_function_single(cpu, rcu_exp_handler, NULL, 0);
> + preempt_enable();

and here:
put_cpu();

> if (!ret) {
> mask_ofl_ipi &= ~mask;
> continue;
>

thanks,

- Joel

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