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Subject[PATCH 5.0 194/238] bcache: never writeback a discard operation
Date
5.0-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Daniel Axtens <dja@axtens.net>

commit 9951379b0ca88c95876ad9778b9099e19a95d566 upstream.

Some users see panics like the following when performing fstrim on a
bcached volume:

[ 529.803060] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000008
[ 530.183928] #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
[ 530.412392] PGD 8000001f42163067 P4D 8000001f42163067 PUD 1f42168067 PMD 0
[ 530.750887] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
[ 530.920869] CPU: 10 PID: 4167 Comm: fstrim Kdump: loaded Not tainted 5.0.0-rc1+ #3
[ 531.290204] Hardware name: HP ProLiant DL360 Gen9/ProLiant DL360 Gen9, BIOS P89 12/27/2015
[ 531.693137] RIP: 0010:blk_queue_split+0x148/0x620
[ 531.922205] Code: 60 38 89 55 a0 45 31 db 45 31 f6 45 31 c9 31 ff 89 4d 98 85 db 0f 84 7f 04 00 00 44 8b 6d 98 4c 89 ee 48 c1 e6 04 49 03 70 78 <8b> 46 08 44 8b 56 0c 48
8b 16 44 29 e0 39 d8 48 89 55 a8 0f 47 c3
[ 532.838634] RSP: 0018:ffffb9b708df39b0 EFLAGS: 00010246
[ 533.093571] RAX: 00000000ffffffff RBX: 0000000000046000 RCX: 0000000000000000
[ 533.441865] RDX: 0000000000000200 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
[ 533.789922] RBP: ffffb9b708df3a48 R08: ffff940d3b3fdd20 R09: 0000000000000000
[ 534.137512] R10: ffffb9b708df3958 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
[ 534.485329] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff940d39212020
[ 534.833319] FS: 00007efec26e3840(0000) GS:ffff940d1f480000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 535.224098] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 535.504318] CR2: 0000000000000008 CR3: 0000001f4e256004 CR4: 00000000001606e0
[ 535.851759] Call Trace:
[ 535.970308] ? mempool_alloc_slab+0x15/0x20
[ 536.174152] ? bch_data_insert+0x42/0xd0 [bcache]
[ 536.403399] blk_mq_make_request+0x97/0x4f0
[ 536.607036] generic_make_request+0x1e2/0x410
[ 536.819164] submit_bio+0x73/0x150
[ 536.980168] ? submit_bio+0x73/0x150
[ 537.149731] ? bio_associate_blkg_from_css+0x3b/0x60
[ 537.391595] ? _cond_resched+0x1a/0x50
[ 537.573774] submit_bio_wait+0x59/0x90
[ 537.756105] blkdev_issue_discard+0x80/0xd0
[ 537.959590] ext4_trim_fs+0x4a9/0x9e0
[ 538.137636] ? ext4_trim_fs+0x4a9/0x9e0
[ 538.324087] ext4_ioctl+0xea4/0x1530
[ 538.497712] ? _copy_to_user+0x2a/0x40
[ 538.679632] do_vfs_ioctl+0xa6/0x600
[ 538.853127] ? __do_sys_newfstat+0x44/0x70
[ 539.051951] ksys_ioctl+0x6d/0x80
[ 539.212785] __x64_sys_ioctl+0x1a/0x20
[ 539.394918] do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x110
[ 539.568674] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

We have observed it where both:
1) LVM/devmapper is involved (bcache backing device is LVM volume) and
2) writeback cache is involved (bcache cache_mode is writeback)

On one machine, we can reliably reproduce it with:

# echo writeback > /sys/block/bcache0/bcache/cache_mode
(not sure whether above line is required)
# mount /dev/bcache0 /test
# for i in {0..10}; do
file="$(mktemp /test/zero.XXX)"
dd if=/dev/zero of="$file" bs=1M count=256
sync
rm $file
done
# fstrim -v /test

Observing this with tracepoints on, we see the following writes:

fstrim-18019 [022] .... 91107.302026: bcache_write: 73f95583-561c-408f-a93a-4cbd2498f5c8 inode 0 DS 4260112 + 196352 hit 0 bypass 1
fstrim-18019 [022] .... 91107.302050: bcache_write: 73f95583-561c-408f-a93a-4cbd2498f5c8 inode 0 DS 4456464 + 262144 hit 0 bypass 1
fstrim-18019 [022] .... 91107.302075: bcache_write: 73f95583-561c-408f-a93a-4cbd2498f5c8 inode 0 DS 4718608 + 81920 hit 0 bypass 1
fstrim-18019 [022] .... 91107.302094: bcache_write: 73f95583-561c-408f-a93a-4cbd2498f5c8 inode 0 DS 5324816 + 180224 hit 0 bypass 1
fstrim-18019 [022] .... 91107.302121: bcache_write: 73f95583-561c-408f-a93a-4cbd2498f5c8 inode 0 DS 5505040 + 262144 hit 0 bypass 1
fstrim-18019 [022] .... 91107.302145: bcache_write: 73f95583-561c-408f-a93a-4cbd2498f5c8 inode 0 DS 5767184 + 81920 hit 0 bypass 1
fstrim-18019 [022] .... 91107.308777: bcache_write: 73f95583-561c-408f-a93a-4cbd2498f5c8 inode 0 DS 6373392 + 180224 hit 1 bypass 0
<crash>

Note the final one has different hit/bypass flags.

This is because in should_writeback(), we were hitting a case where
the partial stripe condition was returning true and so
should_writeback() was returning true early.

If that hadn't been the case, it would have hit the would_skip test, and
as would_skip == s->iop.bypass == true, should_writeback() would have
returned false.

Looking at the git history from 'commit 72c270612bd3 ("bcache: Write out
full stripes")', it looks like the idea was to optimise for raid5/6:

* If a stripe is already dirty, force writes to that stripe to
writeback mode - to help build up full stripes of dirty data

To fix this issue, make sure that should_writeback() on a discard op
never returns true.

More details of debugging:
https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-bcache/msg06996.html

Previous reports:
- https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=201051
- https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=196103
- https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-bcache/msg06885.html

(Coly Li: minor modification to follow maximum 75 chars per line rule)

Cc: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: 72c270612bd3 ("bcache: Write out full stripes")
Signed-off-by: Daniel Axtens <dja@axtens.net>
Signed-off-by: Coly Li <colyli@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
drivers/md/bcache/writeback.h | 3 +++
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

--- a/drivers/md/bcache/writeback.h
+++ b/drivers/md/bcache/writeback.h
@@ -71,6 +71,9 @@ static inline bool should_writeback(stru
in_use > bch_cutoff_writeback_sync)
return false;

+ if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD)
+ return false;
+
if (dc->partial_stripes_expensive &&
bcache_dev_stripe_dirty(dc, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
bio_sectors(bio)))

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