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Subject[PATCH 5.0 099/238] soc: qcom: rpmh: Avoid accessing freed memory from batch API
Date
5.0-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Stephen Boyd <swboyd@chromium.org>

commit baef1c90aac7e5bf13f0360a3b334825a23d31a1 upstream.

Using the batch API from the interconnect driver sometimes leads to a
KASAN error due to an access to freed memory. This is easier to trigger
with threadirqs on the kernel commandline.

BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in rpmh_tx_done+0x114/0x12c
Read of size 1 at addr fffffff51414ad84 by task irq/110-apps_rs/57

CPU: 0 PID: 57 Comm: irq/110-apps_rs Tainted: G W 4.19.10 #72
Call trace:
dump_backtrace+0x0/0x2f8
show_stack+0x20/0x2c
__dump_stack+0x20/0x28
dump_stack+0xcc/0x10c
print_address_description+0x74/0x240
kasan_report+0x250/0x26c
__asan_report_load1_noabort+0x20/0x2c
rpmh_tx_done+0x114/0x12c
tcs_tx_done+0x450/0x768
irq_forced_thread_fn+0x58/0x9c
irq_thread+0x120/0x1dc
kthread+0x248/0x260
ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18

Allocated by task 385:
kasan_kmalloc+0xac/0x148
__kmalloc+0x170/0x1e4
rpmh_write_batch+0x174/0x540
qcom_icc_set+0x8dc/0x9ac
icc_set+0x288/0x2e8
a6xx_gmu_stop+0x320/0x3c0
a6xx_pm_suspend+0x108/0x124
adreno_suspend+0x50/0x60
pm_generic_runtime_suspend+0x60/0x78
__rpm_callback+0x214/0x32c
rpm_callback+0x54/0x184
rpm_suspend+0x3f8/0xa90
pm_runtime_work+0xb4/0x178
process_one_work+0x544/0xbc0
worker_thread+0x514/0x7d0
kthread+0x248/0x260
ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18

Freed by task 385:
__kasan_slab_free+0x12c/0x1e0
kasan_slab_free+0x10/0x1c
kfree+0x134/0x588
rpmh_write_batch+0x49c/0x540
qcom_icc_set+0x8dc/0x9ac
icc_set+0x288/0x2e8
a6xx_gmu_stop+0x320/0x3c0
a6xx_pm_suspend+0x108/0x124
adreno_suspend+0x50/0x60
cr50_spi spi5.0: SPI transfer timed out
pm_generic_runtime_suspend+0x60/0x78
__rpm_callback+0x214/0x32c
rpm_callback+0x54/0x184
rpm_suspend+0x3f8/0xa90
pm_runtime_work+0xb4/0x178
process_one_work+0x544/0xbc0
worker_thread+0x514/0x7d0
kthread+0x248/0x260
ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18

The buggy address belongs to the object at fffffff51414ac80
which belongs to the cache kmalloc-512 of size 512
The buggy address is located 260 bytes inside of
512-byte region [fffffff51414ac80, fffffff51414ae80)
The buggy address belongs to the page:
page:ffffffbfd4505200 count:1 mapcount:0 mapping:fffffff51e00c680 index:0x0 compound_mapcount: 0
flags: 0x4000000000008100(slab|head)
raw: 4000000000008100 ffffffbfd4529008 ffffffbfd44f9208 fffffff51e00c680
raw: 0000000000000000 0000000000200020 00000001ffffffff 0000000000000000
page dumped because: kasan: bad access detected

Memory state around the buggy address:
fffffff51414ac80: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
fffffff51414ad00: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
>fffffff51414ad80: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
^
fffffff51414ae00: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
fffffff51414ae80: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc

The batch API sets the same completion for each rpmh message that's sent
and then loops through all the messages and waits for that single
completion declared on the stack to be completed before returning from
the function and freeing the message structures. Unfortunately, some
messages may still be in process and 'stuck' in the TCS. At some later
point, the tcs_tx_done() interrupt will run and try to process messages
that have already been freed at the end of rpmh_write_batch(). This will
in turn access the 'needs_free' member of the rpmh_request structure and
cause KASAN to complain. Furthermore, if there's a message that's
completed in rpmh_tx_done() and freed immediately after the complete()
call is made we'll be racing with potentially freed memory when
accessing the 'needs_free' member:

CPU0 CPU1
---- ----
rpmh_tx_done()
complete(&compl)
wait_for_completion(&compl)
kfree(rpm_msg)
if (rpm_msg->needs_free)
<KASAN warning splat>

Let's fix this by allocating a chunk of completions for each message and
waiting for all of them to be completed before returning from the batch
API. Alternatively, we could wait for the last message in the batch, but
that may be a more complicated change because it looks like
tcs_tx_done() just iterates through the indices of the queue and
completes each message instead of tracking the last inserted message and
completing that first.

Fixes: c8790cb6da58 ("drivers: qcom: rpmh: add support for batch RPMH request")
Cc: Lina Iyer <ilina@codeaurora.org>
Cc: "Raju P.L.S.S.S.N" <rplsssn@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
Cc: Evan Green <evgreen@chromium.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Reviewed-by: Lina Iyer <ilina@codeaurora.org>
Reviewed-by: Evan Green <evgreen@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <swboyd@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Bjorn Andersson <bjorn.andersson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andy Gross <andy.gross@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
drivers/soc/qcom/rpmh.c | 34 +++++++++++++++++++++-------------
1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/soc/qcom/rpmh.c
+++ b/drivers/soc/qcom/rpmh.c
@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ void rpmh_tx_done(const struct tcs_reque
struct rpmh_request *rpm_msg = container_of(msg, struct rpmh_request,
msg);
struct completion *compl = rpm_msg->completion;
+ bool free = rpm_msg->needs_free;

rpm_msg->err = r;

@@ -94,7 +95,7 @@ void rpmh_tx_done(const struct tcs_reque
complete(compl);

exit:
- if (rpm_msg->needs_free)
+ if (free)
kfree(rpm_msg);
}

@@ -348,11 +349,12 @@ int rpmh_write_batch(const struct device
{
struct batch_cache_req *req;
struct rpmh_request *rpm_msgs;
- DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(compl);
+ struct completion *compls;
struct rpmh_ctrlr *ctrlr = get_rpmh_ctrlr(dev);
unsigned long time_left;
int count = 0;
- int ret, i, j;
+ int ret, i;
+ void *ptr;

if (!cmd || !n)
return -EINVAL;
@@ -362,10 +364,15 @@ int rpmh_write_batch(const struct device
if (!count)
return -EINVAL;

- req = kzalloc(sizeof(*req) + count * sizeof(req->rpm_msgs[0]),
+ ptr = kzalloc(sizeof(*req) +
+ count * (sizeof(req->rpm_msgs[0]) + sizeof(*compls)),
GFP_ATOMIC);
- if (!req)
+ if (!ptr)
return -ENOMEM;
+
+ req = ptr;
+ compls = ptr + sizeof(*req) + count * sizeof(*rpm_msgs);
+
req->count = count;
rpm_msgs = req->rpm_msgs;

@@ -380,25 +387,26 @@ int rpmh_write_batch(const struct device
}

for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
- rpm_msgs[i].completion = &compl;
+ struct completion *compl = &compls[i];
+
+ init_completion(compl);
+ rpm_msgs[i].completion = compl;
ret = rpmh_rsc_send_data(ctrlr_to_drv(ctrlr), &rpm_msgs[i].msg);
if (ret) {
pr_err("Error(%d) sending RPMH message addr=%#x\n",
ret, rpm_msgs[i].msg.cmds[0].addr);
- for (j = i; j < count; j++)
- rpmh_tx_done(&rpm_msgs[j].msg, ret);
break;
}
}

time_left = RPMH_TIMEOUT_MS;
- for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
- time_left = wait_for_completion_timeout(&compl, time_left);
+ while (i--) {
+ time_left = wait_for_completion_timeout(&compls[i], time_left);
if (!time_left) {
/*
* Better hope they never finish because they'll signal
- * the completion on our stack and that's bad once
- * we've returned from the function.
+ * the completion that we're going to free once
+ * we've returned from this function.
*/
WARN_ON(1);
ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
@@ -407,7 +415,7 @@ int rpmh_write_batch(const struct device
}

exit:
- kfree(req);
+ kfree(ptr);

return ret;
}

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