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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/8] blk-mq: change the method of iterating busy tags of a request_queue
On Fri, Mar 15, 2019 at 01:57:38AM -0700, Jianchao Wang wrote:
> tags->rqs[] will not been cleaned when free driver tag and there
> is a window between get driver tag and write tags->rqs[], so we
> may see stale rq in tags->rqs[] which may have been freed, as
> following case,
> blk_mq_get_request blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter
> -> blk_mq_get_tag
> -> bt_for_each
> -> bt_iter
> -> rq = taags->rqs[]
> -> rq->q
> -> blk_mq_rq_ctx_init
> -> data->hctx->tags->rqs[rq->tag] = rq;
>
> To fix this, the blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter is changed in this
> patch to use tags->static_rqs[] instead of tags->rqs[]. We have
> to identify whether there is a io scheduler attached to decide
> to use hctx->tags or hctx->sched_tags. And we will try to get a
> non-zero q_usage_counter before that, so it is safe to access
> them. Add 'inflight' parameter to determine to iterate in-flight
> requests or just busy tags. A correction here is that
> part_in_flight should count the busy tags instead of rqs that
> have got driver tags.
>
> Moreover, get rid of the 'hctx' parameter in iter function as
> we could get it from rq->mq_hctx and export this interface for
> drivers.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jianchao Wang <jianchao.w.wang@oracle.com>
> ---
> block/blk-mq-tag.c | 76 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
> block/blk-mq-tag.h | 2 --
> block/blk-mq.c | 31 ++++++++------------
> include/linux/blk-mq.h | 5 ++--
> 4 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 50 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/block/blk-mq-tag.c b/block/blk-mq-tag.c
> index b792537..cdec2cd 100644
> --- a/block/blk-mq-tag.c
> +++ b/block/blk-mq-tag.c
> @@ -216,26 +216,38 @@ struct bt_iter_data {
> busy_iter_fn *fn;
> void *data;
> bool reserved;
> + bool inflight;
> };
>
> static bool bt_iter(struct sbitmap *bitmap, unsigned int bitnr, void *data)
> {
> struct bt_iter_data *iter_data = data;
> struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx = iter_data->hctx;
> - struct blk_mq_tags *tags = hctx->tags;
> bool reserved = iter_data->reserved;
> + struct blk_mq_tags *tags;
> struct request *rq;
>
> + tags = hctx->sched_tags ? hctx->sched_tags : hctx->tags;
> +
> if (!reserved)
> bitnr += tags->nr_reserved_tags;
> - rq = tags->rqs[bitnr];
> + /*
> + * Because tags->rqs[] will not been cleaned when free driver tag
> + * and there is a window between get driver tag and write tags->rqs[],
> + * so we may see stale rq in tags->rqs[] which may have been freed.
> + * Using static_rqs[] is safer.
> + */
> + rq = tags->static_rqs[bitnr];
>
> /*
> - * We can hit rq == NULL here, because the tagging functions
> - * test and set the bit before assigning ->rqs[].
> + * There is a small window between get tag and blk_mq_rq_ctx_init,
> + * so rq->q and rq->mq_hctx maybe different.
> */
> - if (rq && rq->q == hctx->queue)
> - return iter_data->fn(hctx, rq, iter_data->data, reserved);
> + if (rq && rq->q == hctx->queue &&
> + rq->mq_hctx == hctx &&
> + (!iter_data->inflight ||
> + blk_mq_rq_state(rq) == MQ_RQ_IN_FLIGHT))
> + return iter_data->fn(rq, iter_data->data, reserved);

There is still a window where the check may succeed, but the request is
being assigned to a completely different request_queue. The callback
then operates on a request it doesn't own.

Tag iteration from a driver can be safe only if the driver initiates a
freeze and quiesced all queues sharing the same tagset first. The nvme
driver does that, but I think there may need to be an additional grace
period to wait for the allocation's queue_enter to call queue_exit to
ensure the request is initialized through blk_mq_rq_ctx_init().

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