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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH ghak10 v6 1/2] timekeeping: Audit clock adjustments
On Thu, Mar 7, 2019 at 4:33 AM Ondrej Mosnacek <omosnace@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Emit an audit record whenever the system clock is changed (i.e. shifted
> by a non-zero offset) by a syscall from userspace. The syscalls than can
> (at the time of writing) trigger such record are:
> - settimeofday(2), stime(2), clock_settime(2) -- via
> do_settimeofday64()
> - adjtimex(2), clock_adjtime(2) -- via do_adjtimex()
>
> The new records have type AUDIT_TIME_INJOFFSET and contain the following
> fields:
> - sec -- the 'seconds' part of the offset
> - nsec -- the 'nanoseconds' part of the offset
>
> For reference, running the following commands:
>
> auditctl -D
> auditctl -a exit,always -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex
> chronyd -q
>
> triggers (among others) a syscall that produces audit records like this:
>
> type=TIME_INJOFFSET msg=audit(1530616049.652:13): sec=-16 nsec=124887145
> type=SYSCALL msg=audit(1530616049.652:13): arch=c000003e syscall=159 success=yes exit=5 a0=7fff57e78270 a1=1 a2=fffffffffffffff0 a3=137b828205ca12 items=0 ppid=626 pid=629 auid=0 uid=385 gid=382 euid=385 suid=385 fsuid=385 egid=382 sgid=382 fsgid=382 tty=(none) ses=1 comm="chronyd" exe="/usr/sbin/chronyd" subj=system_u:system_r:kernel_t:s0 key=(null)
> type=PROCTITLE msg=audit(1530616049.652:13): proctitle=6368726F6E7964002D71 cd /home/omosnace/Dokumenty/Kernel/worktrees/audit/src/kernel/time
> s

Hrm. Ugly log spam aside (I get it sort of goes with the territory
:), I could imagine someone looking at this and wanting to also know
when the injection was applied. Obviously the whole point of the
offset injection is we don't really care about the when, we only want
a fixed offset to be made atomically. That said, if someone did try
to add such a timestamp on the log, there's the problem of trying to
calculate the time while holding the timekeeping locks. So, are you
certain the next request won't be to try to to also calculate a
timestamp and push it into the audit_log() call as well?

Also, we have to be careful with anything we call from the timekeeping
code, its really easy for some corner case to trip something that then
tries to read the time and we deadlock, particularly with rare cases
like time adjustments. I'm not familiar with the audit subsystem, but
from a maintenance point of view, can we make sure there's enough
documentation so that audit_log() and everything it calls will never
in the future call back into the timekeeping code? I suspect this is
already covered, so apologies for the boilerplate concern, but I want
to be sure.


> The above records have been produced by the following syscall from
> chronyd (as per strace output):
>
> adjtimex({modes=ADJ_SETOFFSET|ADJ_NANO, offset=0, freq=750433, maxerror=16000000, esterror=16000000, status=STA_UNSYNC|STA_NANO, constant=2, precision=1, tolerance=32768000, time={tv_sec=1530616033, tv_usec=778717675}, tick=10000, ppsfreq=0, jitter=0, shift=0, stabil=0, jitcnt=0, calcnt=0, errcnt=0, stbcnt=0, tai=0}) = 5 (TIME_ERROR)
>
> (The struct timex fields above are from *after* the syscall was
> executed, so they contain the current (new) values as set from the
> kernel, except of the 'modes' field, which contains the original value
> sent by the caller.)
>
> Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <omosnace@redhat.com>
> ---
> include/linux/audit.h | 15 +++++++++++++++
> include/uapi/linux/audit.h | 1 +
> kernel/auditsc.c | 8 ++++++++
> kernel/time/timekeeping.c | 6 ++++++
> 4 files changed, 30 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/audit.h b/include/linux/audit.h
> index 1e69d9fe16da..43a60fbe74be 100644
> --- a/include/linux/audit.h
> +++ b/include/linux/audit.h
> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
> #include <linux/ptrace.h>
> #include <linux/namei.h> /* LOOKUP_* */
> #include <uapi/linux/audit.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/timex.h>
>
> #define AUDIT_INO_UNSET ((unsigned long)-1)
> #define AUDIT_DEV_UNSET ((dev_t)-1)
> @@ -365,6 +366,7 @@ extern void __audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old);
> extern void __audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags);
> extern void __audit_log_kern_module(char *name);
> extern void __audit_fanotify(unsigned int response);
> +extern void __audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset);
>
> static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
> {
> @@ -467,6 +469,16 @@ static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response)
> __audit_fanotify(response);
> }
>
> +static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset)
> +{
> + /* ignore no-op events */
> + if (offset.tv_sec == 0 && offset.tv_nsec == 0)
> + return;
> +
> + if (!audit_dummy_context())
> + __audit_tk_injoffset(offset);
> +}
> +
> extern int audit_n_rules;
> extern int audit_signals;
> #else /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */
> @@ -580,6 +592,9 @@ static inline void audit_log_kern_module(char *name)
> static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response)
> { }
>
> +static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset)
> +{ }
> +
> static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t)
> { }
> #define audit_n_rules 0
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/audit.h b/include/uapi/linux/audit.h
> index 36a7e3f18e69..2167d55bc800 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/audit.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/audit.h
> @@ -114,6 +114,7 @@
> #define AUDIT_REPLACE 1329 /* Replace auditd if this packet unanswerd */
> #define AUDIT_KERN_MODULE 1330 /* Kernel Module events */
> #define AUDIT_FANOTIFY 1331 /* Fanotify access decision */
> +#define AUDIT_TIME_INJOFFSET 1332 /* Timekeeping offset injected */
>
> #define AUDIT_AVC 1400 /* SE Linux avc denial or grant */
> #define AUDIT_SELINUX_ERR 1401 /* Internal SE Linux Errors */
> diff --git a/kernel/auditsc.c b/kernel/auditsc.c
> index d1eab1d4a930..781336d0f2de 100644
> --- a/kernel/auditsc.c
> +++ b/kernel/auditsc.c
> @@ -2512,6 +2512,14 @@ void __audit_fanotify(unsigned int response)
> AUDIT_FANOTIFY, "resp=%u", response);
> }
>
> +/* We need to allocate with GFP_ATOMIC here, since these two functions will be
> + * called while holding the timekeeping lock: */
> +void __audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset)
> +{
> + audit_log(audit_context(), GFP_ATOMIC, AUDIT_TIME_INJOFFSET,
> + "sec=%lli nsec=%li", (long long)offset.tv_sec, offset.tv_nsec);
> +}
> +
> static void audit_log_task(struct audit_buffer *ab)
> {
> kuid_t auid, uid;
> diff --git a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
> index ac5dbf2cd4a2..0f0b566afe61 100644
> --- a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
> +++ b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
> @@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
> #include <linux/stop_machine.h>
> #include <linux/pvclock_gtod.h>
> #include <linux/compiler.h>
> +#include <linux/audit.h>
>
> #include "tick-internal.h"
> #include "ntp_internal.h"
> @@ -1250,6 +1251,9 @@ out:
> /* signal hrtimers about time change */
> clock_was_set();
>
> + if (!ret)
> + audit_tk_injoffset(ts_delta);
> +
> return ret;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_settimeofday64);
> @@ -2322,6 +2326,8 @@ int do_adjtimex(struct timex *txc)
> ret = timekeeping_inject_offset(&delta);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
> +
> + audit_tk_injoffset(delta);
> }
>
> ktime_get_real_ts64(&ts);

Ignoring my worry above, from a quick read over, the code here looks
ok to me. Though I've not actually applied and tinkered with it.

Acked-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>

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