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Subject[RFC v2 2/2] vfio/pci: add vfio-pci-mdev driver
Date
This patch adds new driver named vfio-pci-mdev. It is similar
with vfio-pci driver. Thus consumes some symbols from vfio-pci
driver. However, this new driver wraps a pci device as a
mediated device. For a pci device, once bound to vfio-pci-mdev
driver, user space access of this device will go through vfio
mdev framework. User should create a mdev before exposing the
device to user-space.

Benefit of this new driver would be acting as a sample driver
for recent changes from "vfio/mdev: IOMMU aware mediated device"
patchset. Also it could be a good start for future device specific
mdev migration support.

To use this driver:
a) build and load vfio-pci-mdev.ko module
execute "make menuconfig" and config VFIO_PCI_MDEV
then load it with following command
> sudo modprobe vfio
> sudo modprobe vfio-pci
> sudo modprobe vfio-pci-mdev

b) unbind original device driver
e.g. for device with its bdf as $dev_bdf, use following command
to unbind its original driver
> echo $dev_bdf > /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/driver/unbind

c) bind vfio-pci-mdev driver to the physical device
> echo $vend_id $dev_id > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/vfio-pci-mdev/new_id

d) check the supported mdev instances
> ls /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/mdev_supported_types/
vfio-pci-mdev-type1
> ls /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/mdev_supported_types/\
vfio-pci-mdev-type1/
available_instances create device_api devices name

e) create mdev on this physical device
> echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1003" > \
/sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/mdev_supported_types/\
vfio-pci-mdev-type1/create

f) passthru the mdev to guest
add the following line in Qemu boot command
-device vfio-pci,\
sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1003

g) destroy mdev
> echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1003/\
remove

Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
Cc: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
Suggested-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
---
drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig | 11 ++
drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile | 5 +
drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_mdev.c | 334 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 350 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_mdev.c

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig
index d0f8e4f..30c6b15 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig
@@ -9,6 +9,17 @@ config VFIO_PCI

If you don't know what to do here, say N.

+config VFIO_PCI_MDEV
+ tristate "VFIO MDEV support for PCI devices"
+ depends on VFIO && PCI && EVENTFD && VFIO_PCI && VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE
+ select VFIO_VIRQFD
+ select IRQ_BYPASS_MANAGER
+ help
+ Support for the PCI VFIO Mdev bus driver. This is required to
+ make use of PCI drivers using the VFIO Mdev framework.
+
+ If you don't know what to do here, say N.
+
config VFIO_PCI_VGA
bool "VFIO PCI support for VGA devices"
depends on VFIO_PCI && X86 && VGA_ARB
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
index 9662c06..e840947 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
@@ -3,4 +3,9 @@ vfio-pci-y := vfio_pci.o vfio_pci_intrs.o vfio_pci_rdwr.o vfio_pci_config.o
vfio-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_IGD) += vfio_pci_igd.o
vfio-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_NVLINK2) += vfio_pci_nvlink2.o

+vfio-pci-mdev-y := vfio_pci_mdev.o vfio_pci_intrs.o vfio_pci_rdwr.o vfio_pci_config.o
+vfio-pci-mdev-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_IGD) += vfio_pci_igd.o
+vfio-pci-mdev-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_NVLINK2) += vfio_pci_nvlink2.o
+
obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI) += vfio-pci.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_MDEV) += vfio-pci-mdev.o
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_mdev.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_mdev.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..15c8f7e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_mdev.c
@@ -0,0 +1,334 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright © 2019 Intel Corporation.
+ * Author: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio_pci.c:
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio:
+ * Copyright 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Tom Lyon, pugs@cisco.com
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/eventfd.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/vgaarb.h>
+#include <linux/nospec.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "vfio_pci_private.h"
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION "0.2"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
+#define DRIVER_DESC "VFIO PCI Mdev - User Level meta-driver"
+
+#define VFIO_PCI_MDEV_NAME "vfio-pci-mdev"
+
+static ssize_t
+name_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s-type1\n", dev_name(dev));
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(name);
+
+static ssize_t
+available_instances_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", 1);
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(available_instances);
+
+static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", VFIO_DEVICE_API_PCI_STRING);
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
+
+static struct attribute *vfio_pci_mdev_types_attrs[] = {
+ &mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
+ &mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
+ &mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group vfio_pci_mdev_type_group1 = {
+ .name = "type1",
+ .attrs = vfio_pci_mdev_types_attrs,
+};
+
+struct attribute_group *vfio_pci_mdev_type_groups[] = {
+ &vfio_pci_mdev_type_group1,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+struct vfio_pci_mdev {
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+ struct mdev_device *mdev;
+ unsigned long handle;
+};
+
+static int vfio_pci_mdev_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct device *pdev;
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev;
+ int ret;
+
+ pdev = mdev_parent_dev(mdev);
+ vdev = dev_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ pmdev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vfio_pci_mdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (pmdev == NULL) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ pmdev->mdev = mdev;
+ pmdev->vdev = vdev;
+ mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, pmdev);
+ ret = mdev_set_iommu_device(mdev_dev(mdev), pdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_info("%s, failed to config iommu isolation for mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ __func__, dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(pdev));
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_pci_mdev_remove(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ kfree(pmdev);
+ pr_info("%s, succeeded for mdev: %s\n", __func__,
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vfio_pci_mdev_open(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ ret = vfio_pci_open(pmdev->vdev);
+ if (!ret)
+ pr_info("Succeeded to open mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(&pmdev->vdev->pdev->dev));
+ else
+ pr_info("Failed to open mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(&pmdev->vdev->pdev->dev));
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void vfio_pci_mdev_release(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ pr_info("Release mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(&pmdev->vdev->pdev->dev));
+ vfio_pci_release(pmdev->vdev);
+}
+
+static long vfio_pci_mdev_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ return vfio_pci_ioctl(pmdev->vdev, cmd, arg);
+}
+
+static int vfio_pci_mdev_mmap(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ return vfio_pci_mmap(pmdev->vdev, vma);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_pci_mdev_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ if (!count)
+ return 0;
+
+ return vfio_pci_rw(pmdev->vdev, buf, count, ppos, false);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_pci_mdev_write(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+ const char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_mdev *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ if (!count)
+ return 0;
+
+ return vfio_pci_rw(pmdev->vdev, (char __user *)buf, count, ppos, true);
+}
+
+static const struct mdev_parent_ops vfio_pci_mdev_ops = {
+ .supported_type_groups = vfio_pci_mdev_type_groups,
+ .create = vfio_pci_mdev_create,
+ .remove = vfio_pci_mdev_remove,
+
+ .open = vfio_pci_mdev_open,
+ .release = vfio_pci_mdev_release,
+
+ .read = vfio_pci_mdev_read,
+ .write = vfio_pci_mdev_write,
+ .mmap = vfio_pci_mdev_mmap,
+ .ioctl = vfio_pci_mdev_ioctl,
+};
+
+static int vfio_pci_mdev_driver_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+ struct iommu_group *group;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (pdev->hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_NORMAL)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Prevent binding to PFs with VFs enabled, this too easily allows
+ * userspace instance with VFs and PFs from the same device, which
+ * cannot work. Disabling SR-IOV here would initiate removing the
+ * VFs, which would unbind the driver, which is prone to blocking
+ * if that VF is also in use by vfio-pci. Just reject these PFs
+ * and let the user sort it out.
+ */
+ if (pci_num_vf(pdev)) {
+ pci_warn(pdev, "Cannot bind to PF with SR-IOV enabled\n");
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ group = vfio_iommu_group_get(&pdev->dev);
+ if (!group)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ vdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*vdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vdev) {
+ vfio_iommu_group_put(group, &pdev->dev);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ vdev->pdev = pdev;
+ vdev->name = VFIO_PCI_MDEV_NAME;
+ vdev->irq_type = VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS;
+ mutex_init(&vdev->igate);
+ spin_lock_init(&vdev->irqlock);
+ mutex_init(&vdev->ioeventfds_lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vdev->ioeventfds_list);
+
+ pci_set_drvdata(pdev, vdev);
+
+ ret = vfio_pci_reflck_attach(vdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ vfio_del_group_dev(&pdev->dev);
+ vfio_iommu_group_put(group, &pdev->dev);
+ kfree(vdev);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = vfio_pci_probe_misc(pdev, vdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("failed to probe %s\n", dev_name(&pdev->dev));
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = mdev_register_device(&pdev->dev, &vfio_pci_mdev_ops);
+ if (ret)
+ pr_err("Cannot register mdev for device %s\n",
+ dev_name(&pdev->dev));
+ else
+ pr_info("Wrap device %s as a mdev\n", dev_name(&pdev->dev));
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void vfio_pci_mdev_driver_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+
+ vdev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ if (!vdev)
+ return;
+
+ vfio_pci_reflck_put(vdev->reflck);
+
+ vfio_iommu_group_put(pdev->dev.iommu_group, &pdev->dev);
+ kfree(vdev->region);
+ mutex_destroy(&vdev->ioeventfds_lock);
+ kfree(vdev);
+
+ vfio_pci_remove_misc(pdev);
+}
+
+static struct pci_driver vfio_pci_mdev_driver = {
+ .name = VFIO_PCI_MDEV_NAME,
+ .id_table = NULL, /* only dynamic ids */
+ .probe = vfio_pci_mdev_driver_probe,
+ .remove = vfio_pci_mdev_driver_remove,
+ .err_handler = &vfio_err_handlers,
+};
+
+static void __exit vfio_pci_mdev_cleanup(void)
+{
+ pci_unregister_driver(&vfio_pci_mdev_driver);
+ vfio_pci_uninit_perm_bits();
+}
+
+static int __init vfio_pci_mdev_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Allocate shared config space permision data used by all devices */
+ ret = vfio_pci_init_perm_bits();
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Register and scan for devices */
+ ret = pci_register_driver(&vfio_pci_mdev_driver);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_driver;
+
+ return 0;
+out_driver:
+ vfio_pci_uninit_perm_bits();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+module_init(vfio_pci_mdev_init);
+module_exit(vfio_pci_mdev_cleanup);
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
--
2.7.4
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