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SubjectRe: [PATCH v12 1/5] media: Media Device Allocator API
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On 3/27/19 7:55 AM, Hans Verkuil wrote:
> On 3/27/19 2:45 PM, shuah wrote:
>> Hi Hans,
>>
>> On 3/27/19 4:37 AM, Hans Verkuil wrote:
>>> Hi Shuah,
>>>
>>> Some comments at the end. I suspect you still have to do more work :-(
>>
>> I am okay with doing more work. I am expecting it since, I am not happy
>> with the config options that are in play. More on this below.
>>
>>>
>>> On 3/27/19 3:24 AM, Shuah Khan wrote:
>>>> Media Device Allocator API to allows multiple drivers share a media device.
>>>> This API solves a very common use-case for media devices where one physical
>>>> device (an USB stick) provides both audio and video. When such media device
>>>> exposes a standard USB Audio class, a proprietary Video class, two or more
>>>> independent drivers will share a single physical USB bridge. In such cases,
>>>> it is necessary to coordinate access to the shared resource.
>>>>
>>>> Using this API, drivers can allocate a media device with the shared struct
>>>> device as the key. Once the media device is allocated by a driver, other
>>>> drivers can get a reference to it. The media device is released when all
>>>> the references are released.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
>>>> ---
>>>> Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst | 41 ++++++++
>>>> drivers/media/Makefile | 6 ++
>>>> drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>> include/media/media-dev-allocator.h | 54 ++++++++++
>>>> 4 files changed, 243 insertions(+)
>>>> create mode 100644 drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c
>>>> create mode 100644 include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst b/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst
>>>> index f930725e0d6b..05bba0b61748 100644
>>>> --- a/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst
>>>> +++ b/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst
>>>> @@ -259,6 +259,45 @@ Subsystems should facilitate link validation by providing subsystem specific
>>>> helper functions to provide easy access for commonly needed information, and
>>>> in the end provide a way to use driver-specific callbacks.
>>>>
>>>> +Media Controller Device Allocator API
>>>> +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
>>>> +
>>>> +When the media device belongs to more than one driver, the shared media
>>>> +device is allocated with the shared struct device as the key for look ups.
>>>> +
>>>> +The shared media device should stay in registered state until the last
>>>> +driver unregisters it. In addition, the media device should be released when
>>>> +all the references are released. Each driver gets a reference to the media
>>>> +device during probe, when it allocates the media device. If media device is
>>>> +already allocated, the allocate API bumps up the refcount and returns the
>>>> +existing media device. The driver puts the reference back in its disconnect
>>>> +routine when it calls :c:func:`media_device_delete()`.
>>>> +
>>>> +The media device is unregistered and cleaned up from the kref put handler to
>>>> +ensure that the media device stays in registered state until the last driver
>>>> +unregisters the media device.
>>>> +
>>>> +**Driver Usage**
>>>> +
>>>> +Drivers should use the appropriate media-core routines to manage the shared
>>>> +media device life-time handling the two states:
>>>> +1. allocate -> register -> delete
>>>> +2. get reference to already registered device -> delete
>>>> +
>>>> +call :c:func:`media_device_delete()` routine to make sure the shared media
>>>> +device delete is handled correctly.
>>>> +
>>>> +**driver probe:**
>>>> +Call :c:func:`media_device_usb_allocate()` to allocate or get a reference
>>>> +Call :c:func:`media_device_register()`, if media devnode isn't registered
>>>> +
>>>> +**driver disconnect:**
>>>> +Call :c:func:`media_device_delete()` to free the media_device. Freeing is
>>>> +handled by the kref put handler.
>>>> +
>>>> +API Definitions
>>>> +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
>>>> +
>>>> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-device.h
>>>>
>>>> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-devnode.h
>>>> @@ -266,3 +305,5 @@ in the end provide a way to use driver-specific callbacks.
>>>> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-entity.h
>>>>
>>>> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-request.h
>>>> +
>>>> +.. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/media/Makefile b/drivers/media/Makefile
>>>> index 985d35ec6b29..20b488067ec2 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/media/Makefile
>>>> +++ b/drivers/media/Makefile
>>>> @@ -6,6 +6,12 @@
>>>> media-objs := media-device.o media-devnode.o media-entity.o \
>>>> media-request.o
>>>>
>>>> +ifeq ($(CONFIG_USB),y)
>>>> + ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULES),y)
>>>> + media-objs += media-dev-allocator.o
>>>> + endif
>>>> +endif
>>>> +
>>>> #
>>>> # I2C drivers should come before other drivers, otherwise they'll fail
>>>> # when compiled as builtin drivers
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c b/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c
>>>> new file mode 100644
>>>> index 000000000000..a37515254009
>>>> --- /dev/null
>>>> +++ b/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c
>>>> @@ -0,0 +1,142 @@
>>>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * media-dev-allocator.c - Media Controller Device Allocator API
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Copyright (c) 2018 Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Credits: Suggested by Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
>>>> + */
>>>> +
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * This file adds a global refcounted Media Controller Device Instance API.
>>>> + * A system wide global media device list is managed and each media device
>>>> + * includes a kref count. The last put on the media device releases the media
>>>> + * device instance.
>>>> + *
>>>> + */
>>>> +
>>>> +#include <linux/kref.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/usb.h>
>>>> +
>>>> +#include <media/media-device.h>
>>>> +
>>>> +static LIST_HEAD(media_device_list);
>>>> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(media_device_lock);
>>>> +
>>>> +struct media_device_instance {
>>>> + struct media_device mdev;
>>>> + struct module *owner;
>>>> + struct list_head list;
>>>> + struct kref refcount;
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +static inline struct media_device_instance *
>>>> +to_media_device_instance(struct media_device *mdev)
>>>> +{
>>>> + return container_of(mdev, struct media_device_instance, mdev);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void media_device_instance_release(struct kref *kref)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct media_device_instance *mdi =
>>>> + container_of(kref, struct media_device_instance, refcount);
>>>> +
>>>> + dev_dbg(mdi->mdev.dev, "%s: mdev=%p\n", __func__, &mdi->mdev);
>>>> +
>>>> + mutex_lock(&media_device_lock);
>>>> +
>>>> + media_device_unregister(&mdi->mdev);
>>>> + media_device_cleanup(&mdi->mdev);
>>>> +
>>>> + list_del(&mdi->list);
>>>> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
>>>> +
>>>> + kfree(mdi);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Callers should hold media_device_lock when calling this function */
>>>> +static struct media_device *__media_device_get(struct device *dev,
>>>> + const char *module_name,
>>>> + struct module *modp)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct media_device_instance *mdi;
>>>> +
>>>> + list_for_each_entry(mdi, &media_device_list, list) {
>>>> +
>>>> + if (mdi->mdev.dev != dev)
>>>> + continue;
>>>> +
>>>> + kref_get(&mdi->refcount);
>>>> +
>>>> + /* get module reference for the media_device owner */
>>>> + if (modp != mdi->owner && !try_module_get(mdi->owner))
>>>> + dev_err(dev, "%s: try_module_get() error\n", __func__);
>>>> + dev_dbg(dev, "%s: get mdev=%p module_name %s\n",
>>>> + __func__, &mdi->mdev, module_name);
>>>> + return &mdi->mdev;
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> + mdi = kzalloc(sizeof(*mdi), GFP_KERNEL);
>>>> + if (!mdi)
>>>> + return NULL;
>>>> +
>>>> + mdi->owner = modp;
>>>> + kref_init(&mdi->refcount);
>>>> + list_add_tail(&mdi->list, &media_device_list);
>>>> +
>>>> + dev_dbg(dev, "%s: alloc mdev=%p module_name %s\n", __func__,
>>>> + &mdi->mdev, module_name);
>>>> + return &mdi->mdev;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +struct media_device *media_device_usb_allocate(struct usb_device *udev,
>>>> + const char *module_name)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct media_device *mdev;
>>>> + struct module *modptr;
>>>> +
>>>> + mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
>>>> + modptr = find_module(module_name);
>>>> + mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
>>>> +
>>>> + mutex_lock(&media_device_lock);
>>>> + mdev = __media_device_get(&udev->dev, module_name, modptr);
>>>> + if (!mdev) {
>>>> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
>>>> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> + /* check if media device is already initialized */
>>>> + if (!mdev->dev)
>>>> + __media_device_usb_init(mdev, udev, udev->product,
>>>> + module_name);
>>>> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
>>>> + return mdev;
>>>> +}
>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_usb_allocate);
>>>> +
>>>> +void media_device_delete(struct media_device *mdev, const char *module_name)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct media_device_instance *mdi = to_media_device_instance(mdev);
>>>> + struct module *modptr;
>>>> +
>>>> + dev_dbg(mdi->mdev.dev, "%s: mdev=%p module_name %s\n",
>>>> + __func__, &mdi->mdev, module_name);
>>>> +
>>>> + mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
>>>> + modptr = find_module(module_name);
>>>> + mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
>>>> +
>>>> + mutex_lock(&media_device_lock);
>>>> + /* put module reference if media_device owner is not THIS_MODULE */
>>>> + if (mdi->owner != modptr) {
>>>> + module_put(mdi->owner);
>>>> + dev_dbg(mdi->mdev.dev,
>>>> + "%s decremented owner module reference\n", __func__);
>>>> + }
>>>> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
>>>> + kref_put(&mdi->refcount, media_device_instance_release);
>>>> +}
>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_delete);
>>>> diff --git a/include/media/media-dev-allocator.h b/include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
>>>> new file mode 100644
>>>> index 000000000000..69aee9a4b4c1
>>>> --- /dev/null
>>>> +++ b/include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
>>>> @@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
>>>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * media-dev-allocator.h - Media Controller Device Allocator API
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Copyright (c) 2018 Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Credits: Suggested by Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
>>>> + */
>>>> +
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * This file adds a global ref-counted Media Controller Device Instance API.
>>>> + * A system wide global media device list is managed and each media device
>>>> + * includes a kref count. The last put on the media device releases the media
>>>> + * device instance.
>>>> + */
>>>> +
>>>> +#ifndef _MEDIA_DEV_ALLOCTOR_H
>>>> +#define _MEDIA_DEV_ALLOCTOR_H
>>>> +
>>>> +struct usb_device;
>>>> +
>>>> +#if defined(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER) && defined(CONFIG_USB) && \
>>>> + defined(CONFIG_MODULES)
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * media_device_usb_allocate() - Allocate and return struct &media device
>>>> + *
>>>> + * @udev: struct &usb_device pointer
>>>> + * @module_name: should be filled with %KBUILD_MODNAME
>>>> + *
>>>> + * This interface should be called to allocate a Media Device when multiple
>>>> + * drivers share usb_device and the media device. This interface allocates
>>>> + * &media_device structure and calls media_device_usb_init() to initialize
>>>> + * it.
>>>> + *
>>>> + */
>>>> +struct media_device *media_device_usb_allocate(struct usb_device *udev,
>>>> + char *module_name);
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * media_device_delete() - Release media device. Calls kref_put().
>>>> + *
>>>> + * @mdev: struct &media_device pointer
>>>> + * @module_name: should be filled with %KBUILD_MODNAME
>>>> + *
>>>> + * This interface should be called to put Media Device Instance kref.
>>>> + */
>>>> +void media_device_delete(struct media_device *mdev, char *module_name);
>>>> +#else
>>>> +static inline struct media_device *media_device_usb_allocate(
>>>> + struct usb_device *udev, char *module_name)
>>>> + { return NULL; }
>>>> +static inline void media_device_delete(
>>>> + struct media_device *mdev, char *module_name) { }
>>>> +#endif /* CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER && CONFIG_USB && CONFIG_MODULES */
>>>
>>> I am still getting sparse warnings:
>>>
>>> drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c /home/hans/work/build/media-git/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:94:21: warning: symbol 'media_device_usb_allocate' was not declared. Should it be static?
>>> drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c /home/hans/work/build/media-git/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:120:6: warning: symbol 'media_device_delete' was not declared. Should it be static?
>>> drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:94:22: warning: no previous prototype for 'media_device_usb_allocate' [-Wmissing-prototypes]
>>> drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:120:6: warning: no previous prototype for 'media_device_delete' [-Wmissing-prototypes]
>>
>> I didn't see the warns - maybe I have to upgrade to the latest gcc.
>
> Ah, media-dev-allocator.c doesn't include media-dev-allocator.h.
>
> I suspect that that's the reason for the sparse warning.
>
>>
>>>
>>> This makes sense since if the #if above evaluates to 0, then the
>>> static inlines are used. But in media-dev-allocator.c these functions
>>> are still present without a corresponding prototype.
>>>
>>> You likely need a similar #if in media-dev-allocator.c.
>>>
>>> Have you tested this if CONFIG_MODULES is not set? Does au0828 still work
>>> w.r.t. sharing the shared resource? Has the driver been tested when MEDIA_CONTROLLER
>>> is not set? Should au0828 select MEDIA_CONTROLLER explicitly perhaps?
>>
>> Unfortunately without MEDIA_CONTROLLER and CONFIG_MODULES, no sharing
>> happening. The only way to ensure sharing in all cases, is selecting
>> MEDIA_CONTROLLER and MODULES in au0828 and that will make sure
>> snd-usb-audio enables SND_USB_AUDIO_USE_MEDIA_CONTROLLER and all of
>> the sharing logic works.
>
> You can select MEDIA_CONTROLLER for au0828, but never MODULES. Selecting
> MEDIA_CONTROLLER makes sense, I have no objection to that.
>
> What do you mean with 'no sharing happening'? You have to deal with
> modules to make sure they are not unloaded, but other than that this
> feature shouldn't depend on MODULES. Or am I missing something?
>
>>

You are right. It shouldn't depend on MODULES. The code that deals with
modules so they don't get unloaded has dependency on MODULES, not all
of it. I see the problem now.

I will update au0828 to select MEDIA_CONTROLLER and update the module
logic and send v13. Maybe that is the lucky version :)

thanks,
-- Shuah

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