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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/6] x86, mm: make split_mem_range() more easy to read
Wei,

On Tue, 12 Feb 2019, Wei Yang wrote:
>
> This patch changes the implementation from the first perception to the
> second to reduce one different handling on end_pfn. After doing so, the
> code is easier to read.

It's maybe slightly easier to read, but it's still completely unreadable
garbage.

Not your fault, it was garbage before.

But refining garbage still results in garbage. Just the smell is slightly
different.

Why?

1) Doing all the calculations PFN based is just a pointless
indirection. Just look at all the rounding magic and back and forth
conversions.

All of that can be done purely address/size based which makes the code
truly readable.

2) The 5(3) sections are more or less copied code with a few changes of
constants, except for the first section (A) which has an extra quirk
for 32bit. Plus all the 64bit vs. 32bit #ifdeffery which is not making
it any better.

This copied mess can be avoided by using helper functions and proper
loops.

3) During the bootmem phase the code tries to preserve large mappings
_AFTER_ splitting them up and then it tries to merge the resulting
overlaps.

This is completely backwards because the expansion of the range can be
tried right away when then mapping of a large page is attempted. Surely
not with the current mess, but with a proper loop based approach it can
be done nicely.

Btw, there is a bug in that expansion code which could result in
undoing the enforced 4K mapping of the lower 2M/4M range on 32bit. It's
probably not an issue in practice because the low range is usually not
contiguous. But it works by chance not by design.

4) The debug print string retrieval function is just silly.

The logic for rewriting this is pretty obvious:

while (addr < end) {
setup_mr(mr, addr, end);
for_each_map_size(1G, 2M, 4K) {
if (try_map(mr, size))
break;
}
addr = mr->end;
}

setup_mr() takes care of the 32bit 0-2/4M range by limiting the
range and setting the allowed size mask in mr to 4k only.

try_map() does:

1) Try to expand the range to preserve large pages during bootmem

2) If the range start is not aligned, limit the end to the large
size boundary, so the next lower map size will only cover the
unaligned portion.

3) If the range end is not aligned, fit as much large
size as possible.

No magic A-E required, because it just falls into place naturally and
the expansion is done at the right place and not after the fact.

Find a mostly untested patch which implements this below. I just booted it
in a 64bit guest and it did not explode.

It removes 55 lines of code instead of adding 35 and reduces the binary
size by 408 bytes on 64bit and 128 bytes on 32bit.

Note, it's a combo of changes (including your patch 1/6) and needs to be
split up. It would be nice if you have time to split it up into separate
patches, add proper changelogs and test the heck out of it on both 32 and
64 bit. If you don't have time, please let me know.

Thanks,

tglx

8<---------------
arch/x86/mm/init.c | 259 ++++++++++++++++++++---------------------------------
1 file changed, 102 insertions(+), 157 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
@@ -157,17 +157,28 @@ void __init early_alloc_pgt_buf(void)
pgt_buf_top = pgt_buf_start + (tables >> PAGE_SHIFT);
}

-int after_bootmem;
+int after_bootmem __ro_after_init;

early_param_on_off("gbpages", "nogbpages", direct_gbpages, CONFIG_X86_DIRECT_GBPAGES);

struct map_range {
- unsigned long start;
- unsigned long end;
- unsigned page_size_mask;
+ unsigned long start;
+ unsigned long end;
+ unsigned int page_size_mask;
};

-static int page_size_mask;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+#define NR_RANGE_MR 3
+#else
+#define NR_RANGE_MR 5
+#endif
+
+struct mapinfo {
+ unsigned int mask;
+ unsigned int size;
+};
+
+static unsigned int page_size_mask __ro_after_init;

static void __init probe_page_size_mask(void)
{
@@ -177,7 +188,7 @@ static void __init probe_page_size_mask(
* large pages into small in interrupt context, etc.
*/
if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE) && !debug_pagealloc_enabled())
- page_size_mask |= 1 << PG_LEVEL_2M;
+ page_size_mask |= 1U << PG_LEVEL_2M;
else
direct_gbpages = 0;

@@ -201,7 +212,7 @@ static void __init probe_page_size_mask(
/* Enable 1 GB linear kernel mappings if available: */
if (direct_gbpages && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_GBPAGES)) {
printk(KERN_INFO "Using GB pages for direct mapping\n");
- page_size_mask |= 1 << PG_LEVEL_1G;
+ page_size_mask |= 1U << PG_LEVEL_1G;
} else {
direct_gbpages = 0;
}
@@ -249,185 +260,119 @@ static void setup_pcid(void)
}
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
-#define NR_RANGE_MR 3
-#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
-#define NR_RANGE_MR 5
+static void __meminit mr_print(struct map_range *mr, unsigned int maxidx)
+{
+#if defined(CONFIG_X86_32) && !defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE)
+ static const char *sz[2] = { "4k", "4M" };
+#else
+ static const char *sz[4] = { "4k", "2M", "1G", "" };
#endif
+ unsigned int idx, s;

-static int __meminit save_mr(struct map_range *mr, int nr_range,
- unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
- unsigned long page_size_mask)
-{
- if (start_pfn < end_pfn) {
- if (nr_range >= NR_RANGE_MR)
- panic("run out of range for init_memory_mapping\n");
- mr[nr_range].start = start_pfn<<PAGE_SHIFT;
- mr[nr_range].end = end_pfn<<PAGE_SHIFT;
- mr[nr_range].page_size_mask = page_size_mask;
- nr_range++;
+ for (idx = 0; idx < maxidx; idx++, mr++) {
+ s = (mr->page_size_mask >> PG_LEVEL_2M) & (ARRAY_SIZE(sz) -1);
+ pr_debug(" [mem %#010lx-%#010lx] page size %s\n",
+ mr->start, mr->end - 1, sz[s]);
}
-
- return nr_range;
}

/*
- * adjust the page_size_mask for small range to go with
- * big page size instead small one if nearby are ram too.
+ * Try to preserve large mappings during bootmem by expanding the current
+ * range to large page mapping of @size and verifying that the result is
+ * within a memory region.
*/
-static void __ref adjust_range_page_size_mask(struct map_range *mr,
- int nr_range)
+static void __meminit mr_expand(struct map_range *mr, unsigned int size)
{
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < nr_range; i++) {
- if ((page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_2M)) &&
- !(mr[i].page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_2M))) {
- unsigned long start = round_down(mr[i].start, PMD_SIZE);
- unsigned long end = round_up(mr[i].end, PMD_SIZE);
+ unsigned long start = round_down(mr->start, size);
+ unsigned long end = round_up(mr->end, size);

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- if ((end >> PAGE_SHIFT) > max_low_pfn)
- continue;
-#endif
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32) && (end >> PAGE_SHIFT) > max_low_pfn)
+ return;

- if (memblock_is_region_memory(start, end - start))
- mr[i].page_size_mask |= 1<<PG_LEVEL_2M;
- }
- if ((page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_1G)) &&
- !(mr[i].page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_1G))) {
- unsigned long start = round_down(mr[i].start, PUD_SIZE);
- unsigned long end = round_up(mr[i].end, PUD_SIZE);
-
- if (memblock_is_region_memory(start, end - start))
- mr[i].page_size_mask |= 1<<PG_LEVEL_1G;
- }
+ if (memblock_is_region_memory(start, end - start)) {
+ mr->start = start;
+ mr->end = end;
}
}

-static const char *page_size_string(struct map_range *mr)
+static bool __meminit mr_try_map(struct map_range *mr, const struct mapinfo *mi)
{
- static const char str_1g[] = "1G";
- static const char str_2m[] = "2M";
- static const char str_4m[] = "4M";
- static const char str_4k[] = "4k";
+ unsigned long len;

- if (mr->page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_1G))
- return str_1g;
- /*
- * 32-bit without PAE has a 4M large page size.
- * PG_LEVEL_2M is misnamed, but we can at least
- * print out the right size in the string.
- */
- if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32) &&
- !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_PAE) &&
- mr->page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_2M))
- return str_4m;
+ /* Check whether the map size is supported. PAGE_SIZE always is. */
+ if (mi->mask && !(mr->page_size_mask & mi->mask))
+ return false;

- if (mr->page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_2M))
- return str_2m;
+ if (!after_bootmem)
+ mr_expand(mr, mi->size);

- return str_4k;
-}
+ if (!IS_ALIGNED(mr->start, mi->size)) {
+ /* Limit the range to the next boundary of this size. */
+ mr->end = min_t(unsigned long, mr->end,
+ round_up(mr->start, mi->size));
+ return false;
+ }

-static int __meminit split_mem_range(struct map_range *mr, int nr_range,
- unsigned long start,
- unsigned long end)
-{
- unsigned long start_pfn, end_pfn, limit_pfn;
- unsigned long pfn;
- int i;
+ if (!IS_ALIGNED(mr->end, mi->size)) {
+ /* Try to fit as much as possible */
+ len = round_down(mr->end - mr->start, mi->size);
+ if (!len)
+ return false;
+ mr->end = mr->start + len;
+ }

- limit_pfn = PFN_DOWN(end);
+ /* Store the effective page size mask */
+ mr->page_size_mask = mi->mask;
+ return true;
+}

- /* head if not big page alignment ? */
- pfn = start_pfn = PFN_DOWN(start);
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+static void __meminit mr_setup(struct map_range *mr, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
/*
- * Don't use a large page for the first 2/4MB of memory
- * because there are often fixed size MTRRs in there
- * and overlapping MTRRs into large pages can cause
- * slowdowns.
+ * On 32bit the first 2/4MB are often covered by fixed size MTRRs.
+ * Overlapping MTRRs on large pages can cause slowdowns. Force 4k
+ * mappings.
*/
- if (pfn == 0)
- end_pfn = PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE);
- else
- end_pfn = round_up(pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE));
-#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
- end_pfn = round_up(pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE));
-#endif
- if (end_pfn > limit_pfn)
- end_pfn = limit_pfn;
- if (start_pfn < end_pfn) {
- nr_range = save_mr(mr, nr_range, start_pfn, end_pfn, 0);
- pfn = end_pfn;
- }
-
- /* big page (2M) range */
- start_pfn = round_up(pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE));
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- end_pfn = round_down(limit_pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE));
-#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
- end_pfn = round_up(pfn, PFN_DOWN(PUD_SIZE));
- if (end_pfn > round_down(limit_pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE)))
- end_pfn = round_down(limit_pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE));
-#endif
-
- if (start_pfn < end_pfn) {
- nr_range = save_mr(mr, nr_range, start_pfn, end_pfn,
- page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_2M));
- pfn = end_pfn;
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32) && start < PMD_SIZE) {
+ mr->page_size_mask = 0;
+ mr->end = min_t(unsigned long, end, PMD_SIZE);
+ } else {
+ /* Set the possible mapping sizes and allow full range. */
+ mr->page_size_mask = page_size_mask;
+ mr->end = end;
}
+ mr->start = start;
+}

+static int __meminit split_mem_range(struct map_range *mr, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ static const struct mapinfo mapinfos[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- /* big page (1G) range */
- start_pfn = round_up(pfn, PFN_DOWN(PUD_SIZE));
- end_pfn = round_down(limit_pfn, PFN_DOWN(PUD_SIZE));
- if (start_pfn < end_pfn) {
- nr_range = save_mr(mr, nr_range, start_pfn, end_pfn,
- page_size_mask &
- ((1<<PG_LEVEL_2M)|(1<<PG_LEVEL_1G)));
- pfn = end_pfn;
- }
-
- /* tail is not big page (1G) alignment */
- start_pfn = round_up(pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE));
- end_pfn = round_down(limit_pfn, PFN_DOWN(PMD_SIZE));
- if (start_pfn < end_pfn) {
- nr_range = save_mr(mr, nr_range, start_pfn, end_pfn,
- page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_2M));
- pfn = end_pfn;
- }
+ { .mask = 1U << PG_LEVEL_1G, .size = PUD_SIZE },
#endif
+ { .mask = 1U << PG_LEVEL_2M, .size = PMD_SIZE },
+ { .mask = 0, .size = PAGE_SIZE },
+ };
+ const struct mapinfo *mi;
+ struct map_range *curmr;
+ unsigned long addr;
+ int idx;
+
+ for (idx = 0, addr = start, curmr = mr; addr < end; idx++, curmr++) {
+ BUG_ON(idx == NR_RANGE_MR);

- /* tail is not big page (2M) alignment */
- start_pfn = pfn;
- end_pfn = limit_pfn;
- nr_range = save_mr(mr, nr_range, start_pfn, end_pfn, 0);
+ mr_setup(curmr, addr, end);

- if (!after_bootmem)
- adjust_range_page_size_mask(mr, nr_range);
+ /* Try map sizes top down. PAGE_SIZE will always succeed. */
+ for (mi = mapinfos; !mr_try_map(curmr, mi); mi++);

- /* try to merge same page size and continuous */
- for (i = 0; nr_range > 1 && i < nr_range - 1; i++) {
- unsigned long old_start;
- if (mr[i].end != mr[i+1].start ||
- mr[i].page_size_mask != mr[i+1].page_size_mask)
- continue;
- /* move it */
- old_start = mr[i].start;
- memmove(&mr[i], &mr[i+1],
- (nr_range - 1 - i) * sizeof(struct map_range));
- mr[i--].start = old_start;
- nr_range--;
+ /* Get the start address for the next range */
+ addr = curmr->end;
}
-
- for (i = 0; i < nr_range; i++)
- pr_debug(" [mem %#010lx-%#010lx] page %s\n",
- mr[i].start, mr[i].end - 1,
- page_size_string(&mr[i]));
-
- return nr_range;
+ mr_print(mr, idx);
+ return idx;
}

struct range pfn_mapped[E820_MAX_ENTRIES];
@@ -474,7 +419,7 @@ unsigned long __ref init_memory_mapping(
start, end - 1);

memset(mr, 0, sizeof(mr));
- nr_range = split_mem_range(mr, 0, start, end);
+ nr_range = split_mem_range(mr, start, end);

for (i = 0; i < nr_range; i++)
ret = kernel_physical_mapping_init(mr[i].start, mr[i].end,
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