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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 2/2] x86/perf/amd: Resolve NMI latency issues when multiple PMCs are active
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On 3/15/19 10:49 AM, Tom Lendacky wrote:
> On 3/15/19 10:11 AM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>> On Fri, Mar 15, 2019 at 02:44:32PM +0000, Lendacky, Thomas wrote:
>>
>>>>> @@ -689,6 +731,7 @@ static __initconst const struct x86_pmu amd_pmu = {
>>>>>        .amd_nb_constraints    = 1,
>>>>>        .wait_on_overflow    = amd_pmu_wait_on_overflow,
>>>>> +    .mitigate_nmi_latency    = amd_pmu_mitigate_nmi_latency,
>>>>>    };
>>>>
>>>> Again, you could just do amd_pmu_handle_irq() and avoid an extra
>>>> callback.
>>>
>>> This is where there would be a bunch of code duplication where I thought
>>> adding the callback at the end would be better. But if it's best to add
>>> an AMD handle_irq callback I can do that. I'm easy, let me know if you'd
>>> prefer that.
>>
>> Hmm, the thing that avoids you directly using x86_pmu_handle_irq() is
>> that added active count, but is that not the same as the POPCNT of
>> cpuc->active_mask?
>>
>> Is the latency of POPCNT so bad that we need avoid it?
>>
>> That is, I was thinking of something like:
>>
>> int amd_pmu_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
>> {
>>     struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
>>     int active = hweight_long(cpuc->active_mask);
>>     int handled = x86_pmu_handle_irq(regs);
>
> Yup, I had a total brain lapse there of just calling x86_pmu_handle_irq()
> from the new routine.
>
>>
>> +       if (active <= 1) {

And I wasn't taking into account other sources of NMIs triggering the
running of the handler while perf is running. I was only thinking in terms
of NMIs coming from the PMCs. So this really needs to be a !active check
and the setting of the perf_nmi_counter below needs to be the min of 2 or
active.

Thanks,
Tom

>>         this_cpu_write(perf_nmi_counter, 0);
>> +               return handled;
>>     }
>> +
>> +       /*
>> +        * If a counter was handled, record the number of possible
>> remaining
>> +        * NMIs that can occur.
>> +        */
>> +       if (handled) {
>> +               this_cpu_write(perf_nmi_counter,
>> +                              min_t(unsigned int, 2, active - 1));
>> +
>> +               return handled;
>> +       }
>> +
>> +       if (!this_cpu_read(perf_nmi_counter))
>> +               return NMI_DONE;
>> +
>> +       this_cpu_dec(perf_nmi_counter);
>> +
>> +       return NMI_HANDLED;
>> }
>>
>>>> Anyway, we already had code to deal with spurious NMIs from AMD; see
>>>> commit:
>>>>
>>>>     63e6be6d98e1 ("perf, x86: Catch spurious interrupts after
>>>> disabling counters")
>>>>
>>>> And that looks to be doing something very much the same. Why then do you
>>>> still need this on top?
>>>
>>> This can happen while perf is handling normal counter overflow as opposed
>>> to covering the disabling of the counter case. When multiple counters
>>> overflow at roughly the same time, but the NMI doesn't arrive in time to
>>> get collapsed into a pending NMI, the back-to-back support in
>>> do_default_nmi() doesn't kick in.
>>>
>>> Hmmm... I wonder if the wait on overflow in the disable_all() function
>>> would eliminate the need for 63e6be6d98e1. That would take a more testing
>>> on some older hardware to verify. That's something I can look into
>>> separate from this series.
>>
>> Yes please, or at least better document the reason for their separate
>> existence. It's all turning into a bit of magic it seems.
>
> Ok, I'll update the commit message with a bit more info and add to the
> comment of the new AMD handle_irq function.
>
> Thanks,
> Tom
>
>>
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