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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 3/3] Drivers: hv: vmbus: Fix race condition with new ring_buffer_info mutex
On Thu, 14 Mar 2019 13:05:15 -0700
"Kimberly Brown" <kimbrownkd@gmail.com> wrote:

> Fix a race condition that can result in a ring buffer pointer being set
> to null while a "_show" function is reading the ring buffer's data. This
> problem was discussed here:
> https://nam06.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Flkml.org
> %2Flkml%2F2018%2F10%2F18%2F779&amp;data=02%7C01%7Csthemmin%40microsoft.com
> %7C1d7557d667b741bdbb6008d6a8b8620f%7C72f988bf86f141af91ab2d7cd011db47%7C1
> %7C0%7C636881907217609564&amp;sdata=1bUbLaxsODANM7lCBR8lxyYajNpufuwUW%2FOl
> vtGu2hU%3D&amp;reserved=0
>
> To fix the race condition, add a new mutex lock to the
> "hv_ring_buffer_info" struct. Add a new function,
> "hv_ringbuffer_pre_init()", where a channel's inbound and outbound
> ring_buffer_info mutex locks are initialized.
>
> Acquire/release the locks in the "hv_ringbuffer_cleanup()" function,
> which is where the ring buffer pointers are set to null.
>
> Acquire/release the locks in the four channel-level "_show" functions
> that access ring buffer data. Remove the "const" qualifier from the
> "vmbus_channel" parameter and the "rbi" variable of the channel-level
> "_show" functions so that the locks can be acquired/released in these
> functions.
>
> Acquire/release the locks in hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(). Remove the
> "const" qualifier from the "hv_ring_buffer_info" parameter so that the
> locks can be acquired/released in this function.
>
> Signed-off-by: Kimberly Brown <kimbrownkd@gmail.com>
> ---
> drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c | 2 +
> drivers/hv/hyperv_vmbus.h | 1 +
> drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c | 19 ++++++++-
> drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c | 82 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
> include/linux/hyperv.h | 7 +++-
> 5 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
> index 9d7f9c1c60c7..14543059cc3e 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
> @@ -336,6 +336,8 @@ static struct vmbus_channel *alloc_channel(void)
> tasklet_init(&channel->callback_event,
> vmbus_on_event, (unsigned long)channel);
>
> + hv_ringbuffer_pre_init(channel);
> +
> return channel;
> }
>
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/hyperv_vmbus.h b/drivers/hv/hyperv_vmbus.h
> index a94aab94e0b5..e5467b821f41 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/hyperv_vmbus.h
> +++ b/drivers/hv/hyperv_vmbus.h
> @@ -193,6 +193,7 @@ extern void hv_synic_clockevents_cleanup(void);
>
> /* Interface */
>
> +void hv_ringbuffer_pre_init(struct vmbus_channel *channel);
>
> int hv_ringbuffer_init(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
> struct page *pages, u32 pagecnt);
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c b/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c
> index 0386ff48c5ea..121a01c43298 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c
> @@ -166,14 +166,18 @@ hv_get_ringbuffer_availbytes(const struct
> hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi,
> }
>
> /* Get various debug metrics for the specified ring buffer. */
> -int hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(const struct hv_ring_buffer_info
> *ring_info,
> +int hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
> struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info
> *debug_info)
> {
> u32 bytes_avail_towrite;
> u32 bytes_avail_toread;
>
> - if (!ring_info->ring_buffer)
> + mutex_lock(&ring_info->ring_buffer_mutex);
> +
> + if (!ring_info->ring_buffer) {
> + mutex_unlock(&ring_info->ring_buffer_mutex);
> return -EINVAL;
> + }
>
> hv_get_ringbuffer_availbytes(ring_info,
> &bytes_avail_toread,
> @@ -184,10 +188,19 @@ int hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(const struct
> hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
> debug_info->current_write_index =
> ring_info->ring_buffer->write_index;
> debug_info->current_interrupt_mask
> = ring_info->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask;
> + mutex_unlock(&ring_info->ring_buffer_mutex);
> +
> return 0;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo);
>
> +/* Initialize a channel's ring buffer info mutex locks */
> +void hv_ringbuffer_pre_init(struct vmbus_channel *channel)
> +{
> + mutex_init(&channel->inbound.ring_buffer_mutex);
> + mutex_init(&channel->outbound.ring_buffer_mutex);
> +}
> +
> /* Initialize the ring buffer. */
> int hv_ringbuffer_init(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
> struct page *pages, u32 page_cnt)
> @@ -240,8 +253,10 @@ int hv_ringbuffer_init(struct hv_ring_buffer_info
> *ring_info,
> /* Cleanup the ring buffer. */
> void hv_ringbuffer_cleanup(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info)
> {
> + mutex_lock(&ring_info->ring_buffer_mutex);
> vunmap(ring_info->ring_buffer);
> ring_info->ring_buffer = NULL;
> + mutex_unlock(&ring_info->ring_buffer_mutex);
> }
>
> /* Write to the ring buffer. */
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c b/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c
> index 7f15c41d952e..84f3a510b4c9 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c
> @@ -1410,7 +1410,7 @@ static void vmbus_chan_release(struct kobject *kobj)
>
> struct vmbus_chan_attribute {
> struct attribute attr;
> - ssize_t (*show)(const struct vmbus_channel *chan, char *buf);
> + ssize_t (*show)(struct vmbus_channel *chan, char *buf);
> ssize_t (*store)(struct vmbus_channel *chan,
> const char *buf, size_t count);
> };
> @@ -1429,7 +1429,7 @@ static ssize_t vmbus_chan_attr_show(struct kobject
> *kobj,
> {
> const struct vmbus_chan_attribute *attribute
> = container_of(attr, struct vmbus_chan_attribute, attr);
> - const struct vmbus_channel *chan
> + struct vmbus_channel *chan
> = container_of(kobj, struct vmbus_channel, kobj);
>
> if (!attribute->show)
> @@ -1442,57 +1442,81 @@ static const struct sysfs_ops vmbus_chan_sysfs_ops
> = {
> .show = vmbus_chan_attr_show,
> };
>
> -static ssize_t out_mask_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel, char
> *buf)
> +static ssize_t out_mask_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel, char *buf)
> {
> - const struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->outbound;
> + struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->outbound;
> + ssize_t ret;
>
> - if (!rbi->ring_buffer)
> + mutex_lock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + if (!rbi->ring_buffer) {
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> return -EINVAL;
> + }
>
> - return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", rbi->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask);
> + ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", rbi->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask);
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + return ret;
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR_RO(out_mask);
>
> -static ssize_t in_mask_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel, char
> *buf)
> +static ssize_t in_mask_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel, char *buf)
> {
> - const struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->inbound;
> + struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->inbound;
> + ssize_t ret;
>
> - if (!rbi->ring_buffer)
> + mutex_lock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + if (!rbi->ring_buffer) {
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> return -EINVAL;
> + }
>
> - return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", rbi->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask);
> + ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", rbi->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask);
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + return ret;
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR_RO(in_mask);
>
> -static ssize_t read_avail_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel, char
> *buf)
> +static ssize_t read_avail_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel, char *buf)
> {
> - const struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->inbound;
> + struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->inbound;
> + ssize_t ret;
>
> - if (!rbi->ring_buffer)
> + mutex_lock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + if (!rbi->ring_buffer) {
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> return -EINVAL;
> + }
>
> - return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", hv_get_bytes_to_read(rbi));
> + ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", hv_get_bytes_to_read(rbi));
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + return ret;
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR_RO(read_avail);
>
> -static ssize_t write_avail_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel, char
> *buf)
> +static ssize_t write_avail_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel, char *buf)
> {
> - const struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->outbound;
> + struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi = &channel->outbound;
> + ssize_t ret;
>
> - if (!rbi->ring_buffer)
> + mutex_lock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + if (!rbi->ring_buffer) {
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> return -EINVAL;
> + }
>
> - return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", hv_get_bytes_to_write(rbi));
> + ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", hv_get_bytes_to_write(rbi));
> + mutex_unlock(&rbi->ring_buffer_mutex);
> + return ret;
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR_RO(write_avail);
>
> -static ssize_t show_target_cpu(const struct vmbus_channel *channel, char
> *buf)
> +static ssize_t show_target_cpu(struct vmbus_channel *channel, char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", channel->target_cpu);
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(cpu, S_IRUGO, show_target_cpu, NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_pending_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> +static ssize_t channel_pending_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%d\n",
> @@ -1501,7 +1525,7 @@ static ssize_t channel_pending_show(const struct
> vmbus_channel *channel,
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(pending, S_IRUGO, channel_pending_show, NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_latency_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> +static ssize_t channel_latency_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%d\n",
> @@ -1510,19 +1534,19 @@ static ssize_t channel_latency_show(const struct
> vmbus_channel *channel,
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(latency, S_IRUGO, channel_latency_show, NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_interrupts_show(const struct vmbus_channel
> *channel, char *buf)
> +static ssize_t channel_interrupts_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", channel->interrupts);
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(interrupts, S_IRUGO, channel_interrupts_show,
> NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_events_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> +static ssize_t channel_events_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel, char
> *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", channel->sig_events);
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(events, S_IRUGO, channel_events_show, NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_intr_in_full_show(const struct vmbus_channel
> *channel,
> +static ssize_t channel_intr_in_full_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
> @@ -1530,7 +1554,7 @@ static ssize_t channel_intr_in_full_show(const
> struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(intr_in_full, 0444, channel_intr_in_full_show,
> NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_intr_out_empty_show(const struct vmbus_channel
> *channel,
> +static ssize_t channel_intr_out_empty_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
> @@ -1538,7 +1562,7 @@ static ssize_t channel_intr_out_empty_show(const
> struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(intr_out_empty, 0444, channel_intr_out_empty_show,
> NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_out_full_first_show(const struct vmbus_channel
> *channel,
> +static ssize_t channel_out_full_first_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
> @@ -1546,7 +1570,7 @@ static ssize_t channel_out_full_first_show(const
> struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(out_full_first, 0444, channel_out_full_first_show,
> NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t channel_out_full_total_show(const struct vmbus_channel
> *channel,
> +static ssize_t channel_out_full_total_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
> @@ -1554,14 +1578,14 @@ static ssize_t channel_out_full_total_show(const
> struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(out_full_total, 0444, channel_out_full_total_show,
> NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t subchannel_monitor_id_show(const struct vmbus_channel
> *channel,
> +static ssize_t subchannel_monitor_id_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", channel->offermsg.monitorid);
> }
> static VMBUS_CHAN_ATTR(monitor_id, S_IRUGO, subchannel_monitor_id_show,
> NULL);
>
> -static ssize_t subchannel_id_show(const struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> +static ssize_t subchannel_id_show(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
> char *buf)
> {
> return sprintf(buf, "%u\n",
> diff --git a/include/linux/hyperv.h b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> index 64698ec8f2ac..8b9a93c99c9b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/hyperv.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> @@ -141,6 +141,11 @@ struct hv_ring_buffer_info {
>
> u32 ring_datasize; /* < ring_size */
> u32 priv_read_index;
> + /*
> + * The ring buffer mutex lock. This lock prevents the ring buffer
> from
> + * being freed while the ring buffer is being accessed.
> + */
> + struct mutex ring_buffer_mutex;
> };
>
>
> @@ -1206,7 +1211,7 @@ struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info {
> };
>
>
> -int hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(const struct hv_ring_buffer_info
> *ring_info,
> +int hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
> struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info
> *debug_info);
>
> /* Vmbus interface */

Adding more locks will solve the problem but it seems like overkill.
Why not either use a reference count or an RCU style access for the
ring buffer?

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