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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 0/10] Another Approach to Use PMEM as NUMA Node
On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 9:15 AM Brice Goglin <> wrote:
> Le 23/03/2019 à 05:44, Yang Shi a écrit :
> > With Dave Hansen's patches merged into Linus's tree
> >
> >
> >
> > PMEM could be hot plugged as NUMA node now. But, how to use PMEM as NUMA node
> > effectively and efficiently is still a question.
> >
> > There have been a couple of proposals posted on the mailing list [1] [2].
> >
> > The patchset is aimed to try a different approach from this proposal [1]
> > to use PMEM as NUMA nodes.
> >
> > The approach is designed to follow the below principles:
> >
> > 1. Use PMEM as normal NUMA node, no special gfp flag, zone, zonelist, etc.
> >
> > 2. DRAM first/by default. No surprise to existing applications and default
> > running. PMEM will not be allocated unless its node is specified explicitly
> > by NUMA policy. Some applications may be not very sensitive to memory latency,
> > so they could be placed on PMEM nodes then have hot pages promote to DRAM
> > gradually.
> I am not against the approach for some workloads. However, many HPC
> people would rather do this manually. But there's currently no easy way
> to find out from userspace whether a given NUMA node is DDR or PMEM*. We
> have to assume HMAT is available (and correct) and look at performance
> attributes. When talking to humans, it would be better to say "I
> allocated on the local DDR NUMA node" rather than "I allocated on the
> fastest node according to HMAT latency".
> Also, when we'll have HBM+DDR, some applications may want to use DDR by
> default, which means they want the *slowest* node according to HMAT (by
> the way, will your hybrid policy work if we ever have HBM+DDR+PMEM?).
> Performance attributes could help, but how does user-space know for sure
> that X>Y will still mean HBM>DDR and not DDR>PMEM in 5 years?
> It seems to me that exporting a flag in sysfs saying whether a node is
> PMEM could be convenient. Patch series [1] exported a "type" in sysfs
> node directories ("pmem" or "dram"). I don't know how if there's an easy
> way to define what HBM is and expose that type too.

I'm generally against the concept that a "pmem" or "type" flag should
indicate anything about the expected performance of the address range.
The kernel should explicitly look to the HMAT for performance data and
not otherwise make type-based performance assumptions.

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