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SubjectRe: [PATCH] lib: Add shared copy of __lshrti3 from libgcc
On Mon, Mar 18, 2019 at 02:50:44PM -0700, hpa@zytor.com wrote:
> On March 18, 2019 2:31:13 PM PDT, Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org> wrote:
> >On Fri, Mar 15, 2019 at 01:54:50PM -0700, Matthias Kaehlcke wrote:
> >> The compiler may emit calls to __lshrti3 from the compiler runtime
> >> library, which results in undefined references:
> >>
> >> arch/x86/kvm/x86.o: In function `mul_u64_u64_shr':
> >> include/linux/math64.h:186: undefined reference to `__lshrti3'
> >>
> >> Add a copy of the __lshrti3 libgcc routine (from gcc v4.9.2).
> >>
> >> Include the function for x86 builds with clang, which is the
> >> environment where the above error was observed.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
> >
> >With "Revert "kbuild: use -Oz instead of -Os when using clang"
> >(https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1051932/) the above
> >error is fixed, a few comments inline for if the patch is
> >resurrected in the future because __lshrti3 is emitted in a
> >different context.
> >
> >> diff --git a/include/linux/libgcc.h b/include/linux/libgcc.h
> >> index 32e1e0f4b2d0..a71036471838 100644
> >> --- a/include/linux/libgcc.h
> >> +++ b/include/linux/libgcc.h
> >> @@ -22,15 +22,26 @@
> >> #include <asm/byteorder.h>
> >>
> >> typedef int word_type __attribute__ ((mode (__word__)));
> >> +typedef int TItype __attribute__ ((mode (TI)));
> >
> >Consider using __int128 instead. Definition and use need a
> >'defined(__SIZEOF_INT128__)' guard (similar for mode (TI)), since
> >these 128 bit types aren't supported on all platforms.
> >
> >> #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
> >> struct DWstruct {
> >> int high, low;
> >> };
> >> +
> >> +struct DWstruct128 {
> >> + long long high, low;
> >> +};
> >
> >This struct isn't needed, struct DWstruct can be used.
> >
> >> diff --git a/lib/lshrti3.c b/lib/lshrti3.c
> >> new file mode 100644
> >> index 000000000000..2d2123bb3030
> >> --- /dev/null
> >> +++ b/lib/lshrti3.c
> >> @@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
> >> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> >> +
> >> +#include <linux/export.h>
> >> +#include <linux/libgcc.h>
> >> +
> >> +long long __lshrti3(long long u, word_type b)
> >
> >use TItype for input/output, which is what gcc does, though the above
> >matches the interface in the documentation.
> >
> >> +{
> >> + DWunion128 uu, w;
> >> + word_type bm;
> >> +
> >> + if (b == 0)
> >> + return u;
> >> +
> >> + uu.ll = u;
> >> + bm = 64 - b;
> >> +
> >> + if (bm <= 0) {
> >> + w.s.high = 0;
> >> + w.s.low = (unsigned long long) uu.s.high >> -bm;
> >
> >include <linux/types.h> and use u64 instead of unsigned long long.
>
> Ok, now I'm really puzzled.
>
> How could we need a 128-bit shift when the prototype only has 64 bits of input?!

Good question, this is the code from libgcc:

TItype
__lshrti3 (TItype u, shift_count_type b)
{
if (b == 0)
return u;

const DWunion uu = {.ll = u};
const shift_count_type bm = (8 * (8)) - b;
DWunion w;

if (bm <= 0)
{
w.s.high = 0;
w.s.low = (UDItype) uu.s.high >> -bm;
}
else
{
const UDItype carries = (UDItype) uu.s.high << bm;

w.s.high = (UDItype) uu.s.high >> b;
w.s.low = ((UDItype) uu.s.low >> b) | carries;
}

return w.ll;
}


My compiler knowledge is limited, my guess is that the function is a
generic implementation, and while a long long is 64-bit wide under
Linux it could be 128-bit on other platforms.

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