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SubjectRe: pick_next_task() picking the wrong task [v4.9.163]
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On Sat, 2019-03-23 at 11:15 +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Fri, Mar 22, 2019 at 05:57:59PM -0400, Radu Rendec wrote:
> > Hi Everyone,
> >
> > I believe I'm seeing a weird behavior of pick_next_task() where it
> > chooses a lower priority task over a higher priority one. The scheduling
> > class of the two tasks is also different ('fair' vs. 'rt'). The culprit
> > seems to be the optimization at the beginning of the function, where
> > fair_sched_class.pick_next_task() is called directly. I'm running
> > v4.9.163, but that piece of code is very similar in recent kernels.
> >
> > My use case is quite simple: I have a real-time thread that is woken up
> > by a GPIO hardware interrupt. The thread sleeps most of the time in
> > poll(), waiting for gpio_sysfs_irq() to wake it. The latency between the
> > interrupt and the thread being woken up/scheduled is very important for
> > the application. Note that I backported my own commit 03c0a9208bb1, so
> > the thread is always woken up synchronously from HW interrupt context.
> >
> > Most of the time things work as expected, but sometimes the scheduler
> > picks kworker and even the idle task before my real-time thread. I used
> > the trace infrastructure to figure out what happens and I'm including a
> > snippet below (I apologize for the wide lines).
>
> If only they were wide :/ I had to unwrap them myself..

Sorry about that! Wonders of using the gmail web interface. I'll pay
more attention in the future.

> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h2 161.202970: gpio_sysfs_irq <-__handle_irq_event_percpu
> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h2 161.202981: kernfs_notify <-gpio_sysfs_irq
> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h4 161.202998: sched_waking: comm=irqWorker pid=1141 prio=9 target_cpu=000
> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h5 161.203025: sched_wakeup: comm=irqWorker pid=1141 prio=9 target_cpu=000
>
> weird how the next line doesn't have 'n/N' set:
>
> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h3 161.203047: workqueue_queue_work: work struct=806506b8 function=kernfs_notify_workfn workqueue=8f5dae60 req_cpu=1 cpu=0
> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h3 161.203049: workqueue_activate_work: work struct 806506b8
> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h4 161.203061: sched_waking: comm=kworker/0:1 pid=134 prio=120 target_cpu=000
> > <idle>-0 [000] d.h5 161.203083: sched_wakeup: comm=kworker/0:1 pid=134 prio=120 target_cpu=000
>
> There's that kworker wakeup.
>
> > <idle>-0 [000] d..2 161.203201: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R+ ==> next_comm=kworker/0:1 next_pid=134 next_prio=120
>
> And I agree that that is weird.
>
> > kworker/0:1-134 [000] .... 161.203222: workqueue_execute_start: work struct 806506b8: function kernfs_notify_workfn
> > kworker/0:1-134 [000] ...1 161.203286: schedule <-worker_thread
> > kworker/0:1-134 [000] d..2 161.203329: sched_switch: prev_comm=kworker/0:1 prev_pid=134 prev_prio=120 prev_state=S ==> next_comm=swapper next_pid=0 next_prio=120
> > <idle>-0 [000] .n.1 161.230287: schedule <-schedule_preempt_disabled
>
> Only here do I see 'n'.

Looking at other captures I can see 'n' starting at sched_wakeup for
irqWorker. Perhaps there was something wrong with this one or I copied
the wrong line.

> > <idle>-0 [000] d..2 161.230310: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R+ ==> next_comm=irqWorker next_pid=1141 next_prio=9
> > irqWorker-1141 [000] d..3 161.230316: finish_task_switch <-schedule
> >
> > The system is Freescale MPC8378 (PowerPC, single processor).
> >
> > I instrumented pick_next_task() with trace_printk() and I am sure that
> > every time the wrong task is picked, flow goes through the optimization
>
> That's weird, because when you wake a RT task, the:
>
> rq->nr_running == rq->cfs.h_nr_running
>
> condition should not be true. Maybe try adding trace_printk() to all
> rq->nr_running manipulation to see what goes wobbly?

Sure, I will try that and come back with the results.

FWIW, I tried to comment out the entire optimization and force the
"slow" path that goes through every scheduling class. Surprisingly,
rt_sched_class.pick_next_task() returns NULL.

> > path and idle_sched_class.pick_next_task() is called directly. When the
> > right task is eventually picked, flow goes through the bottom block that
> > iterates over all scheduling classes. This probably makes sense: when
> > the scheduler runs in the context of the idle task, prev->sched_class is
> > no longer fair_sched_class, so the bottom block with the full iteration
> > is used. Note that in v4.9.163 the optimization path is taken only when
> > prev->sched_class is fair_sched_class, whereas in recent kernels it is
> > taken for both fair_sched_class and idle_sched_class.
> >
> > Any help or feedback would be much appreciated. In the meantime, I will
> > experiment with commenting out the optimization (at the expense of a
> > slower scheduler, of course).
>
> It would be very good if you could confirm on the very latest kernel,
> instead of on 4.9.

Of course. I spent quite some time on this and fortunately I've got
something. I can now reproduce the problem on 5.0.3 with a 250 lines
test program on a Raspberry Pi 1B. IMO this is far better than what I
had on Friday (4.9.x with a huge proprietary application, running on
custom hardware). Not quite "the very latest kernel", but pretty close.
That's the latest thing that I could run on the Pi, as it requires a
whole bunch of custom patches that they haven't upstreamed yet (ugh!)

I can upload the full trace log and the test program and post the links
if you find any value in that. In the meantime, I'm including the log
around the HW IRQ below (this time with unfolded lines, I promise).
Thread names are different in the test program. The "interesting" thread
is now called "gpio-irq-lat".

Thank you for looking into this. I really appreciate it!

Best regards,
Radu Rendec


<idle>-0 [000] d.h1 290.675001: gpio_sysfs_irq <-__handle_irq_event_percpu
<idle>-0 [000] d.h1 290.675003: preempt_count_add <-gpio_sysfs_irq
<idle>-0 [000] d.h2 290.675005: ktime_get <-gpio_sysfs_irq
<idle>-0 [000] d.h2 290.675007: clocksource_mmio_readl_up <-ktime_get
<idle>-0 [000] d.h2 290.675022: gpio_sysfs_irq: new 290569083832 0
<idle>-0 [000] d.h2 290.675028: preempt_count_sub <-gpio_sysfs_irq
<idle>-0 [000] d.h1 290.675031: kernfs_notify <-gpio_sysfs_irq
<idle>-0 [000] d.h1 290.675033: preempt_count_add <-kernfs_notify
<idle>-0 [000] d.h2 290.675036: __wake_up <-kernfs_notify
<idle>-0 [000] d.h2 290.675038: __wake_up_common_lock <-__wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] d.h2 290.675040: preempt_count_add <-__wake_up_common_lock
<idle>-0 [000] d.h3 290.675042: __wake_up_common <-__wake_up_common_lock
<idle>-0 [000] d.h3 290.675045: pollwake <-__wake_up_common
<idle>-0 [000] d.h3 290.675048: default_wake_function <-pollwake
<idle>-0 [000] d.h3 290.675050: try_to_wake_up <-default_wake_function
<idle>-0 [000] d.h3 290.675052: preempt_count_add <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] d.h4 290.675056: sched_waking: comm=gpio-irq-lat pid=1164 prio=9 target_cpu=000
<idle>-0 [000] d.h4 290.675060: preempt_count_add <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675063: update_rq_clock <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675066: activate_task <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675069: enqueue_task_rt <-activate_task
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675072: dequeue_rt_stack <-enqueue_task_rt
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675074: dequeue_top_rt_rq.constprop.10 <-dequeue_rt_stack
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675079: preempt_count_add <-enqueue_task_rt
<idle>-0 [000] d.h6 290.675082: preempt_count_sub <-enqueue_task_rt
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675084: enqueue_top_rt_rq.constprop.12 <-enqueue_task_rt
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675087: ttwu_do_wakeup.constprop.30 <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675089: check_preempt_curr <-ttwu_do_wakeup.constprop.30
<idle>-0 [000] d.h5 290.675092: resched_curr <-check_preempt_curr
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675099: sched_wakeup: comm=gpio-irq-lat pid=1164 prio=9 target_cpu=000
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675101: preempt_count_sub <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh4 290.675104: ttwu_stat.constprop.32 <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh4 290.675106: preempt_count_sub <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675110: preempt_count_sub <-__wake_up_common_lock
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675114: preempt_count_sub <-kernfs_notify
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675117: preempt_count_add <-kernfs_notify
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675119: kernfs_get <-kernfs_notify
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675122: queue_work_on <-kernfs_notify
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675125: __queue_work <-queue_work_on
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675128: get_work_pool <-__queue_work
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675132: preempt_count_add <-__queue_work
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675136: workqueue_queue_work: work struct=4b4b2bdf function=kernfs_notify_workfn workqueue=8231353a req_cpu=1 cpu=0
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675141: workqueue_activate_work: work struct 4b4b2bdf
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675146: insert_work <-__queue_work
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675148: get_pwq <-insert_work
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675151: wake_up_process <-insert_work
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675153: try_to_wake_up <-wake_up_process
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675155: preempt_count_add <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh4 290.675157: sched_waking: comm=kworker/0:2 pid=57 prio=120 target_cpu=000
<idle>-0 [000] dnh4 290.675160: preempt_count_add <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675162: update_rq_clock <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675164: activate_task <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675167: enqueue_task_fair <-activate_task
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675170: update_curr <-enqueue_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675174: update_cfs_group <-enqueue_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675178: check_spread <-enqueue_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675180: __enqueue_entity <-enqueue_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675184: hrtick_update <-enqueue_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675186: wq_worker_waking_up <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675188: kthread_data <-wq_worker_waking_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675191: ttwu_do_wakeup.constprop.30 <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675193: check_preempt_curr <-ttwu_do_wakeup.constprop.30
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675195: resched_curr <-check_preempt_curr
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675198: sched_wakeup: comm=kworker/0:2 pid=57 prio=120 target_cpu=000
<idle>-0 [000] dnh5 290.675200: preempt_count_sub <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh4 290.675202: ttwu_stat.constprop.32 <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh4 290.675204: preempt_count_sub <-try_to_wake_up
<idle>-0 [000] dnh3 290.675206: preempt_count_sub <-__queue_work
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675209: preempt_count_sub <-kernfs_notify
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675212: irq_handler_exit: irq=160 ret=handled
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675215: add_interrupt_randomness <-handle_irq_event_percpu
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675218: read_current_timer <-add_interrupt_randomness
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675221: note_interrupt <-handle_irq_event_percpu
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675223: preempt_count_add <-handle_irq_event
<idle>-0 [000] dnh2 290.675226: preempt_count_sub <-handle_edge_irq
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675229: armctrl_unmask_irq <-bcm2835_gpio_irq_handler
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675231: irq_exit <-__handle_domain_irq
<idle>-0 [000] dnh1 290.675233: preempt_count_sub <-irq_exit
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675237: idle_cpu <-irq_exit
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675240: rcu_irq_exit <-irq_exit
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675242: get_next_armctrl_hwirq <-bcm2835_handle_irq
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675246: __srcu_read_lock <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675248: rcu_irq_enter_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675250: rcu_irq_enter <-rcu_irq_enter_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675253: irq_enable: caller=__irq_svc+0x78/0x94 parent=do_idle+0xc4/0x138
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675255: rcu_irq_exit_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675257: rcu_irq_exit <-rcu_irq_exit_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675259: __srcu_read_unlock <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675262: arch_cpu_idle_exit <-do_idle
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675264: ledtrig_cpu <-arch_cpu_idle_exit
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675266: led_trigger_event <-ledtrig_cpu
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675268: preempt_count_add <-led_trigger_event
<idle>-0 [000] .n.2 290.675270: preempt_count_sub <-led_trigger_event
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675273: led_trigger_event <-ledtrig_cpu
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675275: preempt_count_add <-led_trigger_event
<idle>-0 [000] .n.2 290.675277: preempt_count_sub <-led_trigger_event
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675279: tick_nohz_idle_exit <-do_idle
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675282: __srcu_read_lock <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675284: rcu_irq_enter_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675286: rcu_irq_enter <-rcu_irq_enter_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675288: irq_disable: caller=tick_nohz_idle_exit+0x24/0x130 parent=do_idle+0xcc/0x138
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675290: rcu_irq_exit_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675292: rcu_irq_exit <-rcu_irq_exit_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675294: __srcu_read_unlock <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675296: ktime_get <-tick_nohz_idle_exit
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675298: clocksource_mmio_readl_up <-ktime_get
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675301: __tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick.constprop.4 <-tick_nohz_idle_exit
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675304: timer_clear_idle <-__tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick.constprop.4
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675306: calc_load_nohz_stop <-__tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick.constprop.4
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675309: hrtimer_cancel <-__tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick.constprop.4
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675311: hrtimer_try_to_cancel <-hrtimer_cancel
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675313: preempt_count_add <-hrtimer_try_to_cancel
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675317: hrtimer_cancel: hrtimer=f8522568
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675319: __remove_hrtimer <-hrtimer_try_to_cancel
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675324: preempt_count_sub <-hrtimer_try_to_cancel
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675327: hrtimer_forward <-__tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick.constprop.4
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675331: hrtimer_start_range_ns <-__tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick.constprop.4
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675333: preempt_count_add <-hrtimer_start_range_ns
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675337: enqueue_hrtimer <-hrtimer_start_range_ns
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675341: hrtimer_start: hrtimer=f8522568 function=tick_sched_timer expires=290570000000 softexpires=290570000000 mode=ABS|PINNED
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675346: hrtimer_reprogram.constprop.7 <-hrtimer_start_range_ns
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675352: tick_program_event <-hrtimer_reprogram.constprop.7
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675356: clockevents_program_event <-tick_program_event
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675358: ktime_get <-clockevents_program_event
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675360: clocksource_mmio_readl_up <-ktime_get
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675365: bcm2835_time_set_next_event <-clockevents_program_event
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675368: preempt_count_sub <-hrtimer_start_range_ns
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675370: account_idle_ticks <-__tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick.constprop.4
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675373: account_idle_time <-account_idle_ticks
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675376: __srcu_read_lock <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675378: rcu_irq_enter_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675380: rcu_irq_enter <-rcu_irq_enter_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675382: irq_enable: caller=tick_nohz_idle_exit+0xc0/0x130 parent=do_idle+0xcc/0x138
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675385: rcu_irq_exit_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675387: rcu_irq_exit <-rcu_irq_exit_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675389: __srcu_read_unlock <-trace_hardirqs_on
<idle>-0 [000] .n.1 290.675391: schedule_idle <-do_idle
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675395: __srcu_read_lock <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675398: rcu_irq_enter_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675400: rcu_irq_enter <-rcu_irq_enter_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675402: irq_disable: caller=__schedule+0x68/0x8f0 parent=schedule_idle+0x44/0x88
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675404: rcu_irq_exit_irqson <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675406: rcu_irq_exit <-rcu_irq_exit_irqson
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675408: __srcu_read_unlock <-trace_hardirqs_off
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675410: rcu_note_context_switch <-__schedule
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675414: rcu_utilization: Start context switch
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675417: rcu_preempt_deferred_qs <-rcu_note_context_switch
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675419: rcu_qs <-rcu_note_context_switch
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675422: rcu_utilization: End context switch
<idle>-0 [000] dn.1 290.675424: preempt_count_add <-__schedule
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675427: update_rq_clock <-__schedule
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675430: pick_next_task_fair <-__schedule
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675432: put_prev_task_idle <-pick_next_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675434: pick_next_entity <-pick_next_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675437: clear_buddies <-pick_next_entity
<idle>-0 [000] dn.2 290.675440: set_next_entity <-pick_next_task_fair
<idle>-0 [000] d..2 290.675450: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=kworker/0:2 next_pid=57 next_prio=120

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