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SubjectRe: [PATCH v12 1/5] media: Media Device Allocator API
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Hi Shuah,

Some comments at the end. I suspect you still have to do more work :-(

On 3/27/19 3:24 AM, Shuah Khan wrote:
> Media Device Allocator API to allows multiple drivers share a media device.
> This API solves a very common use-case for media devices where one physical
> device (an USB stick) provides both audio and video. When such media device
> exposes a standard USB Audio class, a proprietary Video class, two or more
> independent drivers will share a single physical USB bridge. In such cases,
> it is necessary to coordinate access to the shared resource.
>
> Using this API, drivers can allocate a media device with the shared struct
> device as the key. Once the media device is allocated by a driver, other
> drivers can get a reference to it. The media device is released when all
> the references are released.
>
> Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
> ---
> Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst | 41 ++++++++
> drivers/media/Makefile | 6 ++
> drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/media/media-dev-allocator.h | 54 ++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 243 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c
> create mode 100644 include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst b/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst
> index f930725e0d6b..05bba0b61748 100644
> --- a/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/media/kapi/mc-core.rst
> @@ -259,6 +259,45 @@ Subsystems should facilitate link validation by providing subsystem specific
> helper functions to provide easy access for commonly needed information, and
> in the end provide a way to use driver-specific callbacks.
>
> +Media Controller Device Allocator API
> +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> +
> +When the media device belongs to more than one driver, the shared media
> +device is allocated with the shared struct device as the key for look ups.
> +
> +The shared media device should stay in registered state until the last
> +driver unregisters it. In addition, the media device should be released when
> +all the references are released. Each driver gets a reference to the media
> +device during probe, when it allocates the media device. If media device is
> +already allocated, the allocate API bumps up the refcount and returns the
> +existing media device. The driver puts the reference back in its disconnect
> +routine when it calls :c:func:`media_device_delete()`.
> +
> +The media device is unregistered and cleaned up from the kref put handler to
> +ensure that the media device stays in registered state until the last driver
> +unregisters the media device.
> +
> +**Driver Usage**
> +
> +Drivers should use the appropriate media-core routines to manage the shared
> +media device life-time handling the two states:
> +1. allocate -> register -> delete
> +2. get reference to already registered device -> delete
> +
> +call :c:func:`media_device_delete()` routine to make sure the shared media
> +device delete is handled correctly.
> +
> +**driver probe:**
> +Call :c:func:`media_device_usb_allocate()` to allocate or get a reference
> +Call :c:func:`media_device_register()`, if media devnode isn't registered
> +
> +**driver disconnect:**
> +Call :c:func:`media_device_delete()` to free the media_device. Freeing is
> +handled by the kref put handler.
> +
> +API Definitions
> +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> +
> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-device.h
>
> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-devnode.h
> @@ -266,3 +305,5 @@ in the end provide a way to use driver-specific callbacks.
> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-entity.h
>
> .. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-request.h
> +
> +.. kernel-doc:: include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
> diff --git a/drivers/media/Makefile b/drivers/media/Makefile
> index 985d35ec6b29..20b488067ec2 100644
> --- a/drivers/media/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/media/Makefile
> @@ -6,6 +6,12 @@
> media-objs := media-device.o media-devnode.o media-entity.o \
> media-request.o
>
> +ifeq ($(CONFIG_USB),y)
> + ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULES),y)
> + media-objs += media-dev-allocator.o
> + endif
> +endif
> +
> #
> # I2C drivers should come before other drivers, otherwise they'll fail
> # when compiled as builtin drivers
> diff --git a/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c b/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..a37515254009
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,142 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * media-dev-allocator.c - Media Controller Device Allocator API
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2018 Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
> + *
> + * Credits: Suggested by Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * This file adds a global refcounted Media Controller Device Instance API.
> + * A system wide global media device list is managed and each media device
> + * includes a kref count. The last put on the media device releases the media
> + * device instance.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kref.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/usb.h>
> +
> +#include <media/media-device.h>
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(media_device_list);
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(media_device_lock);
> +
> +struct media_device_instance {
> + struct media_device mdev;
> + struct module *owner;
> + struct list_head list;
> + struct kref refcount;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct media_device_instance *
> +to_media_device_instance(struct media_device *mdev)
> +{
> + return container_of(mdev, struct media_device_instance, mdev);
> +}
> +
> +static void media_device_instance_release(struct kref *kref)
> +{
> + struct media_device_instance *mdi =
> + container_of(kref, struct media_device_instance, refcount);
> +
> + dev_dbg(mdi->mdev.dev, "%s: mdev=%p\n", __func__, &mdi->mdev);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&media_device_lock);
> +
> + media_device_unregister(&mdi->mdev);
> + media_device_cleanup(&mdi->mdev);
> +
> + list_del(&mdi->list);
> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
> +
> + kfree(mdi);
> +}
> +
> +/* Callers should hold media_device_lock when calling this function */
> +static struct media_device *__media_device_get(struct device *dev,
> + const char *module_name,
> + struct module *modp)
> +{
> + struct media_device_instance *mdi;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(mdi, &media_device_list, list) {
> +
> + if (mdi->mdev.dev != dev)
> + continue;
> +
> + kref_get(&mdi->refcount);
> +
> + /* get module reference for the media_device owner */
> + if (modp != mdi->owner && !try_module_get(mdi->owner))
> + dev_err(dev, "%s: try_module_get() error\n", __func__);
> + dev_dbg(dev, "%s: get mdev=%p module_name %s\n",
> + __func__, &mdi->mdev, module_name);
> + return &mdi->mdev;
> + }
> +
> + mdi = kzalloc(sizeof(*mdi), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!mdi)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + mdi->owner = modp;
> + kref_init(&mdi->refcount);
> + list_add_tail(&mdi->list, &media_device_list);
> +
> + dev_dbg(dev, "%s: alloc mdev=%p module_name %s\n", __func__,
> + &mdi->mdev, module_name);
> + return &mdi->mdev;
> +}
> +
> +struct media_device *media_device_usb_allocate(struct usb_device *udev,
> + const char *module_name)
> +{
> + struct media_device *mdev;
> + struct module *modptr;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
> + modptr = find_module(module_name);
> + mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&media_device_lock);
> + mdev = __media_device_get(&udev->dev, module_name, modptr);
> + if (!mdev) {
> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> + }
> +
> + /* check if media device is already initialized */
> + if (!mdev->dev)
> + __media_device_usb_init(mdev, udev, udev->product,
> + module_name);
> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
> + return mdev;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_usb_allocate);
> +
> +void media_device_delete(struct media_device *mdev, const char *module_name)
> +{
> + struct media_device_instance *mdi = to_media_device_instance(mdev);
> + struct module *modptr;
> +
> + dev_dbg(mdi->mdev.dev, "%s: mdev=%p module_name %s\n",
> + __func__, &mdi->mdev, module_name);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
> + modptr = find_module(module_name);
> + mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&media_device_lock);
> + /* put module reference if media_device owner is not THIS_MODULE */
> + if (mdi->owner != modptr) {
> + module_put(mdi->owner);
> + dev_dbg(mdi->mdev.dev,
> + "%s decremented owner module reference\n", __func__);
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&media_device_lock);
> + kref_put(&mdi->refcount, media_device_instance_release);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_delete);
> diff --git a/include/media/media-dev-allocator.h b/include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..69aee9a4b4c1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/media/media-dev-allocator.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
> +/*
> + * media-dev-allocator.h - Media Controller Device Allocator API
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2018 Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
> + *
> + * Credits: Suggested by Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * This file adds a global ref-counted Media Controller Device Instance API.
> + * A system wide global media device list is managed and each media device
> + * includes a kref count. The last put on the media device releases the media
> + * device instance.
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _MEDIA_DEV_ALLOCTOR_H
> +#define _MEDIA_DEV_ALLOCTOR_H
> +
> +struct usb_device;
> +
> +#if defined(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER) && defined(CONFIG_USB) && \
> + defined(CONFIG_MODULES)
> +/**
> + * media_device_usb_allocate() - Allocate and return struct &media device
> + *
> + * @udev: struct &usb_device pointer
> + * @module_name: should be filled with %KBUILD_MODNAME
> + *
> + * This interface should be called to allocate a Media Device when multiple
> + * drivers share usb_device and the media device. This interface allocates
> + * &media_device structure and calls media_device_usb_init() to initialize
> + * it.
> + *
> + */
> +struct media_device *media_device_usb_allocate(struct usb_device *udev,
> + char *module_name);
> +/**
> + * media_device_delete() - Release media device. Calls kref_put().
> + *
> + * @mdev: struct &media_device pointer
> + * @module_name: should be filled with %KBUILD_MODNAME
> + *
> + * This interface should be called to put Media Device Instance kref.
> + */
> +void media_device_delete(struct media_device *mdev, char *module_name);
> +#else
> +static inline struct media_device *media_device_usb_allocate(
> + struct usb_device *udev, char *module_name)
> + { return NULL; }
> +static inline void media_device_delete(
> + struct media_device *mdev, char *module_name) { }
> +#endif /* CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER && CONFIG_USB && CONFIG_MODULES */

I am still getting sparse warnings:

drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c /home/hans/work/build/media-git/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:94:21: warning: symbol 'media_device_usb_allocate' was not declared. Should it be static?
drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c /home/hans/work/build/media-git/drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:120:6: warning: symbol 'media_device_delete' was not declared. Should it be static?
drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:94:22: warning: no previous prototype for 'media_device_usb_allocate' [-Wmissing-prototypes]
drivers/media/media-dev-allocator.c:120:6: warning: no previous prototype for 'media_device_delete' [-Wmissing-prototypes]

This makes sense since if the #if above evaluates to 0, then the
static inlines are used. But in media-dev-allocator.c these functions
are still present without a corresponding prototype.

You likely need a similar #if in media-dev-allocator.c.

Have you tested this if CONFIG_MODULES is not set? Does au0828 still work
w.r.t. sharing the shared resource? Has the driver been tested when MEDIA_CONTROLLER
is not set? Should au0828 select MEDIA_CONTROLLER explicitly perhaps?

My main concern is that it looks like au0828's probe() will now fail if MODULES is
not set.

Regards,

Hans

> +#endif
>

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