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Subject[PATCH 3/7] RISC-V: Rework kernel's virtual address space mapping
The motivation for this is to support P2P transactions. P2P requires
having struct pages for IO memory which means the linear mapping must
be able to cover all of the IO regions. Unfortunately with Sv39 we are
not able to cover all the IO regions available on existing hardware,
but we can do better than what we currently do (which only cover's
physical memory).

To this end, we restructure the kernel's virtual address space region.
We position the vmemmap at the beginning of the region (based on how
many virtual address bits we have) and the VMALLOC region comes
immediately after. The linear mapping then takes up the remaining space.
PAGE_OFFSET will need to be within the linear mapping but may not be
the start of the mapping seeing many machines don't have RAM at address
zero and we may still want to access lower addresses through the
linear mapping.

With these changes, on a 64-bit system the virtual memory map (with
sparsemem enabled) will be:

32-bit:

00000000 - 7fffffff user space, different per mm (2G)
80000000 - 81ffffff virtual memory map (32MB)
82000000 - bfffffff vmalloc/ioremap space (1GB - 32MB)
c0000000 - ffffffff direct mapping of all phys. memory (1GB)

64-bit, Sv39:

0000000000000000 - 0000003fffffffff user space, different per mm (256GB)
hole caused by [38:63] sign extension
ffffffc000000000 - ffffffc0ffffffff virtual memory map (4GB)
ffffffc100000000 - ffffffd0ffffffff vmalloc/ioremap spac (64GB)
ffffffd100000000 - ffffffffffffffff linear mapping of phys. space (188GB)

On the Sifive hardware this allows us to provide struct pages for
the lower I/O TileLink address ranges, the 32-bit and 34-bit DRAM areas
and 172GB of 240GB of the high I/O TileLink region. Once we progress to
Sv48 we should be able to cover all the available memory regions..

For the MAXPHYSMEM_2GB case, the physical memory must be in the highest
2GB of address space, so we cannot cover the any of the I/O regions
that are higher than it but we do cover the lower I/O TileLink range.

Signed-off-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
Cc: Antony Pavlov <antonynpavlov@gmail.com>
Cc: "Stefan O'Rear" <sorear2@gmail.com>
Cc: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
---
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 2 +-
arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h | 2 --
arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h | 27 ++++++++++++++++++---------
3 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index 76fc340ae38e..d21e6a12e8b6 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ config PAGE_OFFSET
hex
default 0xC0000000 if 32BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_2GB
default 0xffffffff80000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_2GB
- default 0xffffffe000000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_128GB
+ default 0xffffffd200000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_128GB

config ARCH_FLATMEM_ENABLE
def_bool y
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h
index 2a546a52f02a..fa0b8058a246 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h
@@ -31,8 +31,6 @@
*/
#define PAGE_OFFSET _AC(CONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET, UL)

-#define KERN_VIRT_SIZE (-PAGE_OFFSET)
-
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

#define PAGE_UP(addr) (((addr)+((PAGE_SIZE)-1))&(~((PAGE_SIZE)-1)))
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 5a9fea00ba09..2a5070540996 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -89,22 +89,31 @@ extern pgd_t swapper_pg_dir[];
#define __S110 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC
#define __S111 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC

-#define VMALLOC_SIZE (KERN_VIRT_SIZE >> 1)
-#define VMALLOC_END (PAGE_OFFSET - 1)
-#define VMALLOC_START (PAGE_OFFSET - VMALLOC_SIZE)
+#define KERN_SPACE_START (-1UL << (CONFIG_VA_BITS - 1))

/*
* Roughly size the vmemmap space to be large enough to fit enough
* struct pages to map half the virtual address space. Then
* position vmemmap directly below the VMALLOC region.
*/
-#define VMEMMAP_SHIFT \
- (CONFIG_VA_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT - 1 + STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT)
-#define VMEMMAP_SIZE (1UL << VMEMMAP_SHIFT)
-#define VMEMMAP_END (VMALLOC_START - 1)
-#define VMEMMAP_START (VMALLOC_START - VMEMMAP_SIZE)
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
+#define VMEMMAP_SIZE (UL(1) << (CONFIG_VA_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT - 1 + \
+ STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT))
+#define VMEMMAP_START (KERN_SPACE_START)
+#define VMEMMAP_END (VMEMMAP_START + VMEMMAP_SIZE - 1)
#define vmemmap ((struct page *)VMEMMAP_START)
+#else
+#define VMEMMAP_END KERN_SPACE_START
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_32BIT
+#define VMALLOC_SIZE ((1UL << 30) - VMEMMAP_SIZE)
+#else
+#define VMALLOC_SIZE (64UL << 30)
+#endif
+
+#define VMALLOC_START (VMEMMAP_END + 1)
+#define VMALLOC_END (VMALLOC_START + VMALLOC_SIZE - 1)

/*
* ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero,
--
2.20.1
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