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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: x86: nVMX: allow RSM to restore VMXE CR4 flag
Date
Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com> writes:

>> On 26 Mar 2019, at 15:48, Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> wrote:
>>
>> Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com> writes:
>>
>>>> On 26 Mar 2019, at 15:07, Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> wrote:
>>>> - Instread of putting the temporary HF_SMM_MASK drop to
>>>> rsm_enter_protected_mode() (as was suggested by Liran), move it to
>>>> emulator_set_cr() modifying its interface. emulate.c seems to be
>>>> vcpu-specifics-free at this moment, we may want to keep it this way.
>>>> - It seems that Hyper-V+UEFI on KVM is still broken, I'm observing sporadic
>>>> hangs even with this patch. These hangs, however, seem to be unrelated to
>>>> rsm.
>>>
>>> Feel free to share details on these hangs ;)
>>>
>>
>> You've asked for it)
>>
>> The immediate issue I'm observing is some sort of a lockup which is easy
>> to trigger with e.g. "-usb -device usb-tablet" on Qemu command line; it
>> seems we get too many interrupts and combined with preemtion timer for
>> L2 we're not making any progress:
>>
>> kvm_userspace_exit: reason KVM_EXIT_IOAPIC_EOI (26)
>> kvm_set_irq: gsi 18 level 1 source 0
>> kvm_msi_set_irq: dst 0 vec 177 (Fixed|physical|level)
>> kvm_apic_accept_irq: apicid 0 vec 177 (Fixed|edge)
>> kvm_fpu: load
>> kvm_entry: vcpu 0
>> kvm_exit: reason VMRESUME rip 0xfffff80000848115 info 0 0
>> kvm_entry: vcpu 0
>> kvm_exit: reason PREEMPTION_TIMER rip 0xfffff800f4448e01 info 0 0
>> kvm_nested_vmexit: rip fffff800f4448e01 reason PREEMPTION_TIMER info1 0 info2 0 int_info 0 int_info_err 0
>> kvm_nested_vmexit_inject: reason EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT info1 0 info2 0 int_info 800000b1 int_info_err 0
>> kvm_entry: vcpu 0
>> kvm_exit: reason APIC_ACCESS rip 0xfffff8000081fe11 info 10b0 0
>> kvm_apic: apic_write APIC_EOI = 0x0
>> kvm_eoi: apicid 0 vector 177
>> kvm_fpu: unload
>> kvm_userspace_exit: reason KVM_EXIT_IOAPIC_EOI (26)
>> ...
>> (and the pattern repeats)
>>
>> Maybe it is a usb-only/Qemu-only problem, maybe not.
>>
>> --
>> Vitaly
>
> The trace of kvm_apic_accept_irq should indicate that __apic_accept_irq() was called to inject an interrupt to L1 guest.
> (I know that now we are running in L1 because next exit is a VMRESUME).
>
> However, it is surprising to see that on next entry to guest, no interrupt was injected by vmx_inject_irq().
> It may be because L1 guest is currently running with interrupt disabled and therefore only an IRQ-window was requested.
> (Too bad we don’t have a trace for this…)
>
> Next, we got an exit from L1 guest on VMRESUME. As part of it’s handling, active VMCS was changed from vmcs01 to vmcs02.
> I believe the immediate exit later on preemption-timer was because the immediate-exit-request mechanism was invoked
> which is now implemented by setting a VMX preemption-timer with value of 0 (Thanks to Sean).
> (See vmx_vcpu_run() -> vmx_update_hv_timer() -> vmx_arm_hv_timer(vmx, 0)).
> (Note that the pending interrupt was evaluated because of a recent patch of mine to nested_vmx_enter_non_root_mode()
> to request KVM_REQ_EVENT when vmcs01 have requested an IRQ-window)
>
> Therefore when entering L2, you immediately get an exit on PREEMPTION_TIMER which will cause eventually L0 to call
> vmx_check_nested_events() which notices now the pending interrupt that should have been injected before to L1
> and now exit from L2 to L1 on EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT on vector 0xb1.
>
> Then L1 handles the interrupt by performing an EOI to LAPIC which propagate an EOI to IOAPIC which immediately re-inject
> the interrupt (after clearing the remote_irr) as the irq-line is still set. i.e. QEMU’s ioapic_eoi_broadcast() calls ioapic_service() immediate after it clears remote-irr for this pin.
>
> Also note that in trace we see only a single kvm_set_irq to level 1 but we don’t see immediately another kvm_set_irq to level 0.
> This should indicate that in QEMU’s IOAPIC redirection-table, this pin is configured as level-triggered interrupt.
> However, the trace of kvm_apic_accept_irq indicates that this interrupt is raised as an edge-triggered interrupt.
>
> To sum up:
> 1) I would create a patch to add a trace to vcpu_enter_guest() when calling enable_smi_window() / enable_nmi_window() / enable_irq_window().
> 2) It is worth investigating why MSI trigger-mode is edge-triggered instead of level-triggered.
> 3) If this is indeed a level-triggered interrupt, it is worth investigating how the interrupt source behaves. i.e. What cause this device to lower the irq-line?
> (As we don’t see any I/O Port or MMIO access by L1 guest interrupt-handler before performing the EOI)
> 4) Does this issue reproduce also when running with kernel-irqchip? (Instead of split-irqchip)
>

Thank you Liran,

all are valuable suggestions. It seems the isssue doesn't reproduce with
'kernel-irqchip=on' but reproduces with "kernel-irqchip=split". My first
guess would then be that we're less picky with in-kernel implementation
about the observed edge/level discrepancy. I'll be investigating and
share my findings.

--
Vitaly

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